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From the Spectator, 3rd Nov.

ment of New York, and in the nullification conCANADIAN ANNEXATION.

troversy between north and south. They think Does national virtue find its sole expression in a that absorption will overrule and obliterate dissen money profit? If so, Canada might have her an- sions of race : it has obliterated nationality in nexation ; for England would have neither motive Louisiana and Florida ; it has not obliterated race nor power to retain her. The annexationists of in the Negro helotry; and the new province must Montreal rest their manifesto mainly on a calcula- make up its mind to sharing the dangers and guilt tion of commercial advantage. Does that suffice? of that tremendous riddle. Canada must waive Prove a profitable balance in the ledger, and is her blessed immunity from that contamination. that all that a nation should look to-or the chief All this the colonists might be made to feel, if thing? Unquestionably there are greater and the public servants of England went to work in the higher objects. The bond of national unity de- right way. The more so since, of all provinces pends upon several things—questions of race, in the world, Canada is perhaps the one that has social habits, political institutions, and more be- most uniformly exhibited the influence of feelings sides ; but above all, on sympathy in upholding upon political views and sympathies. The “ Britnoble sentiments. Yes, simple as that tie may ish” party has been brought to its present false be, it is the true bond of nationality. The simple position by an ultra-loyal affection for England, love of justice between man and man—whether and her institutions—an affection perverted by bad the justice between crowned and uncrowned man administration. The French party has been noted on the plain of Runnymede, or the “ fair play” for the degree in which it is swayed by feelings. between two combatants in the street-has been | Were the imperial government, then, to be reprethe sturdy sentiment which has guided England sented in Downing Street and Montreal by men through many a contest, many a trouble, and many who could share and direct these ready sympaa perplexity, to be great and powerful. You can- thies, it would be possible to reäwaken in the not find the equation of that sentiment in gold. colony a noble nationality. England might say to

We might ask Canada if she forgets her blood her—"You have been treated harshly and unfairrelationship, that she is leaving us for lucre ; but, ly: the pursuit of party objects in London has unhappily, we have done no little to forfeit tha made the imperial parliament play fast and loose claim. We have forfeited it by the conduct of with your finance; a bad colonial minister has the minister whom the House of the English exasperated your factions ; you have been so ill Commons suffers to rule over the colonies. Fail- governed that your colonization stands still, and ing to strike out a policy which should be original, your border marks the confines between the prossuccessful, and superior to all others-thwarted perity of a republican state and the backwardness in his own sport with the colonies, Lord Grey is of an English dependency : all that is allowed : driven to desperate courses, and their welfare is but we will treat you more generously; a man of sacrificed to his disappointed self-love and fantas- elevated and generous feeling shall be your gove tic spleen : how, then, can he recall them from a ernor; your local statesmen shall be invited to mere commercial policy to more generous ideas ? grave and friendly council in London ; we will We have forfeited our claim by the conduct of the take counsel with you upon the best way in which representative of this country, who has brought mother-country and colony can stand by each the crown and its imperial authority into disgrace other, to uphold freedom, to develop each other's by vacillation, trifling, and cowardice. More de- greatness, and to serve mankind : go free if you plorable is it that we have forfeited the claim will; but before you do so, let us see if we cannationally, by our trading statesmanship-doubly not be more happy, more exalted among the natrading, in the subserviency of our statesmen to tions, more beneficent to our race, by remaining trading ideas, in their traffic upon any cant of the together.” We believe that a policy conceived day. Abroad, we have trifled with the highest and expressed in this spirit would meet with a national feelings; at home, we doubt, scoff, and hearty and a full response from Canada. prevaricate; putting trust only in what professes to The annexationists admit that separation would be small, topical, and not elevated or dignified. not be practicable or desirable without the consent How then can we recall Canada to her faith in of England. “ The consent!" who is to give it? noble sentiments or her sympathy with great What traitors are there amongst us, in high ideas?

