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been with him this St. George's feast at Windsor, and came home with him last night; and, which is more, they say, is removed, as to her bed, from her own house, to a chamber in White Hall, next to the King's own, which I am sorry to hear, though I love her much.-Vol. II., New Edition, p. 134. The course of the king's love is not, however, without eddies:
3rd of June. In the Hall to-day Dr. Pierce tells me that the Queen began to be brisk, and play like other ladies, and is quite another woman from what It may be, at any rate, the King like her the better, and forsake his two mistresses-my Lady Castlemaine and Stewart.
October 14th. My Lady Castlemaine, then, is in as great favor as ever, and the King supped with her the very first night he came from Bath, and last night, and the night before, supped with her, when there being a chine of beef to roast, and the tide rising into their kitchen, that it could not be roasted there, and the cook telling her of it, she answered, "Zounds! she must set the house on fire, but it should be roasted ;"* so it was carried to Mrs. Sarah's husband, and there it was roasted.
The queen is dangerously ill; but the attentions to Lady Castlemaine are not discontinued:
Oct. 20, 1663. This evening, at my Lord's lodgings, Mrs. Sarah talking with my wife and I how the Queene do, and how the King tends her, being so ill. She tells us that the Queene's sickness is the spotted fever; that she was as full of the spots as a leopard, which is very strange that it should be no more known, but, perhaps, it is not
And that the King do seem to take it much at heart, for that he hath wept before her; but, for all that, that he hath not missed one night since she was sick, of supping with my Lady Castlemaine, which I believe is true; for she says that her husband hath dressed the suppers every night; and I confess I saw him myself, coming through the street, dressing up a great supper to-night, which Sarah says is also for the King and her, which is a very strange thing.
Public calamities do not interfere with this
her closet is, and there stood, and saw the fine altar, ornaments, and the fryers in their habits, and the priests come in with their fine crosses, and many other fine things. I heard their musique too, which may be good, but it did not appear so to me; neither as to their manner of singing, nor was it good concord to my ears, whatever the matter was. The Queene very devout; but what pleased me best was, to see my dear Lady Castlemaine, who, though a Protestant, did wait upon the Queene to chapel. By and bye, after mass was done, a fryer, with his cowl, did rise up, and preach a sermon in Portuguese, which I not understanding, did go away, and to the King's Chapel, but that was done; and so up to the Queene's presence-chamber, where she and the king was expected to dine; but she staying at St. James', they were forced to remove the things to the King's presence, and there he dined alone; and I with Mr. Fox very finely; but I see I must not have too much of that liberty, for my honor sake only, not but that I am very well received.
There was a report of Lady Castlemaine's becoming Roman Catholic. "I heard," says Pepys, "for certain, that Lady Castlemaine is turned Papist, which the Queene for all do not much like, thinking that she do it not for conscience sake." The date of this entry is 22nd December, 1663. There is a letter from Monsieur de Lionne to Louis XIV. of this date, which says, "Le Roy d'Angleterre estant tant priè par les parents de la dame d'aporter quelque obstacle a cette action, repondit galamment, que pour l'ame des dames il ne s'en meloit point.
