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in my young mind than did that of Chancellor W. D. has access to the British Museum, and will Eldon in his court within, though he looked some- refer to Add. MS. 33,412, he will see the extensive what awful too, but then so much less picturesque.labours of the late Rev. Fred. Browne, of BeckenIt will be a sad vandalism to doom to destruction ham, Kent, on this family, than which nothing, yet another of the few remaining memorials that scarcely, can be fuller, as the collection consists of still serve to link the past ages of our national pedigrees, wills, Chancery suits, inquisitions, &c., life with the present-a linking more absolutely concerning this family for many generations. essential to any truly civilizing progress than many I believe the late Canon Jackson's investigations progress-mongers seem to comprehend. on the Hungerford family are inaccessible at present. E. A. FRY. 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham.
As for machicolations, the notion is grotesque. Why not a portcullis ?
But the mention of such things reminds me that I cannot say "Ditto" to MR. WARD's dictum to the effect that a man must be an architect who uses such a word. I am neither an architect nor the son of an architect, but the word has been one in common use with me for over seventy years. T. ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE.
The kind of corbelling that I called machicolation was never peculiarly military, for "missiles to be showered," but merely the simplest way of supporting upper prominent stories, and may be seen in all architecture, I believe, except classic. The particular balcony I had in view was one projecting eastward from Salisbury Close wall, with no perforations for missiles. They might be made, but never were. The gateway would remain as "interesting and highly characteristic" as at present, every one seeing that the towers originally started from the ground, but are suppressed for the thoroughfare's sake. Sinfully hideous it may be, but we have to tolerate it. The most serious mischief of the "jerry apprentice" (Lord Grimthorpe, I believe) has been in obliging the gateway, towers and all, to be raised many feet to overtop the new works.
E. L. G.
THUNDERSTORM IN WINTER (7th S. xii. 87, 110, 157, 352; 8th S. i. 78, 216, 504; ii. 37).-As an historical instance the following may be interesting:
"The 1st of February, in the year 1444, about two of the clock in the afternoon, the eteeple of Paules was fired the west side and on the south; but by labour of many by lightning, in the midst of the shaft or spire, both on well-disposed people the same to appearance was quenched with vinegar, so that all men withdrew themselves to their houses, praising God; but between eight and nine of the clock in the same night the fire burst out again lead and timber, till by the great labour of the mayor more fervently than before, and did much hurt to the and people that came thither it was thoroughly quenched." -Stow's Survey of London,' ed. Thoms, 1842, p. 122. The attempted extinction of the fire by vinegar is an amusing detail. It is not the first instance of celebrity given to that liquid, as readers of Livy's twenty-first book know.
HUNGERFORD: AUDLEY (8th S. ii. 268).-The children of Anthony Hungerford, of Farleigh, were Sir Edward (the spendthrift), Anthony, Giles, and eight daughters, one of whom, Sarah, married Sir John Carew. Sir Edward married three times, "ULLORXAL" (8th S. ii. 268, 298).—It seems and had four sons, only one of whom, Edward, had that the late DR. BRINSLEY NICHOLSON, "soundest issue, a son, also named Edward, who died young. of Shakespearian critics," uses this "monstrously This virtually ended the descent of the Hunger-uneuphonious" word in the pages of his own book fords of Farley, as Sir Edward's brothers Anthony and Giles had no issue.
The children of Sir George Hungerford, of Cadenham, were George, Thomas, Walter, Ducie, and three daughters. Ducie had issue George, who in his turn had an only daughter, who was the last of the Cadenham branch, for Ducie's brothers George, Thomas, and Walter had no issue. A descendant of one of Sir George's daughters took the name of Hungerford in 1789.
The above is just a bare outline of the descents of Anthony and Sir George Hungerford; but if W. D. will communicate with me I shall be happy to lend him a pedigree of the Hungerford family; or if
and in those of N. & Q.,' pages not usually
PORTRAIT OF GEORGE III. (8th S. ii. 45, 75, 110, 139, 176, 216, 275).—It would be interesting to
know under what conditions Sir Joshua Reynolds painted the portrait ascribed to him of George III., at present in the Guildhall, Worcester. All that artist's biographers are agreed that his Majesty never gave him a voluntary commission after he became king, merely sitting to the President for his portrait in coronation robes in deference to the wish of the Royal Academy, who desired that their Majesties' portraits should decorate their new rooms. Northcote and Leslie and Taylor have already been quoted on the point, and Pilkington is even stronger, for, writing in 1798 (only six years after the death of Sir Joshua, and eight years after the picture was received at Worcester), he
"What a pity that his present Majesty, who pretends to some little knowledge in painting, should be so fascinated by high finishing, fan painting, the smooth Birmingham waiter glare, the pigmy efforts of art, as to be totally unaffected by the powers of those giants Reynolds and Wilson as to proscribe the broad and vigorous efforts of their pencils, and forbid their works an entrance into his palaces."
first mention of his name as residing in St. James's
NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.