places, that the separatists count upon an official No; if she thinks she can gain by the transfer, consent ? Are we come to such pass that, to inwe must let her turn adrift. The loss, indeed, dulge the crotchets and foibles of splenetic and will be hers, not exclusively, but chiefly. For incompetent statesmanship, we must forego Lord though we are degraded by this subserviency to Durham's great effort “ to perpetuate and strengthtrading ideas, the United States are still more so ; en the connection between this empire and the and any province joining them must consent to North American colonies, which would then form sink to the same level, or be cheated. The Mon- one of the brightest ornaments in her majesty's treal annexationists think that absorption in the imperial crown?” Is the attempt to be abandoned Union will supersede border wars, and endow their by the sovereign with the advice of her responsiprovince with lasting peace ; forgetting the alarm- ble ministers? The British public ought to learn ing wars which germinate in the anti-rent move what the executive means to do.

From the Examiner or 3 Nov.

ing position they have studiously set themselves LOUIS NAPOLEON'S DISMISSAL OF THE BARROT against. They look to the ultimate restoration

of the monarchy of some Bourbon or another ; and MINISTRY

they regard the present president as a stepping If trouble, confusion, or disruption of the re- plank. It was not to be expected that he should public, ensie in Paris from the desire which the be blind to this, or that he should tolerate what president has just manifested, and the step he has really is both a slight and a treachery. His prestaken, to secure ministers of his own opinion and ent message to the Assembly is the result. It is policy, the fault may be immediately his, but orig- at least open and sincere, and these are great inally it lies with the leaders of the Assembly and merits. But its braggadocio about the 10th Deits conservative majority. They resolved to have cember, and the glories of the Napoleon name, a chief of the republic with monarchic and hered- bespeaks a grievous infatuation, and foreshadows itary pretensions. In a kind of spite, because but one result. they could not have a Bourbon of one branch or Fortunately for M. Molé, M. Thiers, and those the other, they took a Bonaparte. To the author- other designing gentlemen, Louis Napoleon is not ity and pride which surrounded the name of such a deep politician; he cannot dissemble, smother a president, they added, for him, the still greater his resentment, conceal his hopes, or prepare his claim of the elect of the French people. And this revenge. It is curious to think how Louis Philvery power, concentrated in the person of the ippe in his place would have outwitted and disappresident, they used in order to beat, to provoke, pointed those knowing politicians. Louis Napoand to subdue, the first National Assembly. They leon is, however, incapable of playing Mazarin. defied its majority, and ruled in despite of it; M. He is more of a Condé, who slashed such net-work Barrot himself snapping his fingers at that major- with the sword. The temper required in such ity, and declaring that he ruled by the grace, not matters is that which would unite, as Napoleon's of the Assembly, but of the president and of the did, the subtleness and dissimulation of the Italian popular choice.

politician with the firmness and daring of the The precedent thus established by M. Barrot French revolutionist. But such qualities do not and the Conservative Club is now turned against descend with a name. him, and the club, and the majority in the pres- The most unpromising part of the president's ent Chamber. We must say for Louis Napoleon, coup d'etat is the list of his ministry. This is the however, that he had not, up to this point, proved melancholy comment on the brag about the Napoself-willed or indocile. He had in a thousand leon name. With the exception of Rayneval, instances given up his personal will, passed over evidently appointed because he is too far off to his personal friends, and nowithstanding his own send an immediate refusal, there is not a name to liberal instincts and leanings, had allowed his inspire either the army, the bourse, or the Assemministers to be as illiberal in domestic policy, and bly, those fitful powers and pulses of the public, as pusillanimous in foreign, as they could well be. with confidence. The president thinks that his No doubt his obsequiousness was induced or personal unit placed before so many ciphers will strengthened by the idea that such a conservative make a respectable sum of authority. But this is policy in Italy and elsewhere secured to himself another mistake ; and the announcement of this personally the friendship, if not the protection, of ministry at first in the non-official column of the the old sovereigns and dynasties of Europe, into Moniteur, pretty clearly explains their position, whose ranks he might have hopes of one day and the president's misgivings. entering