We have a scene in which Pepys exhibits his own character in his descriptions, not alone of the beauty, but of the dress of the ladies :
By and by, the King and Queen—the Queen, in a white laced waistcoat, and a crimson short petticoat, and her hair dressed a la negligence, mighty pretty, and the King rode hand-in-hand with her. Here was also my Lady Castlemaine, rode amongst the rest of the ladies, but the King took, methought, no notice of her; nor when she did light, did anybody press (as she seemed to expect, and staid for it) to take her down, but she was taken down by This day come news from Harwich, that the her own gentleman. She looked mighty out of Dutch fleet are all in sight, near 100 sail, great humor, and had a yellow plume in her hat, which and small, they think coming towards them, where all took notice of; and yet she is very handsome, they think they shall be able to oppose them; but but very melancholy. Nor did anybody speak to do cry out of the falling back of the seamen, few her, or she so much as smile or speak to anybody. standing by them, and those with much faintness. I followed them up into Whitehall, and into the The like they wrote from Portsmouth, and their Queene's presence, where all the ladies walked, letters this post are worth reading. Sir W. Cholm-talking and fiddling with their hats and feathers, ly came to me this day, and tells me the court is as bad as ever; that the night the Dutch burned our ships the King did sup with my Lady Castlemaine, at the Duchess of Monmouth's, and these were all mad in hunting of a poor moth. All the court afraid of a parliament; but he thinks nothing can save us but the King's giving up all to a par
In reviewing a book of this kind, it is impossible to adopt any very systematic arrangement :21st (Lord's day.) To the Parke. The Queene coming by in her coach, going to her chapel at St. James' (the first time it hath been ready for her.) I crowded after her, and I got up to the room where * Lord Sandwich's housekeeper.
and changing and trying one another's by one another's heads, and laughing, which it was the finest sight to me, considering their great beauties and dress, that ever I did see in all my life. But, above all, Mrs. Stewart in this dress, with her hat cocked, and a red plume, with her sweet eye, little Roman nose, and excellent taille, is now the greatest beauty I ever saw, I think, in my life, and, if ever woman can, do exceed my Lady Castlemaine, at least in this dress; nor do I wonder if the King changes, which I verily believe is the reason of his coldness to my Lady Castlemaine.
There are amusing stories of the jealousies * Lord Braybrooke-note in the new edition. Lord
Braybrooke gives, in an appendix, extracts from this correspondence; but the letter to which he refers is not given.
between these ladies-more amusing of their loves. | work we have several notices of the pictures of One is "how Lady Castlemaine, a few days since, | Mrs. Stewart. Of one by Cooper he tells us― had Mrs. Stewart to an entertainment, and at night" There I did see Mrs. Stewart's picture, as when began a frolique that they two must be married, a young maid, and now just done before her havand married they were, with ring and all other ing the small-pox; and it would make a man ceremonies of church service and ribbands, and weep to see what she was then, and what she is a sack-posset in bed, and flinging the stocking; like to be by people's discourse now." The lady, but in the close it is said that my Lady Castle- however, was still lucky-she escaped without the maine, who was the bridegroom, rose, and the injury that was apprehended, and reäppeared at king came and took her place." A few days court in more than her former beauty. after Pepys had first heard this story, it was told In the Diary" we have minute accounts of him again by a person likely to be acquainted with the Plague, and its gradual progress. It comes in the fact, and we have the following record::- strangely-like the measured tones of a death-bell "Pickering tells me that the story of my Lady-anong statements of every kind of frivolity and Castlemaine's and Stewart's marriage is certain, dissipation. We have the first notices of alarm and that it was in order to the king's coming to when it is known in London that it is in AmsterStewart, as is believed generally." The etiquette dam-the quarantine regulations-the gradual of the French, and it would seem of the English increase of the bills of mortality-the flight of court, was that the king's mistress should be a everybody that could leave London. In one place married woman, and hence the parody of the mar- we have him conversing on some ordinary matter riage ceremony. The Duke of York was also of business when they come close by the bearers for a while a captive to the fair Stewart's charms; with a body dead of the plague, and then follows yet, in spite of Pepys' stories, she seems to have the entry, "Lord! to see what custom is, that I escaped the snares and scandal of this abandoned am come to think nothing of it." Pepys himself court with but slight damage to her reputation. removed his family to Woolwich, and we have a When the queen was dangerously ill, and her letter from him to Lady Carteret, dated from that death appeared certain, the prevalent belief was place:that Charles intended to marry her, and there was afterwards a report that he still had the same intention, and was about to obtain a divorce from the queen. This fear, it was said, led the chancellor, Lord Clarendon, to make up a match between her and the Duke of Richmond. "I hear," says Pepys, "how the King is not so well pleased of this marriage between the Duke and Mrs. Stewart as is talked; and that the Duke by a wile did fetch her to the Beare, at the Bridgefoot, where a coach was ready, and they are stole away into Kent without the King's leave, and that the King saith he will never see her more; but people do think that it is only a trick." Again, "Pierce told us the story how in good earnest the King is offended with the Duke's marrying, and Mrs. Stewart sending the King his jewels again. As he tells it, it is the noblest romance and example of a brave lady that ever I read of in my life." An after entry tells us of the formidable enemy of beauty whose sting has been disarmed by modern science :
March 26, 1668. This noon sent to SomersetHouse to hear how the Duchess of Richmond do; and word was brought that she is pretty well, but mighty full of the small-pox, by which all do conclude that she will be wholly spoiled, which is the greatest instance of the uncertainty of beauty that could be in this age; but then she hath the benefit of it, to be first married, and to have kept it so long, under the greatest temptations in the world from a king, and yet without the least imputation.
