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of her creations. The scene is in Old ence, theology, etc.-have been proChester; dear old Doctor Lavendar re- duced; and it is the intention of the appears, as do Willy King and Martha publishers to add one hundred volumes and others of the familiar group; but a year. Except that in the cloth bindthe central figures—the woman, and the ings there is a different shade for each little child through whose influence her group,-crimson for fiction, brown for nature is revealed and transformed-are essays, gray for science, dark green for both new-comers. David is one of the travel, pale green for the classics, etc., most charming child-characters any- -the volumes are uniform.

The type where to be found in fiction, utterly is large and clear, the paper thin and naive and natural, without the slightest opaque, the binding substantial and at. consciousness of having a part in the tractive. The format is in all particuworking out of a problem. Absorb- lars what might be expected from the ingly interesting as a story, subtle and English publishers, J. M. Dent & Co. penetrating as a psychological study, who created the Temple Classics and high and resolute in its morality, the the Temple Shakespeare. Each volbook takes a strong hold on the imagi- ume has a decorative title-page and a nation and emotions. The characters motto of its own. The whole series is are real people, not puppets: they stir edited by Professor Ernest Rhys; and the sympathies of the reader like real the separate books are furnished with people: there is no obtrusion of a moral: introductions and notes by such writbut in their relations to each other they ers as Hilaire Belloc, Andrew Lang, preach a sermon as searching, as aus- G. K. Chesterton, Mr. Swinburne, Artere, and yet as benign as any that thur Symons, Augustine Birrell, George ever fell from the lips of good Doctor Saintsbury, Walter Jerrold, Sir Oliver Lavendar himself. Regarded from

Lodge, Lord Avebury, and others whatever point of view--for its reada- equally distinguished. The volumes are ble qualities, for its literary art, or for

not too large to be carried in the its significance and suggestiveness as pocket, if one will, but they are of a a social study-the book is by all odds size to adorn a bookshelf. Whoever the most powerful that the present sea

enters upon the gradual acquisition of son has given us. Harper & Bros.

these delightful books, selecting here

and there as the humor seizes him from Everyman's Library, as explained by the different groups, will find upon bis the publishers, E. P. Dutton & Co., is shelves a lengthening row of pleasing an attempt to form a collection of books volumes, uniform but not monotonous, in uniform dress on lines so elastic and

pleasing to the eye, easy to hold, and comprehensive that practically every tempting in their contents. When it is classic in the language shall be avail- remembered that the price of each volable in an attractive and permanent ume is only fifty cents, it is hazarding form at the lowest price consistent with little to affirm that the general title of a worthily made book. This is a large the series will prove to be amply justischeme but it has been entered upon fied by the fact that “every man" who in a way which gives promise of satis- reads at all and indulges himself in the factory fulfilment. Already, one hun- ownership of any books will possess dred books in various departments of bimself of the whole or a part of this literature,-biography, fiction, poetry, library. travels, belles lettres, philosophy, sci



No. 3239 August 4, 1906.

{ * Vol.




CONTENTS. 1. The Great Congo Iniquity. By Harold Spender

CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 259 II. According to Meredith. By Mrs. Belloc Lowndes

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 268 III. The Incubus, By A. D. Godley

. CORNBILL MAGAZINE 285 IV. Beaujeu. Chapter XXIV. M. de Beaujeu Leaves by the Window.

Chapter XXV. M. de Beaujeu Comes in by the Door.

H. C. Bailey (To be continued.) MONTHLY REVIEW 286 V. The Greatest Game-Beast in Europe. By Hesketh Prichard

BLACKWOOD's MAGAZINE 294 VI. Snobbery in Art and Literature. By C. B.

ACADEMY 30% VU. Ancestral Memory: A Suggestion. By Forbes Phillips .


OUTLOOK 312 IX. Sleep.

SPECTATOR 316 A PAGE OF VERSE X. The Heritage. By Rudyard Kipling

258 XI. An End in Itself. By Jane Barlov

ACADEMY 258 XII. Dark Dermot. By Nora Che88on.






TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Six DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, THE LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage, to any part of the U. S. or Canada.

Postage to foreign countries in U. P. U. is 3 cents per copy or $1.56 per annum.

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Single copies of Tue Living AGE, 15 cents.

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Had trod the limpid crystal into

mire. Our Fathers in a wondrous age,

Yet how from henceforth chide the Ere yet the Earth was small,

hope's deceit Ensured to us an heritage,

That cheered my path o'er leagues of And doubted not at all

drowth and heat, That we, the children of their heart,

And slaked full many a shaft of Which then did beat so high,

noon-launched fire? In later time should play like part

Jane Barlow. For our posterity.

The Academy.

Youth's passion, manhood's fierce

intent, With age's judgment wise, They spent, and counted not they spent, is

DARK DERMOT, At daily sacrifice.

Out of the darkness Dermot came,
Not lambs alone nor purchased doves We gave him welcome and a name.

Or tithe of trader's gold-
Their lives most dear, their dearer

He would not speak, he did but cry

At taking up mortality.
They offered up of old.
Then fretful murmur not they gave

He brought with him when he came

here So great a charge to keep, Nor dream that awestruck Time shall save

We clad him in a snowy dress,
Their labor while we sleep.

And ere he found it colorless
Dear-bought and clear, a thousand year
Our fathers' title runs.

We laid him in a cradle green
Make we likewise their sacrifice,

Fit for the babe of Fairy-Queen.
Defrauding not our sons!
Rudyard Kipling.

In the blue brightness before noon
Night granted him, unasked, her boon.

Nothing at all of goods and gear,

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And when I stood thereby with weary

He drank, and then he nestled to
My heart and crooned as babies do.
That's how we welcomed Dermot dhu.

feet, Lo, trampling herd to balk my dear


Nora Chesson. The Outlook.


Thy brother asked for help and pro- The "heart of Africa" is far off, and we tection; thou remainest deaf to his ap- listen but fitfully to its beats. Our own peal; thou hast not gone to his assist

lives are crowded, and stories of misery ance, therefore thou hast killed him.”

are but weary reading. Our own EmQuoted from "An Early Christian Father," by M. Vandervelde in the Bel

pire engrosses us, and we have not giau Congo debate.

time for the world-crusades of our fore

fathers. There is something in the Perhaps the most disquieting fact in very size and monotony of this great the present state of the world is the Congo oppression which irritates rather frequent triumph of acknowledged than stimulates the modern man, fawrong. Both in the Old World and the tigues his imagination and overloads New-here unhappily not redressing the

his sympathies. He thinks dimly of balance of the Old-the forces of evil

the tortured native as Childe Roland seem to be more powerful and impu- 'in Browning's poem thinks of the dent than they were a score of years

“stiff, blind horse":ago. Disclosure does not dismay them;

He must be wicked to deserve such that great universal judgment of the

pain. human race, once armed with thunderbolts, seems now more frightened of it- We could believe a lesser crime and self than capable of alarming others; gird on our armor to redress it; but the vast powers of the modern com- when we hear of more than 15,000,000 munity, with its highly centralized gov- human beings-half the estimated popernment and its gigantic machinery of ulation of this Congo State-being agitation and publicity, seem easily de- “ruled” by a system which in its very feated and disarmed, or even turned, nature must mean slavery in the preslike captured cannon, against the com- ent, and probably means extermination mon good. We still lock up the smaller in the future, of a yearly toll of lives criminals; but the colossus seems be- that amounts, according to moderate yond our reach. He sins boldly and calculations, to 100,000, of murder, kiddefiantly, seated on throne or judgment napping, mutilation and massacre used seat, in the very blaze of noon. He by a professedly Christian administraseems safely guarded by some new tion as ordinary methods of rule, we stagnancy of the common world-con- take refuge in incredulity. We cannot science. We look back with scepticism at once—thank God!-believe so badly to the days when Mr. Gladstone with a of our fellow human beings. There is few bold letters could rouse the whole nothing in previous history, not in the of Europe into a flame of wrath against records Attila or Timur or Nadir King Bomba's “Negation of God." Shah, to prepare us for anything quite Now, Abdul Hamid still reigns. Tales so monstrous, so deliberate, so fiendish, of wrong seem to produce less echo in so continuous, so defiant.