Had the president attempted this in a recess, The embassy of M. De Persigny to the northern and happened to be free from the Assembly for courts has dissipated this illusion. His return even a few weeks, he might have thrown up some with the conviction that not all the obsequiousness intrenchments, and got some party to rally round of the French government had made any sensible him. But, as it is, there is not time. The Asimpression upon those monarchs, or won them to sembly met on Friday, and will or may meet Bonapartist interests, has shown the president how again to-day. It cannot be dissolved, cannot be he has been frittering away the first year of his prorogued. Changarnier, the commander of the hold of power, without making any tried friends military force of Paris, is far more in the interests at home or abroad, and without advancing his own of the Assembly than of the president; and, cherished purpose one single step.

strange to say, this commander is bound by law The manifest aim of Louis Napoleon in writing to obey the president of the Assembly, not the his famous letter on Roman affairs was that of president of the republic. All this promises one seeking eclat for himself, and recommending him- of those conflicts of authority of which the Red self as a chief of liberal ideas; and the Assembly, Republic was alone considered capable. These as manifestly, cushioned the letter not more for same Reds are also, no doubt, watching the quarthe sake of propitiating the Pope than for that of rel betwixt two fractions of that party which condefeating the aim of Louis Napoleon. The As-quered them, with considerable exultation. Al. sembly and the Club of the Rue de Poitiers have ready there are symptoms of the citizen class sought to make but a moment's use of Louis Na- swerving from coercion and martial law to milder poleon. The notion of his taking any firm or last- and more liberal sentiments. The insurgents of


Strasburg have been acquitted ; those now in He flies to her arms in the warlike sense. All course of trial before the court of Versailles have, this implies a striking degree of piquancy. it is said, considerable chances of acquittal. Such Would that the secret were known. We all remema verdict at such a moment would create almost ber how much the respectable Juno was indebted an emeute of joy and exultation amongst the repub- to a loan of the bewitching cestus belonging to licans.

a less regular fair, but the properties of that talisThe opportunities are tempting, the moment man are still undescribed. Lola seems to have dangerous. It was during the dispute between the secret. Louis Philippe and M. Barrot that the revolution In the history of King Arthur, if we remembe of February grew into a great fact. It should be rightly, is a somewhat parallel case—that ofs taken care that a similar dispute betwixt Louis lady who is under a spell through which, at midNapoleon and M. Barrot, for pretty much the night, her favored cavalier is hacked and hewer same cause, too, that of the chief of the state gov- by a self-acting sword : yet he braved his fate. Si erning by himself, may not now lead to a similar does Heald. How is it? result.

Why does the Red Indjan recur to his wilder ness, the Arab to his desert, the dweller on thi

volcano to that very spot where the earthquake Be she Celt of Ireland or of Spain, with the swallowed up his house and the flames blasted his

vine? fire of Milesian or of Mauritanian blood in her veins, Lola Montez is an anachronism. She be

What great things, among worse, this dare

One had thought longs to the age of Archbishop Turpin or the devilry has made men achieve ! Enchanter Merlin.

that it died out with Lady Hamilton or Sir Sidney She has the same disregard of time or place, of safety or appearances, as

Smith, with Murat or Pauline Bonaparte ; but adventurous damsels of that indefinite age. She

somehow it reappears occasionally. The Penny wanders forth to seek adventures, hating repose. worth's novels are replaced on our shelves by

Magazine has not been immortal; Miss EdgeEurope is her pleasure-ground. She sports with kings, and breaks with them at a freak ; she rides Jane Eyre; Irishmen still continue their fights off from her Medoro, and appoints him to meet her even as they fought in the days of Brien Boroihme; at breakfast in another kingdom ; she accepts titles Mount Etna blazes at will; the stoutest ship learns and fortune, and gives them back again, with the that the winds are stronger ; the cholera and the

Lola make the grand tour.- Spectator. ease of the theatre and the chivalrous romance.