The absence of the court and emptiness of the city takes away all occasion of news, save only such melancholy stories as would rather sadden than find your ladyship any divertisement in the hearing; I having stayed in the city till about 7,400 died in one week, and of them above 6,000 of the plague, bells; till I could walk Lumber-street, and not meet and little noise heard day nor night but tolling of twenty persons from one end to the other, and not 50 upon the Exchange; till whole families (10 and 12 together) have been swept away; till my very physician, (Dr. Burnet,) who undertook to secure me against any infection, (having survived the month of his own being shut up,) died himself of the plague; till the nights (though much lengthened) are grown too short to conceal the burials of those that died the day before, people being thereby constrained to borrow daylight for that service; lastly, till I could find neither meat nor drink safe, the butcheries being everywhere visited, my brewer's house shut up, and my baker with his whole family dead of the plague.
The death-bells did not interfere with the marriage festivals; there was marrying and giving in marriage in these as in all times, and there were all the incidents of courtship as in the days that were, and the days that will be; but the days that have passed have left no other chronicler half so observant and so amusing as Pepys. In the first volume of "The Diary," Oct. 20, 1660, we are introduced to Lady Jemima Montagu, the daughter of Pepys' patron. "I dined with my lord and lady; he was very merry, and did talk very high
how he would have a French cook, and a master It would seem, then, either that the former of his horse, and his lady and child to wear black statements of Pepys had less of truth in them than patches; which methought was strange; but he he thought at the time, or that strange miscon- is become a perfect courtier; and among other structions were given to what was but girlish things, my lady saying she could get a good mergayety and lightheartedness. Through Pepys' chant for her daughter Jem. He answered that
he would rather see her with a pedlar's pack at | were kindly received by Lady Wright and my Lord her back, so she married a gentleman, than she should marry a citizen."
