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in my young mind than did that of Chancellor W. D. has access to the British Museum, and will Eldon in his court within, though he looked some- refer to Add. MS. 33,412, he will see the extensive what awful too, but then so much less picturesque.labours of the late Rev. Fred. Browne, of BeckenIt will be a sad vandalism to doom to destruction ham, Kent, on this family, than which nothing, yet another of the few remaining memorials that scarcely, can be fuller, as the collection consists of still serve to link the past ages of our national pedigrees, wills, Chancery suits, inquisitions, &c., life with the present-a linking more absolutely concerning this family for many generations. essential to any truly civilizing progress than many I believe the late Canon Jackson's investigations progress-mongers seem to comprehend. on the Hungerford family are inaccessible at present. E. A. FRY. 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham.

As for machicolations, the notion is grotesque. Why not a portcullis ?

But the mention of such things reminds me that I cannot say "Ditto" to MR. WARD's dictum to the effect that a man must be an architect who uses such a word. I am neither an architect nor the son of an architect, but the word has been one in common use with me for over seventy years. T. ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE.

Budleigh Salterton.

The kind of corbelling that I called machicolation was never peculiarly military, for "missiles to be showered," but merely the simplest way of supporting upper prominent stories, and may be seen in all architecture, I believe, except classic. The particular balcony I had in view was one projecting eastward from Salisbury Close wall, with no perforations for missiles. They might be made, but never were. The gateway would remain as "interesting and highly characteristic" as at present, every one seeing that the towers originally started from the ground, but are suppressed for the thoroughfare's sake. Sinfully hideous it may be, but we have to tolerate it. The most serious mischief of the "jerry apprentice" (Lord Grimthorpe, I believe) has been in obliging the gateway, towers and all, to be raised many feet to overtop the new works.


E. L. G.

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THUNDERSTORM IN WINTER (7th S. xii. 87, 110, 157, 352; 8th S. i. 78, 216, 504; ii. 37).-As an historical instance the following may be interesting:

"The 1st of February, in the year 1444, about two of the clock in the afternoon, the eteeple of Paules was fired the west side and on the south; but by labour of many by lightning, in the midst of the shaft or spire, both on well-disposed people the same to appearance was quenched with vinegar, so that all men withdrew themselves to their houses, praising God; but between eight and nine of the clock in the same night the fire burst out again lead and timber, till by the great labour of the mayor more fervently than before, and did much hurt to the and people that came thither it was thoroughly quenched." -Stow's Survey of London,' ed. Thoms, 1842, p. 122. The attempted extinction of the fire by vinegar is an amusing detail. It is not the first instance of celebrity given to that liquid, as readers of Livy's twenty-first book know.


HUNGERFORD: AUDLEY (8th S. ii. 268).-The children of Anthony Hungerford, of Farleigh, were Sir Edward (the spendthrift), Anthony, Giles, and eight daughters, one of whom, Sarah, married Sir John Carew. Sir Edward married three times, "ULLORXAL" (8th S. ii. 268, 298).—It seems and had four sons, only one of whom, Edward, had that the late DR. BRINSLEY NICHOLSON, "soundest issue, a son, also named Edward, who died young. of Shakespearian critics," uses this "monstrously This virtually ended the descent of the Hunger-uneuphonious" word in the pages of his own book fords of Farley, as Sir Edward's brothers Anthony and Giles had no issue.

The children of Sir George Hungerford, of Cadenham, were George, Thomas, Walter, Ducie, and three daughters. Ducie had issue George, who in his turn had an only daughter, who was the last of the Cadenham branch, for Ducie's brothers George, Thomas, and Walter had no issue. A descendant of one of Sir George's daughters took the name of Hungerford in 1789.

The above is just a bare outline of the descents of Anthony and Sir George Hungerford; but if W. D. will communicate with me I shall be happy to lend him a pedigree of the Hungerford family; or if

and in those of N. & Q.,' pages not usually
credited with bad English. It brings a natural
query from MR. E. WALFORD, a scholar and an
old contributor. MR. HOLCOMBE INGLEBY OCCU-
pies twenty lines in giving an answer which ends
with a fling at the N. E. D.' The answer was
necessary, the fling was not. In time to come
many a reader may, like MR. WALFORD, be
puzzled by ullorxal. Why should not that word
have two lines in the 'Dictionary' which needs
half a column of ' N. & Q.'?
W. C. B.

