Page images
[blocks in formation]

Athenæum:-"These ballads are spirited and stirring: such are 'The Fall of Harald Hardrada,'' Old Benbow, Marston Moor,' and 'Corporal

LIVES of the SAINTS. By the Rev. John the soldier's name for the famous Duke of Marlborough, which is

8. BARING-GOULD, M.A. A New Edition, with several Hundred Illustrations.

Vol. XVI. will contain a COMPLETE INDEX.

Vol. XVII. SAINTS with their EMBLEMS.

a specially good ballad. Queen Eleanor's Vengeance' is a vividly told story. Coming to more modern times. The Deeds of Wellington,' Inkerman,' and 'Balaklava' are excellently well said and sung. As a book of ballads, interesting to all who have British blood in their veins, Dr. Bennett's contribution will be welcome. Dr. Bennett's Ballads will leave a strong impression on the memory of those who read them."


The GOLDEN LIBRARY.-Square 16mo. cloth, 28.

Crown 8vo. cloth, 58.

they are Distinguished in Works of Art. By the late Very Rev. F. C. HUSENBETH, D.D. A New Edition, with numerous Corrections and Additions, by the Rev. AU- PROMETHEUS the FIRE-GIVER, an Attempted GUSTUS JESSOPP, D.D. Forming the Seventeenth and Last Volume of Mr. Baring-Gould's Lives of the Saints.'

[blocks in formation]

CRYPHAL SCRIPTURES. Being the Additions to the

Restoration of the Lost First Part of the Trilogy of Eschylus.
CHATTO & WINDUS, Piccadilly.

Old Testament Canon which were included in the Ancient NOTES

Greek and Latin Versions; the English Text of the Authorized Version, together with the Additional Matter found in the Vulgate and other Ancient Versions; Introductions to the several Books and Fragments; Marginal Notes and References; and a General Introduction to the Apocrypha. By the Rev. W. R. CHURTON, B.D., Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, Canon of the Cathedral of St. Albans, and Examining Chaplain of the Bishop. Large post 8vo. pp. 608, cloth, 78. 6d.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

The Volume, JANUARY to JUNE, 1892,

18. 3d.

With the Index,

Price 10s. 6d., is NOW READY.

The Index separately, price 6d.; by post,
Also Cases for Binding, price 18.; by post,

Published by JOHN C. FRANCIS,
Bream's Buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C.

Now ready, price 68.




Vols. I. to XII. 1886 to 1891.

(Two Vols. in each Year.)

Published by JOHN C. FRANCIS,
Bream's-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C.


CONTENT 8.-N° 35.

NOTES:-Teague, 161-Tomb of Maximilian, 162-Spranger Barry-Robert Ker-Shelley-First Edition of Burns, 163 -A Word of Power Patrick Colquhoun-Burns and Coleridge, 164- Two Noble Kinsmen-Hungarian Literature Sir James Graham - - Bonaparte, 165-Allhallows Barking-Marriages of Lord Wm. Godolphin Osborne, 166. QUERIES:- Don Quixote'-Charles Montague - Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment-Simile in Tennyson-Twyford-Folk-lore, 166-County-Mary, Queen of Scots Scotch Militia Regiments-Author Wanted-History of the Reign of George III.'- Aspinwall-County History of Essex-Right Re-entered'-Nief-Washington's English Ancestry-Traditional Songs, 167-Heraldic "The Fox"-Name of the Queen-Paul Verlaine: Viaud