Crewe. And to discourse they went, my Lord discoursing with him, asking of him questions of travIn July, 1665, we have the young lady's actual ell, which he answered well enough in a few words; but nothing to the lady from him at all. To supwedding. Happy is the wooing that is not per, and after supper to talk again, he yet taking no long a-doing." The first mention of it is on the notice of the lady. My Lord would have had me last day of the previous June. We find Pepys have consented to leaving the young people together talking of removing his wife to Woolwich, on to-night, to begin their amours, his staying being account of the plague :-" She is lately learning but to be little. But I advised against it, lest the to paint with great pleasure and success. All lady might be too much surprised. So they led him other things well, especially a new interest I am up to his chamber, where I staid a little, to know how he liked the lady, which he told he did making by a match in hand between the eldest son mightily; but, Lord! in the dullest insipid manner of Sir G. Carteret and Lady Jemima Montagu.' that ever lover did. So I bid him good night, and Pepys seems to have been the great negotiator in down to prayers with my Lord Crewe's family. this arrangement. He goes to Sir G. Carteret's 16th (Lord's Day). Having trimmed myself, "Received by my Lady Carteret and her chil-down to Mr. Carteret; and we walked in the galdren with most extraordinary kindness, and dined lery an hour or two, it being a most noble and pretty Here I most nobly. I took occasion to have much dis- house that ever, for the bigness, I saw. taught him what to do; to take the lady always by course with Mr. Philip Carteret, (the intended the hand to lead her, and telling him that I would bridegroom,) and find him a very modest man; find opportunity to leave them together, he should and I think, verily, of mighty good nature and make these and these compliments, and also take a pretty understanding." "It is mighty pretty to time to do the like to Lord Crewe and Lady Wright. think how my poor Lady Sandwich between her After I had instructed him, which he thanked me and me is doubtful whether her daughter will like for, owning that he needed my teaching him, my the match or no, and how troubled she is for fear Lord Crewe come down and family, the young lady of it, which I do not fear at all, and desire her miles off; where a pretty good sermon, and a decamong the rest; and so by coaches to church four not to do it; but her fear is the most discreet and laration of penitence of a man that had undergone pretty that ever I did see." A few days after- the church's censure for his wicked life. Thence wards we have Lady Sandwich buying things for back again by coach, Mr. Carteret having not had my Lady Jemima's wedding. This, it would the confidence to take his lady once by the hand, pear, was before the young people had actually coming or going, which I told him of when we even seen each other; but not before the Carter- come home, and he will hereafter do it. So to dinner. My Lord excellent discourse. Then to walk ets had paid all manner of attentions to the young in the gallery, and to sit down. By and by my Lalady. "Lord! to see how kind my Lady Car- dy Wright and I go out, (and then my Lord Crewe, teret is to her. Sends her most rich jewels, and he not by design,) and lastly my Lady Crewe come provides bedding and things of all sorts most richly out, and left the young people together. And a litfor her, which makes my lady [Lady Sandwich] tle pretty daughter of my Lady Wright's most inand me out of our wits almost, to see the kindness nocently come out afterwards, and shut the door to, she treats us all with, as if they would buy the as if she had done it, poor child, by inspiration; which made us without have good sport to laugh at. young lady." Such is the happy Pepys' exclamation-the same Pepys who, in speaking of 17th. Up all of us, and to billiards; my Lady another marriage a few days before, describes Wright, Mr. Carteret, myself, and everybody. By "the father-in-law and husband contracting for and by the young couple left together. Anon to the bride, though a pretty woman, as if they had dinner; and after dinner Mr. Carteret took my adbeen buying a horse." The account of the court-vice about giving to the servants £10 among them. ship is so peculiar and so amusing, that we must give the entries as we find them :
July 14th, 1665. I by water to Sir G. Carteret's, and there find my Lady Sandwich buying things for my Lady Jem's wedding; and my Lady Jem is beyond expectation come to Dagenhams, where Mr. Carteret is to go to visit her to-morrow; proposal of waiting on him, he being to go alone to so I go with him. But, Lord! to see how kind my all persons strangers to him, was well accepted, and Lady Carteret is to her! Sends her most rich jewels, and provides bedding and things of all sorts most richly for her.
15. Mr. Carteret and I to the ferry-place at Greenwich, and there staid an hour crossing the water to and again to get our coach and horses over; and by and by set out, and so towards Dagenhams. But, Lord! what silly discourse we had as to lovematters, he being the most awkerd man ever I met with in my life as to that business. Thither we come, and by that time it begun to be dark, and
Before we went, I took my Lady Jem. apart, and
She answered that
But, Lord! to see how all these great people been there, so I was forced to say that I lived wholly here are afraid of London, being doubtful of everything that comes from thence, or that have lately at Woolwich. So anon took leave, and for London.
"Lady Jemima hath carried herself with mighty discretion and gravity, not being forward at all in any degree, but mighty serious in her answers. The young man could not he got to say one word before me or Lady Sandwich of his adventures; but, by what he afterwards relates to his father and mother and sisters, he gives an account that pleases them mightily. All their care now is to
have the business ended, and they have reason, |rical acquaintances, some of whom his wife did
because the sickness puts all out of order, and they cannot safely stay where they are."
