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ence to the traditional version of Barbara Allen,' which I was desirous of obtaining, "Them owd songs! My bairns knaws nowt on 'em; it's chapilhymns thaay sings." And I find, as a matter of fact, that theological verses of a Wesleyan cast, or popular ditties imported directly or indirectly from those centres of culture and instruction the London music-halls, have taken the place of the rough but poetical and dramatic songs which rang sweetly in the ears of our great-grandfathers. E. L. K.

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LIFE OF LOCKHART (8th S. ii. 328).-I know of no life of this author; but the following notes I find in the preface to a copy of his "Spanish Ballads':-

"John Gibson Lockhart, the son of a minister of the Kirk of Scotland, was born 1794, and died 1854. He married the eldest daughter of Sir Walter Scott. From

1826 to 1853 he was editor of the Quarterly Review. He was author of several novels and tales, 'Valerius,' hisReginald Dalton,' &c., and of a very interesting Life of Sir Walter Scott'; but he will probably be best known to posterity as the translator of the Spanish Ballads,' to which his genius has given the spirit and life of an original work."

PATER PINDAR'S WORKS (8th S. ii. 328).-The edition referred to was, I believe, the first of collected works published in England, and was issued in the manner stated, viz., three volumes in 1794, and a fourth in 1796. The three volumes probably correspond with the 'Complete Works of Peter Pindar, Esq.,' in three volumes, published in Dublin in 1792. Another edition, in four volumes, was published in London in 1802, and I think a fifth volume was afterwards added in a similar manner. I have seen numerous edition of his works, some in one volume only, but I believe the last, and most complete, published during his lifetime was in four volumes, 12mo., 1816. This contains a large number of works not to be found in the 1794-6 edition, e.g., "The Middlesex Election' (in the Devonshire dialect); Tristia; or, the Sorrows of Peter'; 'New-Old Ballads,' &c.


MR. GERISH lacks two volumes to complete his set. I have a copy in five volumes, uniformly bound in the original pink paper boards, of which vols. i. to iii. have engraved titles dated 1794, "in three volumes"; vol. iv. has a similar engraved title, dated 1796, "in four volumes "; vol. v. is dated 1801, and has a plain printed title, "in five volumes." This last volume contains pieces numbered 42 to 52, and, according to Lowndes, completes the work.

The preface is not signed. An introduction to the book is dated from "Edinburgh, January 3rd, 1823," and the book is published by F. Warne & Co., the " Chandos Classics" edition. G. S. B.

There is no life of John Gibson Lockhart. HOME

FARM may be referred to the article in the Times of Dec. 9, 1854, and to a paper entitled 'Life of Lockhart' in the Quarterly Review, vol. cxvi. p. 439 (October, 1864). There are frequent mentions of him in Croker's Memoirs,' Ornsby's Memoirs of J. R. Hope-Scott,' and Smiles's Memoirs of John Murray.'


AEROLITES: BOLIDES (8th S. ii. 321).—I witnessed at Birkenhead the wonderful display of meteors in November, 1866, mentioned by PROF. TOMLINSON in his very interesting paper. When first they began to be visible I tried to count these shooting stars, but had soon to give up the attempt in despair. One would think that the November aerolites must nearly all be of very small size, as, amidst the innumerable multitude which entered the atmosphere of the earth and became visible by the friction thereby engendered, COUPLET (7th S. xii. 353; 8th S. ii. 129, 168).—I do not remember to have heard of any having Both explanations given as above differ strangely from the one which I received many years ago. The couplet, as I learned it, ran thus:

F. D.

At Dover dwells George Brown Esquire, Good Caleb Finch, and Doctor Friar. According to my version, the one all-important thing to keep in mind was the day of the week on which the current year began. Further the initial letters in the words of the couplet represent respectively the various numbers up to seven; for instance, one, four, four, seven, &c. Supposing, then, that the day of the week on which Dec. 9, 1892, will fall be required; it is worked thus: December is the twelfth month-"Friar" is the twelfth word in the "Key." F (sixth letter of the alphabet) signifies that six days after Friday (New Year's Day) comes Thursday. December 1, then, is Thursday, and by an easy calculation we arrive

reached the earth's surface. If there were many
amongst them of fairly large dimensions, it is
probable that some of them would have reached
the ground, notwithstanding the numbers that
escaped into space. Is there any record of any
aerolites having been found about the date of the


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tradition assigns it to the following circumstance. In the times of Popery a priest celebrating mass on St. Luke's Day (October 18) at some church in York, unfortunately dropped the pax after consecration, which was snatched up suddenly and swallowed by dog that lay under the altar table. The profanation of this sacred act occasioned the death of the dog, and a persecution began against the tribe, which was continued until comparatively a recent date, when it was forbidden by a Lord Mayor of York.

A similar custom formerly existed at Hull, but there the whipping was applied to all dogs found running about the streets on October 10. This custom formed the subject of a communication from a former correspondent nearly forty years ago, when it was stated to be obsolete. See 'N. & Q.,' 1st S. viii. 409. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. 71, Brecknock Road.

See the useful Brand (Antiquities,' i. 374) for the legendary reason why, in the city of York, St. Luke's Day was thus designated.





by such matters is evident, and an ideally ample index
of names facilitates reference. Allusions also abound
to numbers of the great trades, mercers, goldsmiths,
drapers, &c. A second volume, covering the period to
the death of Edward VI., is promised. It is sincerely to
be hoped that the work may find support enough to be
continued beyond these limite. Among names of inter-
est, literary and historical, are Chaucer (see Mr. Rye's
letter to the Athenæum of Nov. 19) and Sir William
Walworth, the famous Lord Mayor. A curious fine is
that levied in 24 Henry II., which refers to the ser-
jeanty of keeping the king's mints in London and else-
where, which pertained to the manor of Lilleston, now
"Whitechapel" is so called as early as
Lisson Grove.
32 Edward III.