-"Rumpus"-J. Spencer-Authors Wanted, 168. REPLIES:-Couplet, 168 - Soul: Soal-Edward VI. Chicket-Musical Case, 169-Lincoln's Inn GatewayLead Hall"Jack come up and kiss me"-Misapplied Proverbs-Rev. S. Dean-Tennyson and Churton Collins, 170-Lost Locket - Hogarth-Bishop Patrick-Suffolk Pedigrees-Lays of Past Days'-Hannah Snell, 171-An Old New Song "-Scott's Burial-Inscription at Earl Soham-Source of Motto, 172-The Nile-Salisbury Burial Entry-Nares-Queen Anne of Denmark - "Courage of one's opinions," 173- Review of Reviews' - Southern Regiment of Fencibles -"Bone said "-J. ElphinstonFirst Editions, 174-Indian Folk-lore-Broad Stone-Execution of Earl Ferrers-Villa: Sims-Cerveng-Leucomb, 175-Eylebourn-Song of Malbrough'-Precocious Artist -Tallies-Portrait of George III., 176-Potato-buryTouching with the Sceptre-Swanswick Yele-Exmoor Forest-Sedilia, 177-Nicholls: Brontë-G. C. BedfordMarie Christine of Spain-Liston-Hell Fire Club, 178— Authors Wanted, 179.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

In the seventeenth century this name was evidently used as a contemptuous appellation for an Irishman. Thackeray, in Esmond,' puts the following into the mouth of his beauteous jilt, Miss Beatrix: "I heard this Mr. Swift sneering at my Lord Duke of Marlborough's courage the other day. He that Teague from Dublin" (book iii. chap. ii.). Again, in the famous "Lilli burlero" ballad (as irresistible in its day as "Ta-ra-ra Boomde-ay" is in ours), the name appears :—

Ho, broder Teague, dost hear de decree?
Lilli burlero, bullen a la.
Dat we shall have a new deputie,
Lilli burlero, bullen a la.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

"In this little poem," writes Lord Macaulay, "an Irishman congratulates a brother Irishman, in a barbarous jargon, on the approaching triumph of Popery and of the Milesian race ("History of England'). Johnson, in his 'Dictionary, gives Teague as a name of contempt for an Irishman." In W. Davenport Adams's 'Dictionary of English Literature' Teague is described as an amusing Irish servant in Sir Robert Howard's 'Committee." The reference is a little misleading. Teague does not make his dramatic début in The Committee,' but in Farquhar's comedy The Twin Rivals.' In his more notable work 'The Beaux' Strata

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

gem' Farquhar uses the name in the typical sense to accent the nationality of the character: "A downright Teague" (Act III. sc. ii.). The Irish servant in The Committee' is ycleped Teg (probably an abbreviation of Teague); in no place throughout the work is he called Teague. Teg is interesting as an early introduction of the typical Irish character on the English stage. He possesses all those hackneyed traits and qualities which have been associated with the son of Erin in fiction and on the stage. Witty, evasive in reply, light hearted, lazy, impecunious, devoted, revengeful, and superstitious, fond of expletives and whiskey, Teg is well sketched by Howard. An extract will illustrate this. He introduces himself to Col. Careless :

Teg. A poor Irishman, and Christ save me, and save you all; I pr'ythee give me Six-pence, gad Mastero. C. Car. Sixpence? I see thou would'st not lose anything for want of asking. there's a Groat for thy confidence. Here, I am pretty near; Teg. By my troth it is too little.

C. Car. Troth, like enough; how long hast thou been in England?

Teg. Ever since I came hither i' faith.

C. Cur. That's true. What hast thou done since thou cam'st into England?

Teg. Served God and St. Patrick, and my good sweet
King, and my good sweet Master; yes indeed.
C. Car. And what dost thou do now?

Teg. Cry for them every day upon my Soul.
C. Car. Why where 's thy Master?

Teg. He's dead Mastero. and left poor Teg; upon my Soul, he never served poor Teg so before.

C. Car. Poor fellow, I pity him; I fancy he's simply honest; Hast thou any Trade?

Teg. Bo, bub bub bo, a Trade, a Trade an Irishman a Trade! an Irishman scorns a Trade, that he does; I will run for thee forty miles; but I scorn to have a Trade.-Act I, scene i.