The day of the very marriage comes-the 31st of July. Pepys is" up and very betimes at Deptford, and there finds Sir G. Carteret and my lady ready to go." Pepys is in his glory," Being," he says, “in my new colored silk vest and coat, trimmed with gold buttons, and gold broad lace round my hands, very rich and fine.”
There is unluckily, however, some blundering about the ferry and the coach that is to meet them —wind and tide will not wait, or vary their courses to gratify impatient people, and the canonical hours will be soon over. What is Pepys to do? There is great danger that the young people will be married before he can come, and that they will not see his new coat-he, too, will not see their dresses. Pepys' party have the license and the wedding-ring-it is sent on-they at last have crossed the ferry, and drive hard with six horses; they are, however, only in time to meet the bridal party returning from church," which troubled us, but however that trouble was soon over, hearing it was well done, they both being in their old clothes, my Lord Crewe giving her, there being three coachfuls of them." In their old clothes!" What an incident for the son of the old tailor to record! "In their old clothes!" We are tempted to lay down the record. The fact is, Pepys himself was the only one of the company worth looking at. "The young lady mighty sad, which troubled me; but yet I think it was her gravity in a little greater degree than usual."
not altogether approve of, we must find or make other opportunities of introducing our readers. We must see him at his excellent dinners-we must assist at his philosophical soirées-we must go with him to his office, and witness him, in spite of all his frivolities, the best man of business of his time. The period that followed the Commonwealth, and preceded the Revolution, is that of all English history which is best worth studying; and the "Diary" of the annalist whose work we have been examining, does more to explain the second fall of the Stuarts than all the state documents of the period put together. A dissolute and dishonest government England will not long endure.
THE Detroit Commercial Bulletin gives a description of an invention by Mr. A. A. Wilder, for ascertaining the leeway of a vessel as correctly as the variations of the wind are at present ascertained by a vain and a dial on shore. It consists of a tube four inches in diameter, running down from the binnacle of a vessel to the keel, through which passes a rod, and to which is attached, immediately under the keel, a vane, about eight inches deep and two feet long. This being in dense water, is sure to be operated upon by any leeway the vessel may make; indicated by the needle at the top of the rod, placed upon a plate on which the degrees are marked, situated between the two compasses in the
I, the undersigned, having learned to-day only, by the Giornal Romano, that my "Discours pour les Morte de Vienne," pronounced and printed at Rome at the end of November, 1848, has been placed among the number of prohibited works; knowing what the church has a right to expect from an obedient child in such a case, particularly if he is an ecclesiastic; deeming myself obliged to give an example of perfect obedience to the judgment of the Apostolic See; having always declared that I desired to subject all my writings to the sovereign pontiff, and being anxious to prove the truth of such declaration, without being constrained or counselled by any one, but yielding solely to the sentiments which are suited to every true Catholic, I here freely, and of my own movement, declare that I fully except the said decree of condemnation against the writing mentioned above, without restriction or reservation.