PORTRAIT OF GEORGE III. (8th S. ii. 45, 75, 110, 139, 176, 216, 275).—It would be interesting to

know under what conditions Sir Joshua Reynolds painted the portrait ascribed to him of George III., at present in the Guildhall, Worcester. All that artist's biographers are agreed that his Majesty never gave him a voluntary commission after he became king, merely sitting to the President for his portrait in coronation robes in deference to the wish of the Royal Academy, who desired that their Majesties' portraits should decorate their new rooms. Northcote and Leslie and Taylor have already been quoted on the point, and Pilkington is even stronger, for, writing in 1798 (only six years after the death of Sir Joshua, and eight years after the picture was received at Worcester), he


"What a pity that his present Majesty, who pretends to some little knowledge in painting, should be so fascinated by high finishing, fan painting, the smooth Birmingham waiter glare, the pigmy efforts of art, as to be totally unaffected by the powers of those giants Reynolds and Wilson as to proscribe the broad and vigorous efforts of their pencils, and forbid their works an entrance into his palaces."

first mention of his name as residing in St. James's
Square, when he went to live at No. 8, corner of
In 1854 he removed to No. 23,
York Street.
corner of Charles Street, now No. 33, where his
It was at this house that, on
son still resides.
May 20, 1860, a large and memorable deputation
waited on Lord Derby for the purpose of present-
ing a memorial against the course he proposed to
take in opposing the second reading of the Paper
Duty Repeal Bill in the House of Lords. The
deputation was headed by Mr. Serjeant Parry, and
I shall never forget the expression of astonish-
ment of the servant who opened the door, in reply
to the serjeant's somewhat loud summons, when
he saw the large number of persons waiting for
admission. The deputation was received in the
dining-room, having windows in Charles Street.



The Cambridge Shakespeare. Edited by William Aldie
Wright. Vol. VIII. (Macmillan & Co.)
MR. WRIGHT's task is all but accomplished, and the
close of the year will bring within the reach of scholars
the best and most authoritative text of Shakspeare yet
produced, or, indeed, likely to be produced. With the
appearance of the penultimate volume the plays are
practically in the hands of the reader; Pericles' alone,
among the plays of unquestioned authority, remaining to
be included with the poems. Eminently satisfactory is
it to see this work accomplished under Mr. Wright's
personal supervision. No Shakspearian scholar since
Dyce has had sounder judgment or more unerring instinct,
while none has shown a finer temper. This sounde,
perhaps, quaint praise. We will not withhold it, however,
since it is one of the things that add most to the delight
of the cultivated reader. We have said before, and
repeat now, that nothing more detracts from the pleasure
of reading a scholarly book than the habit of cavilling,
grumbling, and aspersion which indulgence in critical
Let it be granted that the
pursuits seems to beget.
perusal of the endless volumes of twaddle miscalled
comment and the contemplation of the debauch of
unreason dignified with the name of conjecture are
enough to try the temper of a saint. The steam should,
however, be blown off in private, and the philosophical
and scholarly calm which is characteristic of the highest
work must be maintained. To read Mr. Wright's new
edition is to indulge in

Without arguing the question as to whether the king had reasons which justified his overlooking Sir Joshua, all we have to consider is that he did withhold the royal patronage. The time in which he could have executed the king's portrait after the visit to Worcester in August, 1788, was most limited, for on leaving that city the royal people went not to London, but to Cheltenham, where the king's mental infirmity developed, and he remained very indisposed until March and April next year, when the royal family resided at Weymouth for the benefit of the royal invalid. Before they returned to London Sir Joshua lost the sight of one eye in July, 1789, and gave up his profession. As the picture in question did not arrive at Worcester until the end of 1790, it is not unreasonable, all things considered, to suggest that an artist other than Sir Joshua was the painter, especially as his note-book contains no entry of a royal appointment at that time. In the portrait at Worcester the king is described as "standing erect in a dress of amber satin, white shoes with red heels and gold buckles, wearing the insignia of the Garter, robed and bearing the sceptre in his right hand." A little more detail might enable the If the king painter to be satisfactorily traced. did give Sir Joshua a commission after the omis- and whereat, if this be not a prosaic addition, no heartsion had been town talk for ten years at least, it burnings arise. The latest volume includes King Lear,' would never have been left to us, living a centuryOthello,' 'Antony and Cleopatra,' and 'Cymbeline.' later, to correct history. Camden Lawn, Birkenhead.