Farquhar, an Irishman himself, was not happy in his creation of Irish character, while his attempts at producing the brogue are simply atrocious. "O maishter, dere ish a dam way of distance, and a deel bit between"; "Fet dere ish no dreaming in the cashe; I'm sure the croon pieceish are awake, for I have been taaking with dem dish half hour," are extracts from 'The Twin Rivals.' Whether through ignorance, or impotence to pen phonetically a difficult idiom, or whether the brogue has been modified and improved by the passage of centuries, it is certain the specimens here sampled do not at the present day correctly express the phraseology and speech of the Irish peasantry. The dramatist, while campaigning in the Low Country, may have caught the broken English of some language-grasping Dutchman, and so unwittingly perpetrated this linguistic fraud on his Thespian patrons.

Teague is still in currency as a Christian name in the Western portions of Ireland. The contempt which Johnson attaches to it was possibly due to its use as a sobriquet for a typical Irishman. Was the name adopted because of its common use

among the aboriginal Irish in the seventeenth
century, or because some notorious character or
creation was associated with it? When did it
give place to Patrick, or Pat, as the national
designation? Ben Jonson, in 'The Irish Masque,'
names his four Hibernian characters Dennise,
Donnell, Dermock, and Patrick, but he gives
no special prominence to the last. In a volume
of Miscellanies in Prose and Verse,' reprinted
in Dublin, 1733, there is a copy of a letter
to the Intelligencer, in which the writer speaks
of the three islands as three sons of one father,
naming them George, Patrick, and Andrew,
after the respective patron saints of England,
Ireland, and Scotland. Of St. Patrick's spon-
sorial right to furnish a typical race name to
the people and country he loved so well there can
be no question; one, indeed, might demur at the
burlesque usage of a name so revered, but it would
be of little avail. Patrick has a national character
significance which it will not soon lose. Teague
had for a time the same distinction. Can any
contributor to N. & Q.' tell how it acquired and
lost it?


[A second part of "Lilli Burlero, Bullen a la," with a further reference to Teague, is in Poems on Affairs of State,' vol. iii. p. 207.]

(See 8th S. ii. 81.)

am, of course, not ignorant that the origin of the
fleurs de lis of France was traced by some fanci-
ful writers to the entirely mythical coat which here
appears on the dexter side of the shield. But the
supposition that a shield bearing this impalement
is an 66
accurate" representation of the arms which
were borne, I will not say by Clovis, but by any
of his successors, is not one that I should expect
to have the approval of Chester Herald.

2. Philip I. (of Austria), King of Spain.Quarterly, 1, Castile, Gules, a castle or, impaling Austria - modern, Gules, a fess argent. 2, Tierced in pale, (a) Leon, Argent, a lion rampant gules; (b) Arragon, Or, four pallets gules; (c) Sicily, Per saltire, in chief and base Arragon, in both flanks Argent, an eagle displayed sable. 3. Tierced in pale, (a) Burgundy-modern, Azure, three fleurs de lis or, a bordure compony argent and gules; (b) Burgundy-ancient, Bendy of six or and azure, a bordure gules; (c) Brabant (?), Sable, a lion rampant or.-The whole enté en point of Granada, Argent, a pomegranate open proper. The escutcheon of Flanders, Or, a lion rampant sable, impaling Tyrol, Argent, an eagle displayed gules, occupies the centre point of the shield.

3. Rudolf of Hapsburg, Emperor. Per pale, (A) Or, an eagle (single headed) displayed sable, as King of the Romans; on its breast the shield of Austria-ancient, Azure, five alerions displayed or. (B) Quarterly, 1, Austria-modern; 2, Styria, Vert, a griffin rampant argent, inflamed proper; 3, Hapsburg, Or, a lion rampant gules, crowned azure; 4, Upper Elsass, Gules, a bend argent between six open crowns, those in base inverted or.-This is an arrangement of arms of which I can confidently affirm that the emperor himself never used it.