The Cambridge Shakespeare. Edited by William Aldie
Without arguing the question as to whether the king had reasons which justified his overlooking Sir Joshua, all we have to consider is that he did withhold the royal patronage. The time in which he could have executed the king's portrait after the visit to Worcester in August, 1788, was most limited, for on leaving that city the royal people went not to London, but to Cheltenham, where the king's mental infirmity developed, and he remained very indisposed until March and April next year, when the royal family resided at Weymouth for the benefit of the royal invalid. Before they returned to London Sir Joshua lost the sight of one eye in July, 1789, and gave up his profession. As the picture in question did not arrive at Worcester until the end of 1790, it is not unreasonable, all things considered, to suggest that an artist other than Sir Joshua was the painter, especially as his note-book contains no entry of a royal appointment at that time. In the portrait at Worcester the king is described as "standing erect in a dress of amber satin, white shoes with red heels and gold buckles, wearing the insignia of the Garter, robed and bearing the sceptre in his right hand." A little more detail might enable the If the king painter to be satisfactorily traced. did give Sir Joshua a commission after the omis- and whereat, if this be not a prosaic addition, no heartsion had been town talk for ten years at least, it burnings arise. The latest volume includes King Lear,' would never have been left to us, living a centuryOthello,' 'Antony and Cleopatra,' and 'Cymbeline.' later, to correct history. Camden Lawn, Birkenhead.
ST. JAMES'S SQUARE (8th S. ii. 267, 310).-It would be interesting if MR. GLADSTONE would kindly say in what year the late Lord Derby was living at No. 10-probably at a very early period. In 1850 the earl's name is entered in 'Kelly' at 23, Grosvenor Square, and the year 1853 sees the
A perpetual feast of nectared sweets,
four unequalled masterpieces of the master spirit. It is
a born and divine singer it was Burns, and the volume they now fill, with its appreciative and intelligent preface on The Loves of Robert Burns,' is just the one to slip in the pocket and carry about. We are not disposed to question the merits of the selection, but cannot explain the absence of the song "Although thou maun never be mine."
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. Edited by J. Jackson Howard, LL.D., Maltravers Herald Extraordinary. Second Series, Vol. IV. (Mitchell & Hughes.)
THE latest volume of Dr. Jackson's valuable periodical keeps well up to its olden reputation. The illustrations are in some cases-e.g., the funeral pennons and coats of Cokayne-rich as well as interesting. Examples of pennons occur but rarely, comparatively speaking, in heraldic displays, and are, therefore, all the more welcome when forthcoming. The pedigree of Upton of Upton, in the parish of Lewannick, Cornwall, is a continuation of the Upton notes which have for some time past been contributed by Hon. W. H. Upton, of Walla Walla, U.S. We would remark that in this pedigree for "Alternum," in Cornwall, should be read Altarnum, and " Nythertorre" is probably Nethertorre or Torre. An interesting contribution, from the historical point of view, is made under the well-known initials G. E. C., in the shape of what are called the "Seize Quartiers" of James, Duke of Monmouth, from a rare genealogical work, The Theatre of Europe,' by Joachim Frederick Van Bassen, whose name would seem to proclaim him a Dutchman, though he speaks of himself as "born and bred in Denmark." What we do not quite see, pace tanti G. E. C., is how an acknowledged illegitimate person, that is to say legally filius nullius, could possibly inherit any "Quartiers" at all. The family of Evelyn, whose fame is inseparably bound up with that of the famous author of the Life of Margaret Godolphin,' is further illustrated in the present volume. And those who remember with pleasure the 'Diary of Right Hon. William Windham' will be glad to have the book-plate of "William Windham, Esq.," of Felbrigg, as an additional memorial of the historic family which it commemorates,
Wills in the York Registry, 1514-1553. Edited by F. Collins, M.D. (Printed for the Yorkshire Archæological Association, Record Series, Vol. XI.) DR. COLLINS has here given us another instalment of the volumes in which, ultimately, there will be contained a complete index to the wills in the York Registry. Owing to various circumstances, the chronological order has not been strictly adhered to in the issue of the various portions, and we may, therefore, seem to be treating of old matter when we talk, as we must on the present occasion, of sixteenth century wills, when we have already had to deal with those of the seventeenth century in connexion with the same series. Accepting the reasons given for this divergence from the strict sequence of the wills, we may point out now, as on other occasions, that there is in the contents of the York Registry much to interest genealogists who are tracing other than Yorkshire families. Thus we find many wills of Nottinghamshire people, which can scarcely fail to supplement usefully the Lichfield wills in course of being calendared by the British Record Society in the "Index Library," and which are not unlikely to supplement the Northampton and Rutland wills indexed by the same society. For instance, we find no fewer than three Eltons described as of parishes in Nottinghamshire, but who probably belonged to a Midland Counties branch of what is best known as a Herefordshire name. We have also several other names, the bearers of which are described as of Nottinghamshire, viz., Alcoke, Alred (though this may be a branch
of Alured of Charterhouse), Altoftes, and Alue, Alve, Alvee, which appear all to be variants of the same name. Lincolnshire seems to be illustrated by Umfray Amcottes (will proved Feb. 20, 1543), who probably belonged to the stock of Amcotts of Amcotts, now represented by Cracroft-Amcotts of Hackthorn, a second son of which was Sir Henry Amcotts, Lord Mayor of London, menPaul's Cress,' p. 47, as attending a sermon at Paul's tioned in Mr. J. B. Marsh's interesting monograph 'St. Cross by Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, during his mayoralty, Feb. 6, 1548. Langfellay we take to be a probably be found to illustrate the stock to which a variant of Longfellow. Baynbrig and Baynbrige will good deal of attention has been devoted of late in the Journal of the Leicestershire Architectural and Archæosideration as one of the always scanty list of English logical Society, and which is deserving of special connames in the ranks of the Sacred College. A representative of the name rendered illustrious by the author of Vanity Fair' is found in Thomas Thakewray, buried at Ripon, whose will was proved May 6, 1522.
the cheap series of Messrs. A. & C. Black. The Poems, Count Robert of Paris is the penultimate volume of Tales of a Grandfather,' and 'Life,' by Lockhart, will follow.
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