The very the "armed camp" of 1906 than in the immensity of the evil disarms us. We peaceful mart of 1850.

vaguely seek for some relief, and have But every other instance of this new hitherto found it in the organized and malady pales before the continued sur- subsidized contradictions of a freely viral, after fifteen years of crime, of endowed Continental Press, or in the the Independent Congo Free State. leaflets so obligingly scattered through the Wagon-Lits of Europe to wbile in the very magnitude of his offences. away the idle hours of travel.

He has sinned beyond all ordinary But now, in the Report of the 1905 credibility; and he has proved so sucCommission, the whole horror and in- cessful in his large drafts on the bank famy of the Congo rule stands con- of international good faith that he will fessed and revealed to the world; and not hesitate to go on drawing as long it becomes the duty of those who re- as his "schemes" are honored. In the member to remind the European world past we have been taken unawares, that they, too, stand directly responsi- but now we know, and our guilt will ble for the lives of these Congo natives, be all the greater if we allow ourselves under the Sixth Article of that Berlin to go on being deceived. For a new Treaty by which, in 1885, this great thing has appeared in the world. While region was handed over in trust to we have been dreaming of progress and Leopold II.:

benevolence, there has grown up among

us a strange product, born of the union All the Powers exercising sovereign between greed and science, suckled on rights or influence in the aforesaid cynicism and schooled in the subtleties territories bind themselves to watch of the law. It is nothing less than a over the preservation of the native civilized savagery, infinitely more dantribes, and to care for the improve- gerous and terrible than primitive barment of the conditions of their moral barism, because free from all passion, and material well-being, and to help and working in an atmosphere of cold in suppressing slavery, and especially and sinister calculation that aduits the slave trade.

neither reform nor repentance. It is

fortified by a moneyed command of This was doubtless the article to brain-power in every country, and which Sir Edward Grey not obscurely armed in its own work with all the maalluded in his reply to Mr. Wedgewood chinery of destruction that science has in the House of Commons on June 14th, given to the modern man. This new and King Leopold may yet find that savagery is not without its champions. alike in the defiance to Europe con- A certain vague popular philosophy tained in the letter accompanying the that has become "procuress to the Lords latest batch of so-called “Reforms,” of Hell" is ready to justify the “Overand in the reply of his agent to Sir Man," whether he reigns in Brussels or Arthur Hardinge, he has overlooked Chicago. Deception is among big the spirit prevailing in the present avowed weapons, and the folly of manBritish House of Commons.

kind is his chief asset. Here lies, let But the danger is lest Europe may us clearly understand, the chief peril of again allow itself to be lulled into pas- the modern world. sivity by "reforms" which can have no Now, King Leopold has shown bimpossible effect as long as the main sys- self the boldest master in this new tem of exploitation is left untouched. school of “State-craft”; and he has For the security of King Leopold lies given us such ample experience of his

See Abstract issued by the Congo Reform sumption that the Free State were to establish Association, 4, Oldhall Street, Liverpool. slavery, the other parties to the Berlin Act

* See M. de Cuvelier's dispatch of April 19th could not legally interfere, and that the en. and his interview with Sir Arthur Hardinge gagements I had quoted were a declaration of on May 11th (Parliamentary Paper Cd. 3,002). genoral principles and intentions as regarded The King's attitude is best summed up in Sir the treatment of the native populations rather Arthur's report of M. de Cuvelier's lan- than a binding obligation which the remaining guage:-“He thereupon said, although not signatories, or any one of them, had a right very decisively, that even on the absurd as- to enforce."

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