If MR. H. MURRAY LANE will consult the General Index to the Sixth Series he will find that he has been anticipated in his suggestion that the effigy styled "Artur, Konig v. England" may be intended for Arthur, Prince of Wales, the son of Henry VII. I am not able to see how this splendid series of real and mythical ancestors, which 4. Albert I., Emperor. Per pale, (A) Or, an includes Clovis, Godfrey de Bouillon, Theodoric, eagle displayed sable, on its breast Hapsburg. and Theodobert, can be fitly described as "the (B) Per fess, 1, Suabia, Or, three lions passant group of friends and relations surrounding the great in pale sable; 2, (Upper Elsass?......a bend......). emperor's monumental shrine," nor can I pass,This is wrongly attributed by Baedeker. without expressing a modest dissent, the proposi- 5. Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths. The tion that "the heraldry on the surrounding shields [is] accurately and carefully depicted."

When I was last in Innsbruck, in 1890, I made a note of the statues and of the arms that they bear, and the revival of the subject by MR. MURRAY LANE induces me to think that the substance of this note may be of interest to the readers of 'N. & Q.' I supply to the quarterings their names and tinctures. The series consists of twenty-eight statues, as follows. On the right hand, going from west to east (liturgically):

1. Clovis. The arms are: Per pale, (a)......three frogs......; (b) Azure, three fleurs de lis or.-At the very outset, therefore, we have a shield of arms, which, however careful its workmanship, has obviously no pretensions whatever to accuracy.


shield bears a fess (presumably the coat is that of Austria-modern) and over the whole field a demiman (a king in armour holding a sword). It need hardly be said that this, too, is a mere invention of the artist.

6. Ernest, Duke of Austria and Styria, father of the Emperor Frederick. Per pale, (A) Quarterly, Austria-modern, and Austria-ancient; over all Hapsburg. (B) Quarterly, 1, Suabia; 2, Upper Elsass; 3, Carniola, Argent, an eagle displayed azure, on its breast a crescent chequy gules and of the first; 4, Carinthia, Austria - modern, impaling Suabia. Over all Tyrol, and in the fess point a shield bearing a lion rampant, probably for Flanders.-All the three escucheons borne en surtout thus appear on the fess line.

7. Theodobert of Burgundy. Per pale, (A) Per fess, (a)......Paly of six......; (b)......a crown. (B)......a lion rampant crowned. -This is a fancy coat, like No. 5.

8. Arthur, King of England. On this my note in 1890 is that "the quartered shield of France and England, originally interposed between the right hand of the statue and its base, is now wrongly attached to No. 14,' and a photograph which I have shows the statue No. 8 without a shield. The surcoat, as a memorial of Arthur Pendragon, is semé of small dragons, and the collar of the Golden Fleece hangs around the neck of the prince. There may have been an intentional confusion of the two Arthurs; but I must point out that Arthur, Prince of Wales, was not a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. I conclude from MR. MURRAY LANE's note that the shield has been put back to its proper place since my visit. 9. Sigismund, Archduke of Austria. Per pale, (A) Quarterly, Austria - modern, and Austriaancient; over all Hapsburg. (B) (Probably Tyrol) a single eagle displayed and crowned.

10. Bianca Maria, second wife of Maximilian.
Quarterly, 1, Austria-modern; 2, Styria; 3, Upper
Elsass; 4, Carniola. Over all Visconti, Argent,
a guivre erect wavy azure, vorant a child gules.
11. Margaret of Austria, daughter of Maxi-
milian.-Baedeker (1888) wrongly says "their
daughter," but Bianca was not her mother.

12. Zimburga of Massau (wife of No. 6).
13. Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.

These three have no shields of arms.

14. Philip le Bon, Duke of Burgundy. To this statue, as noted above, the quartered shield of France and England was wrongly attached at the time of my visit in 1890. That it was so done mistakenly was evident, for the surcoat of the statue is charged with the arms of Burgundy. I forget if the name was engraved on the base of the


I must leave the description of the heraldry of the other series for another opportunity; but it will be evident from the above that, beautiful as the statues are as works of art, they are as little to be trusted from a heraldic point of view as they are in matters of costume or of armour.