The Assemblée Nationale, which seems to perform in Paris the gossiping function of a Belle Assemblée, relates how she broke with her quasihusband Mr. Heald, late of the Dragoon Guards

Five days since, Mr. Heald called on the English A great man never can be made greater by consul, [at Barcelona,) and said to him, I am come another ; he places his own crown on his head. to ask your advice. I have some friends here who There are many who deem it a high honor to be recommend me to abandon my wife ; what ought I to do? I am afraid of being assassinated or poi- elected by even a small constituency, whether for soned. At Perpignan she stabbed me. He then a seat in Parliament or some other post of office showed a waistcoat stained with blood. The con- and profit. Perhaps they are right, in regard to sul replied, “ I am astonished that, aster the attack themselves : but I never could comprehend how you speak of, you had not laid a complaint before an illustrious man, by any possibility, can receive the police at Perpignan, and that you have since an honor, manifest as it is that he may confer one, lived with her on such intimate terms. But if

you wish to abandon your wife, I have no advice to give

even by a glance. By bearing a due respect and He offered, however, to viser his passport

reverence to such a man, we honor not him but for any direction which he might think proper to

ourselves. We can raise only what is beneath or take. On the same day the parties had quarrelled. on a level with us; we cannot raise what we canOn the following [the 18th] Mr. Heald sent to the not reach. Even the executive power, whatever English Consul for a new passport, and at half-past its denomination, in conferring a dignity or title, four o'clock he disappeared. Forty-eight hours after his departure, he wrote lifts op an ornament to its proper place.

must be looked at as a windlass or pulley which to her from Mataro, imploring pardon. He besought her to allow him to return to her feet. He

It is glorious to be either the voluntary advocate terminated his epistle thus—“ If you have ever to or the chosen defender of the unfortunate and opcomplain of me, show me this letter, and it will be pressed. You are both, my lord, against kings and your talisman.". Mrs. Heald set out next day by emperors, presidents and popes. England applauds the railway, and some hours after brought back Mr. you : but somewhat larger than England, larger Heald.

than the seas that surround her, or the lands that What Paphian cestus does Lola wind round lie beyond, applauds you too—your heart. Trees the blade of her poniard? There must be some- reach their full growth where there are few surthing very engaging about the terrible fair : kings rounding them; 8o do men. We might think you are captive, and her Lancelot braves, not the blade less if we saw a dozen such about you ; and perof others, but her own, when he returns to her. haps, if there were, you would be. As matters




stand, you cover the whole space they would partly pathies are moderate, antipathies are extinct. Not occupy.

a minister of the crown would disembowel an opKossuth, it is reported, is expected soon in positionist, or scourge his wife ; scarcely three in England. God grant it! It may revive a sense five would commend, or countenance, the miscreant of glory, Jong vitiated, and almost dead. Public who should have driven from the seat of his gor. men, indeed, will exclude him from their houses ; ernment men festering under wounds received in their praises are reserved for Haynau, their tables desence of their families. But it is not to such are decorated for O'Ferral. But let us contend people we lift our eyes and voices; it is neither to with America for the possession of the purest finality, nor to agitation. We plead before no patriot on earth. Let us, who heretofore have intriguers, no coiners of counterfeit, no scramblers taught her many things, teach her now in what for tags and trumpery, no brawlers in streets, no manner she may gladden the heart of millions, and whisperers in palace ; we plead for the Hungaraise to herself on an imperishable basis a monumentrian defender of venerable institutions, cognate the most worthy of her wealth and virtue. Pro- with our own, and bearing a strong family resemposals have been offered to commemorate in bronze blance. It would be criminal to doubt either the and marble the achievements of the Hungarians. ability or the resolution of the two wealthiest naSo be it. But in what better or more befitting tions world to raise a few thousand pounds manner can it be done, than in the structure of a annually, in order to compensate the losses, and to plain and simple mansion for the family of their support the dignity, of as pure and energetic a president? No Blenheim is demanded, no column, patriot as ever guided the councils of either. no prancing horse, but simply a retired and quiet