ST. JAMES'S SQUARE (8th S. ii. 267, 310).-It would be interesting if MR. GLADSTONE would kindly say in what year the late Lord Derby was living at No. 10-probably at a very early period. In 1850 the earl's name is entered in 'Kelly' at 23, Grosvenor Square, and the year 1853 sees the

A perpetual feast of nectared sweets,
Where no crude surfeit reigns;

four unequalled masterpieces of the master spirit. It is
a subject for congratulation that the volume_appears
when the forthcoming Lyceum revival of 'Lear
directing general attention to that play, which now can
be read in the purest and most satisfactory text.
Love Songs of Robert Burns. Selected by Sir George
Douglas. (Fisher Unwin.)
Ir is pleasant to find included in the pretty "Cameo "
series of Mr. Fisher Unwin a selection of Burns's inimit-
able songs printed in their entirety. If ever there was

a born and divine singer it was Burns, and the volume they now fill, with its appreciative and intelligent preface on The Loves of Robert Burns,' is just the one to slip in the pocket and carry about. We are not disposed to question the merits of the selection, but cannot explain the absence of the song "Although thou maun never be mine."

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. Edited by J. Jackson Howard, LL.D., Maltravers Herald Extraordinary. Second Series, Vol. IV. (Mitchell & Hughes.)

THE latest volume of Dr. Jackson's valuable periodical keeps well up to its olden reputation. The illustrations are in some cases-e.g., the funeral pennons and coats of Cokayne-rich as well as interesting. Examples of pennons occur but rarely, comparatively speaking, in heraldic displays, and are, therefore, all the more welcome when forthcoming. The pedigree of Upton of Upton, in the parish of Lewannick, Cornwall, is a continuation of the Upton notes which have for some time past been contributed by Hon. W. H. Upton, of Walla Walla, U.S. We would remark that in this pedigree for "Alternum," in Cornwall, should be read Altarnum, and " Nythertorre" is probably Nethertorre or Torre. An interesting contribution, from the historical point of view, is made under the well-known initials G. E. C., in the shape of what are called the "Seize Quartiers" of James, Duke of Monmouth, from a rare genealogical work, The Theatre of Europe,' by Joachim Frederick Van Bassen, whose name would seem to proclaim him a Dutchman, though he speaks of himself as "born and bred in Denmark." What we do not quite see, pace tanti G. E. C., is how an acknowledged illegitimate person, that is to say legally filius nullius, could possibly inherit any "Quartiers" at all. The family of Evelyn, whose fame is inseparably bound up with that of the famous author of the Life of Margaret Godolphin,' is further illustrated in the present volume. And those who remember with pleasure the 'Diary of Right Hon. William Windham' will be glad to have the book-plate of "William Windham, Esq.," of Felbrigg, as an additional memorial of the historic family which it commemorates,

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Wills in the York Registry, 1514-1553. Edited by F. Collins, M.D. (Printed for the Yorkshire Archæological Association, Record Series, Vol. XI.) DR. COLLINS has here given us another instalment of the volumes in which, ultimately, there will be contained a complete index to the wills in the York Registry. Owing to various circumstances, the chronological order has not been strictly adhered to in the issue of the various portions, and we may, therefore, seem to be treating of old matter when we talk, as we must on the present occasion, of sixteenth century wills, when we have already had to deal with those of the seventeenth century in connexion with the same series. Accepting the reasons given for this divergence from the strict sequence of the wills, we may point out now, as on other occasions, that there is in the contents of the York Registry much to interest genealogists who are tracing other than Yorkshire families. Thus we find many wills of Nottinghamshire people, which can scarcely fail to supplement usefully the Lichfield wills in course of being calendared by the British Record Society in the "Index Library," and which are not unlikely to supplement the Northampton and Rutland wills indexed by the same society. For instance, we find no fewer than three Eltons described as of parishes in Nottinghamshire, but who probably belonged to a Midland Counties branch of what is best known as a Herefordshire name. We have also several other names, the bearers of which are described as of Nottinghamshire, viz., Alcoke, Alred (though this may be a branch

of Alured of Charterhouse), Altoftes, and Alue, Alve, Alvee, which appear all to be variants of the same name. Lincolnshire seems to be illustrated by Umfray Amcottes (will proved Feb. 20, 1543), who probably belonged to the stock of Amcotts of Amcotts, now represented by Cracroft-Amcotts of Hackthorn, a second son of which was Sir Henry Amcotts, Lord Mayor of London, menPaul's Cress,' p. 47, as attending a sermon at Paul's tioned in Mr. J. B. Marsh's interesting monograph 'St. Cross by Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, during his mayoralty, Feb. 6, 1548. Langfellay we take to be a probably be found to illustrate the stock to which a variant of Longfellow. Baynbrig and Baynbrige will good deal of attention has been devoted of late in the Journal of the Leicestershire Architectural and Archæosideration as one of the always scanty list of English logical Society, and which is deserving of special connames in the ranks of the Sacred College. A representative of the name rendered illustrious by the author of Vanity Fair' is found in Thomas Thakewray, buried at Ripon, whose will was proved May 6, 1522.