THE following is an act of submission addressed by the Pére Ventura to the Archbishop of Paris; All saluted her, but I did not till my Lady Sand-it relates to a letter of the good father which was wich did ask me whether I had saluted her or no. published in the Living Age. So to dinner, and very merry we were; but in such a sober way as never almost anything was in so great families; but it was much better. After dinner company divided, some to cards, others to talk. My Lady Sandwich and I up to settle accounts, and pay her some money. And mighty kind she is to me, and would fain have had ne gone down for company with her to Hinchinbroke; but for my life I cannot. At night to supper, and so to talk; and which, methought, was the most extraordinary thing, all of us to prayers as usual, and the young bride and bridegroom too. And so after prayers, soberly to bed; only I got into the bridegroom's chamber while he undressed himself, and there was very merry, till he was called to the bride's chamber, and into bed they went. I kissed the bride in bed, and so the curtaines drawne with the greatest gravity that could be, and so good night. But the modesty and gravity of this business was so decent, that it was to me indeed ten times more delightful than if it had been twenty times more merry and jovial. Thus I ended this month with the greatest joy that ever I did any in my life, because I have spent the greatest part of it with abundance of joy, and honor, and pleasant journeys, and brave entertainments, and without cost of money; and at last live to see the business ended with great content on
But we must lay down this pleasant book-the very pleasantest almost that we have ever taken up. To Pepys himself, to his wife, to his theat
Furthermore, I regret and condemn all and every of the doctrines, maxims, expressions, and words that in that writing, or in any other of mine, have been found, or may be found, in contradiction to the tenets of the Holy Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Church. Finally, I declare that I hope, with the aid of divine grace, to die in that holy church in which I was born, and in which I have lived, ready for that object to endure everything and make every sacrifice.
Of the order of the regular Theatin clerks. Montpellier, Sept. 8.
SCENES FROM THE LIFE OF AN UNPROTECTED FEMALE.
SCENE I.-Blisworth Station. The north train
Station-Master (pulling her back.) No, ma'am.
Unprotected Female. Two boxes-two casesfour parcels-and two little-Oh! That's my carriage, I'm certain.
[Darts after Young Gentleman carrying bag. Unprotected Female (to Elderly Gent.) Are you a guard?
[Rushes to a carriage, and plunges under seat. Commercial Traveller does the same-their heads come into violent contact.
Commercial Traveller. Confound
Unprotected Female. No, it is n't-and two little
Porter (ringing bell.) .Now then. London-Lon
Unprotected Female. Oh, where, where?
Unprotected Female. London, sir?
Porter. Peterborough Line, or Lincoln Line, or Birmingham Line, ma'am? Euston Square or Shoreditch? Now, look sharp!
Unprotected Female (gradually going distracted.) Oh, I don't know!
Elderly Gent. (from train in motion, stretching Elderly Gent. Go to the dev-(turns and recog-wildly from carriage.) Hollo! That's my bag on nizes Female.) No-my trunk-my trunk! [Rushes wildly in two directions after two parties. Struggle.
Guard (shutting door violently.) All right! Unprotected Female (wildly.) My luggage-Oh, dear! my little boys!-Oh-do-somebody! Station-Master. Lost little boys? Here, quick
Unprotected Female. Oh! somebody-(Train begins to move. Screams.) Stop! I'm going on! (Is about to tumble under wheels, is stopped by Por--lots of little lost boys hereter.) Oh-do we change?
Porter (to Elderly Gent.) Yon 's your trainThere, ma'am. (Points to Lincoln train. Old Gent. rushes towards it.) No-not yourn, sir:this here lady's: that 's yourn. (To Elderly Gent., pointing to Peterborough train. Unprotected Female rushes towards it.) No, no, ma'am. T' other side
Unprotected Female. There 's my bag in the carriage. Oh, dear! dear!
Porter. Which carriage? Stout Clergyman. This quick! [Porter goes towards it. Unprotected Female. No-no-That 's his-Oh, where 's mine? Oh, dear!Station-Master. Now, ma'am, look sharp. South
train going on.
[Rushes into lost luggage department, followed by Unprotected Female.
Here you are!
[Produces several little boys. Unprotected Female. Oh, no-I 'm not. Oh, Johnny! Oh, Billy! and my boxes! [Bell outside, and voice, "Now then, Peterborough train south."
Unprotected Female (passionately adjuring Station-Master.) Oh, do-sir-put me in someStation-Master. This way-not a minute to spare -forward the babies-here-(Shoves Unprotectea Female into carriage.) York train!-all right! [Shuts door violently. Unprotected Female (screaming from window.) But I'm going to London! Guard. All right.
[Train moves on-general confusion Tableau-Scene closes.