JOHN WOODWArd, LL.D. (To be continued.)


such gifted sons of Thespis looked; but how the finest of them all, the beau-ideal of an Othello and RomeoBarry-escaped the notice of the artist, is inconceivable; for we have not a likeness of this elegant and accomplished actor in existence."

Lest any one in the future should be led astray by this audacious statement, it may be as well to point out that an excellent engraving of Barry as Alexander (Act II. sc. i.)-suggestive in no slight measure of the majesty and grandeur of his acting-is to be found in the Hibernian Magazine for June, 1775. The actor, it will be remembered, died two years afterwards. W. J. LAWRENCE.


ROBERT KER, FIRST EARL OF ANCRUM.-By way of addition to the article on this nobleman given in the Dictionary of National Biography may be mentioned that he was the "Sir Robert Carre, Knt.," who sat as M.P. for Aylesbury from January to March, 1624/5, and also in the Parliament of 1625. To the Parliament of 1628-29 he was returned by both Lostwithiel, in Cornwall, and Preston, in Lancashire, but preferred to sit for the northern constituency. He was knighted at Hampton Court, December 23, 1607, not at the coronation of King James, as generally thought. He was admitted a student of Gray's Inn July 10, 1622, being then described as "Robert Carr, Knight, one of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to Prince Charles, and Treasurer of the Privy Chamber" (Foster's 'Register'). His son Charles, afterwards second Earl of Ancrum, was the "Charles, Lord Carr," who represented St. Michael's in the Long Parliament from 1647 till secluded in December, 1648. After the Restoration he sat for Thirsk, July to December, 1660, and for Wigan, W. D. PINK. 1661 to 1687.

SHELLEY.-There is an article in praise and defence of Shelley in the Oxford University MagaD. A. Talboys, Oxford. zine, No. 1, March, 1834, pp. 3–15, published by W. C. B.

FIRST EDITION OF BURNS'S POEMS. (See 7th S. vi. 146, 275.)-The following cutting from the Daily News of January 5 records the sentence passed on the preceding day by Sir Paul Edlin, Q.C., at the City of London Sessions, upon a man for stealing a copy of this work. The first edition of it, consisting of six hundred and twelve copies, was published at Kilmarnock in 1786, and it certainly seems to have gone up in value remarkRe-ably, as it was originally issued at the small price of half-a-crown:

PORTRAITS OF SPRANGER BARRY. — Under "Spranger Barry," in that capital anthology presentative Actors,' I note that Mr. W. Clark Russell cites the following passage from Donaldson's 'Recollections,' without the moderating footnote which generally accompanies any misstatement of fact throughout the book:

"The splendid paintings and engravings extant of bygone actors give the present generation an idea of how

[blocks in formation]

were apprised of the fact, with the result that the prisoner was apprehended when trying to dispose of the book at Exmouth for 201. It was stated by Mr. Sotheran in his evidence that a first edition of Shakespeare and an early one of 'Seneca' were missed at the time that the Burns was stolen. They had since been traced to New York, but had been returned to the firm in consideration of the cost price. The learned Chairman, having examined the Burns, gave it back to the owner, who at once put it in the inner breast pocket of his coat, which

he carefully buttoned up. The prisoner, it appeared, had been previously convicted of a robbery of jewellery from Messrs. Dent's, where he was employed, and had been sentenced to twenty months' imprisonment. It was also made clear that he was well aware of the value of books, having been employed at Bedford's, the bookbinder's. The Chairman said that, under the circumstances, he could not sentence him to a less term of imprisonment than twelve months."

they rolled in the dust; they howled and wept; finally, with one consent, they ran; they ran as if the devil was after them. What happened to them afterwards is not known, because my friends thought it would be safer to appear no more in that neighbourhood, and to make no further inquiries. One is pained, however, to think of the wholesale misery which may have been brought into so many innocent families just by the reckless use of this abominable word."