the cheap series of Messrs. A. & C. Black. The Poems, Count Robert of Paris is the penultimate volume of Tales of a Grandfather,' and 'Life,' by Lockhart, will follow.

A NEW edition of the Imitation of Christ of Thomas à Kempis, direct from the original, has been printed in a cheap and attractive form by Samuel Bagster & Sons.

MESSRS. HARDY AND PAGE, of 21, Old Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, are about to issue the first volume (covering the period from Richard I. to the close of the reign of Richard III.) of a short Calendar to the Feet of Fines for London and Middlesex' from their commencement to 1834. As persons from every part of the country are parties to these documents, the work must necessarily contain information of very great genealogical importance, whilst to the student of London and suburban typography considerable information will be supplied.

Notices to Correspondents.

We must call special attention to the following notices: address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but ON all communications must be written the name and as a guarantee of good faith.

WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately. To secure insertion of communications correspondents must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested to head the second communication "Duplicate." A DILIGENT READER.

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Above the smoke and stir of this dim spot Which men call earth. Milton, Comus.' Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns. Wordsworth, 'Lines on Tintern Abbey.' M. CUNLIFFE OWEN.-The Rolls Chapel still exists, and is, we believe, not menaced with destruction. CORRIGENDUM.-P. 316, col. 2, 1, 6 from bottom, for "parts" read plates.


Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Advertisements and Business Letters to "The Publisher"-at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return communications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception.

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HISLEHURST (near the Railway Station, and residue of Lease (six years unexpired), a SUPERIOR RESIDENCE, with spacious and lofty Reception and Billiard Rooms, Nine Bed and Dressing Rooms, Stabling, Lodge Entrance, Glass Houses, &c., and all the adjuncts of a Gentleman's first-class establishment, surrounded by 14 acres of perfectly charming (though inexpensive) Pleasure Grounds, Gardens, Wilderness, and Pasture. Original rent, 3601. per annum. No premium.-Detailed particulars, &c., may be had at Inglewood, Chislehurst, Kent; or from Mr. DAVID J. CHATTELL, of 29A (corner of), Lincoln's Inn-fields and Chislehurst, who strongly recommends the property.


ALLEN'S IMPROVED DRESSING BAGS, in Crocodile and Morocco Leather, Silver and Ivory Fittings, from Five Guineas to Hundred.

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A most nutritious and invigorating beverage, made by the simple addition of boiling water, at a cost within the reach of all.

Sold by the principal Chemists and Grocers through. out the United Kingdom.

Caution! Beware of Imitations.


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Let no one be longer oppressed with the notion that his malady is incurable till these purifying Pills have had a fair trial. When ordinary preparations have failed, these Pills have been used with the most marked success. A course of this admirable medicine clears the blood from all impurities, and improves its quality. The whole system is thus benefited through the usual channels without reduction of strength, shock to the nerves, or any other inconvenience; in fact, health is renewed by natural means. For curing diseases of the throat, windpipe, and chest these Pills have pre-eminently established a worldwide fame, and in complaints of the stomach, liver, and kidneys they are equally efficacious. They are composed of rare balsams, without a single grain of mercury or any other deleterious substance.


A New Edition, with several Hundred Illustrations. Vol. XVI. will contain a COMPLETE INDEX. Vol. XVII, SAINTS with their EMBLEMS.



By the late Very Rev. F. C. HUSENBETH, D.D.
A New Edition,

With numerous Corrections and Additions.
Forming the Seventeenth and Last Volume of Mr. Baring-Gould's
'Lives of the Saints."



Being the Additions to the Old Testament Canon which were included in the Ancient Greek and Latin Versions; the English Text of the Authorized Version, together with the Additional Matter found in the Vulgate and other Ancient Versions; Introductions to the several Books and Fragments; Marginal Notes and References; and a General Introduction to the Apocrypha.