Walter Savage LANDOR. mansion, such as twelve or fifteen thousand pounds Bath, October 18. could erect and furnish. It would be more honorable

From the Evening Bulletin. for the Americans to contribute toward it in Eng

SHAKSPEARE READINGS. land than in their country; and if their contribution were the larger, as it probably will be, the wrITTEN AFTER MRS. KEMBLE'S LAST READING IN prouder would be their superiority, over a nation

PHILADELPHIA, NOV. 5, 1849. with which they were never to be engaged in any for the new soul her wondrous voice has stirred

Thanks to the lady of the witching word, other kind of contest.

For the awakened sense which lay asleep I have little money; but I have several pictures; In myriad breasts, till she disturbed the deep. and, as my pride does not often step out of doors, The feast is done—in awe and wonder, all I shall be delighted to indulge it in giving twenty The guests go lingering from the banquet hall, of the best toward the adornment of the house with thirst unslaked, and craving still to drink which the only two free nations will erect for the New nectar from this fount's o'errunning brink. greatest of all free men.

A motley company these feasts createTestimonials to patriotism, true or false, and Motley in mind and mien, in garb and gait, oftener false than true, have been prodigally ex- All grouped as guests before the crowned lord hibited in England recently. The spirit of party of England's letters, at his royal board. has breathed hotly over the land, and has blown See the sweet Quakeress, demure and prim, foul bubbles into the air. Among the statues in Beside the belle in dazzling Paris trim;

The grave divine, in contrast dark, beside our metropolis, how extremely few are erected The dandy gay-his tailor's boast and pride; to beneficent, to prudent, to temperate, or even The massive matron, swelling near a place commonly honest men ! Subverters of law in Where beams a merry school girl's laughing face ; their own country, disturbers of the public peace The gray old-fashioned veteran, hip to hip, in its dependencies, adventurers, gamblers, debtors, Beside an unfledged fop with sprouting lip. defaulters, profligates, constitute the greater part, These are thy guests, 0 Shakspeare! these the and almost the whole. Where are our philoso

souls, phers, our poets, our patriots? In the centre of Thy priestess with her godlike art controls, what square, at the termination of what avenue, Some come to pass an evening, or to meet stands Shakspeare? What temple is sanctified Again the friend they passed upon the street. by Milton's purity ? “ Nature and nature's laws” To see his famed interpreter—they come

Some from pure love of Shakspeare, other some announce their Newton ; we look for him also

From divers motives, but I fear the mass vain.

Come without any motive—some, alas! 'If jealousy and hatred of the truly great among Willing to change their gold, at Fashion’s hint, ourselves have instigated us to substitute the false, For the coined wonders of the Shakspeare mini. let us avoid the sight of such as, coming too near, Well, whatsoe'er the motive, there's a soul may inflict on us any uneasiness. Let us prove Hidden behind it, subject to control. before the world at large that its virtuous men are Watch the effect, as the great reader's art dear to us at a distance, and that to them at least Ope's Shakspeare's mysteries to each waking heart. we will not be unjust. Parties, our worst seducers The first low music of the matchless voice from the path of rectitude, are fused, flattened, Then comes a burst of passion, and the hall

To silence lulls, from force as well as choice. hardened, and inert. Public virtue no longer is Rings with applause from young and old—from all ; laughed at, as it was in the last century from the Mustachioed lips a cry of ** Brava" raise, beginning to the end, but merely smiled at; sym-' And white kids patter a most dainty praise.