So Mr. Walter Besant writes in his columns, The Voice of the Flying Day,' in the Queen, July 16. If the Turks know le mot de l'énigme, the Arabs and Anatolians know it, and perhaps the Kurds and Persians and Beloochees likewise, it is hardly likely that Mr. Besant and "one other living man" are the only Occidentals who have it in their possible vocabulary. Perhaps it might be communicated innocuously in print by some correspondent of 'N. & Q.' for the benefit of folk-lorers here and of Charity Organizers on their travels. ST. SWITHIN.

PATRICK COLQUHOUN, LL.D. (1745-1820).— He was elected during three successive years Lord Provost of Glasgow, and founded in that city the Chamber of Commerce, the Royal Exchange Tontine, &c., and essentially promoted the trade and manufactures of Scotland. Dr. Colquhoun was Deputy Lieutenant for Middlesex, and for twentyfive years a magistrate of that and the adjoining counties. He originated and gratuitously carried into effect the Marine Police, and with unceasing energy suggested and promoted various plans for the prevention of crime, for the supply of food during scarcities, for the amelioration of the condays-dition of the poor, and for the education of their children. On the declared ground of his public character and service, the free Hanseatic republics of Lubeck, Bremen, and Hamburg constituted him their resident and consul-general, and the colonies of St. Vincent, Nevis, Dominica, and the Virgin Islands their agent in this country. Dr. Colquhoun, who was for many years a magistrate at the Police Court, Queen Square, Westminster, published several highly useful and important works on political economy and current social questions. He was born at Dumbarton on March 14, 1745, O.S., and died at his house, 31, James Street, Buckingham Gate, London, on April 25, 1820. A monument, consisting of a large tablet ornamented with a relievo of a hive and emblems of Justice and Commerce, was erected to his memory in the south aisle of the chancel of St. Margaret's Church, Westminster. This note will serve to direct attention to the unaccountable omission of Dr. Colquhoun's name from the 'Dictionary of National Biography.' DANIEL HIPWELL.

It would indeed be worth while for some bibliophile to set off on an expedition to Scotland in quest of a cheap copy of this scarce and valuable book. Surely one would think that it might be met with at some old bookstall or book-box, or on the shelf of some cottage such as Burns has depicted in his 'Cottar's Saturday Night,' or in some farmhouse, perhaps, in the northern part of Scotland or in Orkney. "And then, Mr. Lovel," as says Jonathan Oldbuck, of Monkbarns,— "the sly satisfaction with which one pays the consideration and pockets the article, affecting a cold indifference while the hand is trembling with pleasure."-Antiquary,' chap. iii. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. A WORD OF Power."Everybody knows that there are unlucky fortunately, very few people know what they are, other wise half the work in the world would never be done. Everybody knows that there are unlucky signs and things which it is unlucky to do. Readers of good old Plutarch will remember that armies just about to march were ordered to remain where they were because signs of bad luck had been seen. But has anybody ever heard of an unlucky word? I mean not a tabooed word, the prohibition of which ceases after a time, but a word always, permanently, eternally unlucky, which must not be pronounced or uttered by anybody on any account whatever; to utter which is certain to bring disaster upon every person who hears it, and will most likely prove disastrous to the utterer or speaker of it. There is such a word. It is known in the East; the Turks know Had the late General Skobeleff known it he would have taken Plevna without loss of a single Muscovit, merely by shouting the word into the ears of the Turkish soldiers; the Arabs know it; the people of Anatolia know it; perhaps the Kurds and the Persians and the Beloochees know it. And I know it. One other living man there is who knows it. Neither of us dares to utter that word. The last time it was spoken was for frivolous or, at least, inadequate motives. It was in the Mosque of St. Sophia, Constantinople. The people there had been taking round two English travellers who knew the word. They became importunate for money. Then one of the English travellers, not being able to shake them off, slowly turned, and loudly, plainly, so that there should be no possible error, uttered the awful word. The natives fell back appalled they tore off their turbans;


[ocr errors]

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

BURNS AND COLERIDGE.-If the following coincidence has not already been noted, it is sufficiently remarkable to arrest the attention now, when the

« PreviousContinue »