By the Rev. W. R. CHURTON, B.D., Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, Canon of the Cathedral of St. Alban's, and Examining Chaplain of the Bishop. Large post 8vo. pp. 608, cloth, 78. 6d.

Very large type, demy 8vo. cloth, 10s. 6d.



It may also be had in imperial 32mo. cloth, 3s.; Persian roan, 4s. 6d. ; morocco, 68. Royal 24mo. cloth, 3s. 6d. ; morocco, 68. 6d. Foolscap 8vo. cloth, 48. 6d.; Persian roan, 6s.; morocco, 9s. ; and in several other sizes.


Containing the Narrative of Our Blessed Lord's
Life and Ministry.

By the Rev. W. MICHELL, M.A.,

Diocesan Inspector of Schools in the Diocese of Bath and Wells. A New Edition, Revised. 2 vols, cloth, 65.

London: J. WHITAKER, 12, Warwick-lane.


Just published, crown 8vo. cloth extra, bevelled boards, gilt top, uncut edges, 6s.

WISE WORDS and QUAINT COUNSELS of THOMAS FULLER. Selected and Arranged, with a Short Sketch of the Author's Life, by AUGUSTUS JESSOPP, D.D., Rector of Scarning, Norfolk.

"A reprint only, as far as Fuller's own words are concerned, an original work in the skill of selection and felicity of comment for which Dr. Jessopp's name is a more than sufficient guarantee."-Times. "A most interesting volume......In every page some pearl of wit and wisdom gleams."-Daily Telegraph.

New Edition, Revised, crown 8vo. cloth, 10s. 6d.


First Series. The NATIVE

ELEMENT. By the Rev. WALTER W. SKEAT, Litt.D. LL.D. Edin. M.A. Oxon., Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Cambridge.

Recently published-SECOND SERIES. The FOREIGN ELEMENT. 10s. 6d.

"The best guide to English etymology that has yet appeared."—Academy.

New Edition, Revised, extra fcap. 8vo. cloth limp, 2s. 6d.

SECOND MIDDLE ENGLISH PRIMER. (Extracts from Chaucer.) With

Grammar and Glossary by HENRY SWEET, M.A. Ph.D. LL.D.

Just published, extra fcap. 8vo, cloth, 2s.

HORACE.-ODES. BOOK I. Edited, with Notes for Use in Forms below the Sixth, by E. C. WICKHAM, M.A., Master of Wellington College, and late Fellow of New College, Oxford.

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A Popular History of the Indian Empire, in a Series of Half-Crown Political Biographies.
Edited by Sir WILLIAM WILSON HUNTER, K.C.S.I., &c.

NEW VOLUME. Crown 8vo. blue cloth, gilt lettered, with Portrait and Map, 2s. 6d.

ALBUQUERQUE, and the EARLY PORTUGUESE SETTLEMENTS in INDIA. By H. MORSE STEPHENS, M.A., Balliol College, Oxford, Author of The French Revolution,' 'The Story of Portugal,' &c.


A pleasantly written and trustworthy book on an interesting man and time."-Saturday Review.


AKBAR: and the Rise of the Mughal Empire.

By Colonel MALLESON, C.S.I.

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the Making of South-Western India. By J. S. COTTON, Esq. M.A.

VISCOUNT HARDINGE: and the Advance

of the British Dominions into the Punjab. By his Son and Private Secretary, the Right Hon. VISCOUNT HARDINGE.

RANJIT SINGH: and the Sikh Barrier

between our Growing Empire and Central Asia. By Sir LEPEL

Final Development of the Company's Rule. By Sir WILLIAM


and the

Suppression of the Great Revolt. By Major-General Sir OWEN

EARL CANNING: and the Transfer of India
from the Company to the Crown. By Sir HENRY S. CUNNING-
HAM, K.C.I.E. M.A.

LORD WILLIAM BENTINCK: and the The EARL of MAYO: and the Consolidation

Company as a Governing and Non-trading Power. By DEMETRIUS


of the Queen's Rule in India. By Sir WILLIAM WILSON HUNTER, K.C.S.I.

WELLESLEY, and the MARQUESS of HASTINGS, LORD LAWRENCE, &c., are in active preparation.


London: HENRY FROWDE, Clarendon Press Warehouse, Amen Corner, E.C.

Printed by JOHN C. FRANCIS,, Athenæum's Press, Bream's-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C.; and Published by the said
JOHN C FRANCIS, at Bream-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C.-Saturday, October 22, 1892.

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