The play goes on; soon comes a merry note,
And the loud laughter rings from every throat;
The laugh subsides, the hall is hushed again,
And each gay heart beats to a sadder strain ;
The melting tones of woman's grief are heard-
The heart hangs breathless on each faltered word,
Each lip is quivering, dim is every eye,
As the sad voice recites its misery,
And soon a general burst of tears reveals
That every hearer has a soul, and feels !

Here shone an art Shaksperian, that could make
A various crowd such common feeling take,
"T was Shakspeare's self, in a fair woman's form,
That roused the mass to sense so true and warm :
Brought“ whining school boy,' slippered panta-

Dandy and dame, to sympathy so soon;
Made every selfish soul forget itself,
And lay its world a moment on the shelf.

The royal banquet 's done; the queen departs,
To show elsewhere her own and Shakspeare's arts.
A noble mission! to revive a taste,
Through modern clap-trap sadly run to waste.
Blest be the fortune that has led her here,
To fill the soul with a new atmosphere-
To show us gems from England's golden age,
Freed from the tarnish of the tainted stage.
She's gone, but left no transient stamp impressed
On the roused bosom of each various guest ;
Critics in drab or black, young, aged, all
Go re-refined from the great festival ;
And wheresoe'er their paths through life may go,
In wealth or poverty, in joy or woe,
Shakspeare and Kemble, twin in soul, shall be
Shrined as one genius in each memory.

Well might he fight against

Further maturity ;
Yet it does seem to me

As if his purity
Were against sinfulness

Ample security.

Budding immortal, Thrust all amazedly

Under life's portal ; Born to a destiny

Clouded in mystery, Wisdom itself cannot

Guess at its history. Something too much of this

Timon-like croaking ; See his face wrinkle now,

Laughter-provoking ; Now he cries lustily

Bravo, my hearty one! Lungs like an orator

Cheering his party on. Look how his merry eyes

Turn to me pleadingly! Can we help loving him

Loving exceedingly? Partly with hopefulness,

Partly with fearsMine, as I look at him,

Moisten with tears. Now then to find a name ;

Where shall we search for it? Turn to his ancestry,

Or to the church for it? Shall we endow him with

Title heroic,
After some warrior,

Poet, or stoic ?
One aunty says he will

Soon" lisp in numbers,” Turning his thoughts to rhyme,

E'en in his slumbers ; Watts rhymed in babyhood

No blemish spots his fameChristen him even so ;

Young Mr. Watts, his name'

From the Knickerbocker.


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There is even a happiness
Which inakes the heart afraid.

Hoop. One more new claimant for

Human fraternity,
Swelling the flood that sweeps

On to eternity.
I who have filled the cup,

Tremble to think of it;
For be it what it may,

I must yet drink of it. Room for him into the

Ranks of humanity; Give him a place in your

Kingdom of vanity; Welcome the stranger with

Kindly affection,
Hopefully, trustfully,

Not with dejection.
See, in his waywardness,

How his fist doubles ;
Thus pugilistical

During life's troubles. Strange that the Neophyte

Enters existence
In such an attitude,

Feigning resistance.
Could he but have a glimpse

Into futurity,

NEW BOOKS. Memorials of John Bartram and Humphrey Mar

shall, with Notices of their Botanical Contemporaries. By Wm. Darlington, M. D., LL. D., &c. With Illustrations.

Dr. Darlington's new work forms a volume of nearly six hundred pages, which the publishers have issued in a very handsome manner. It consists principally of an immense number of letters, the correspondence of Bartram with Collinson, Sir Hans Sloan, Kalm, Solander, Michaux, and other celebrated botanists, as well as those which passed between Marshall and Franklin, Sir Joseph Banks, Dr. Muhlenberg, and other equally well-known

It would be superfluous to praise a work like this. Its subjects and the name of the esteemed and accomplished author will commend it to the favor of a very wide circle of readers of botanical and antiquarian tastes, who will be glad to possess such memorials of such men.--Nat. Intelligencer.


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