The Essays of Montaigne. Done into English by John Florio, 1615. Edited, with Introduction, by George Saintsbury. (Nutt.) FLORIO'S Montaigne is indispensable to Shakspearian scholars, dear to philologists, and welcome to all students of Elizabethan literature. The fact of an alleged autograph of Shakspeare having been found in a copy of the first edition has commended the volume to bibliophiles, and copies, when found, fetch a considerable price. For the second and third edition, even, there is a demand. To the general reader, Cotton's translation, executed near a century later, commended itself; and this work, though far less interesting in all respects than its predecessor, has been often reprinted, and once, even, in modern days, Mr. Saintsbury has been well advised to go back to the translation of Florio, and Mr. Nutt, by giving it a handsome antiquarian type and appearance, reproducing the old orthography and everything that appeals to the book-lover, has established its place among A Calendar to the Feet of Fines for London and Middle- the treasured reproductions we owe him. As yet the sex.-Vol. I. Richard 1. to Richard III. By W. J. first book only is issued. Mr. Saintsbury's introduction Hardy, F.S.A., and W. Page, F.S.A. (Hardy & Page.) is thoughtful, well written, and valuable. One thing CONSIDERING the genealogical and topographical value of only surprises us. A bibliographical note is prefixed to the Feet of Fines, it is remarkable that so long a period the effect that "The title of the Essays is reprinted from has elapsed before those of London and Middlesex have the first edition of 1613, the prefatory matter and text been brought within range of antiquarian research. To from the third edition of 1632." The title-page bears, many readers of N. & Q.' the significance of this bar-assuredly, the date of 1613. We have always understood barous-sounding phrase must need explanation, while to that the first edition was 1603; the second, 1613; and the general public it seems mysterious and inscrutable. the third, 1632. We ourselves possess, for the purposeThe "foot" of the Fine is that part of the document of reference, the third edition only. Have we been illwhich was kept for safe custody in the Court of Common informed, then, as to the edition of 1603; or what is the Pleas, the other portions being left in the possession of explanation of this note? We shall look forward with the owners of the property on which the fine was levied. pleasureable anticipation to the following books. While, accordingly, the parts kept in private custody have perished, those in official custody have been preserved. In the Feet of Fines, accordingly, we have records of dealings with manors and other properties not elsewhere to be found. The volume now issued by Messrs. Hardy and Page covers the period from the reign of Richard I. to the close of that of Richard III., extending, roughly speaking, over three hundred years. It is obvious that to students of London and suburban topography the work is invaluable, while the field it opens out to the genealogist is exceedingly wide. There is scarcely an important suburban district that does not find mention. Concerning Edmonton-varyingly spelt Edmonton, Edelmeton, Edelmyngton, Edelmpton, and Edelington-there is a note on nearly every page, while Edgware, Eggeswere, or Heggwere, Tottenham, Uxbridge, and scores of other spots are constantly encountered. We hear of the dealings with property of numerous obscure religious bodies, with abundant allusions to the disposal of their estates by the larger ecclesiastical corporations, as the Templars, the monks of Westminster, &c. The descriptions of the property dealt with, notably in the case of riverside manors, are often important. How much the genealogist may profit

Middlesex County Records. Vol. IV. Edited by John Cordy Jeaffreson, B.A., Barrister-at-Law. (Chapman & Hall.)

MR. JEAFFRESON's task of editing the Middlesex County Records proceeds apace. The matter submitted to historical students in this fourth volume is taken from those of the sessional archives resting at the Clerkenwell Record House that pertain to the period included between the nineteenth year of the reign of Charles II. and the abdication of his successor. Fortunate, indeed, is it that the task has been executed before these interesting and important archives have perished. The extent to which these have been damaged is shown by Mr. Jeaffreson. Speaking of the Gaol Delivery Rolls, Mr. Jeaffreson thus shows that of twenty-four files at least pertaining to the thirtieth, thirty-first, and thirty-second years of Charles II. only seventeen survive, none of which has not been attenuated by rot, breakage of threads, or other misadventure. "Of the indictments," says Mr. Jeaffreson, "originally put away in the rolled files of these three successive years, perhaps as many as 40 per cent. have perished irrecoverably." A lamentable story of loss, through which we cannot accom

instead of lamp, is made to rhyme with "camp," and (p. 56) "aarted" is put for darted.

Select Historical Documents of the Middle Ages. Translated and edited by Ernest F. Henderson, Ph.D. (Berlin). (Bell & Sons.)

FEW of the admirable works included in what have been known as "Bohn's Libraries" will be welcomed by the student so warmly as this. We have here, in a volume of near five hundred pages, the most interesting and important, even if incongruous, collection of documents of fundamental importance to the historian that has seen the light. Such documents are, as Mr. Henderson says, the very framework of history. Here we have, apart from other works of equal importance, the laws of William the Conqueror, the Bull of Pope Adrian IV. emhow-powering Henry II. to conquer Ireland, the dialogue concerning the Exchequer (which is one of the most learned treatises of the Middle Ages), Magna Carta, the Salic Law, the formulas for holding ordeals, the summons of Pope Eugene III. to a crusade, the forged donation of calculated to interest, delight, and advantage the stuWe cannot readily point to a volume so

pany the writer, is, indeed, told, and the chief matter
for thankfulness is that the task of preservation has been
begun while anything was left to preserve. The most
direct appeal of a work such as this is to the historian
and the antiquary, and such are already wide awake to
the importance of the work that has been done. There
is scarcely a branch of archæological pursuit that
will not to some extent benefit by these volumes. We
are disposed, however, to commend no less warmly
the work to the purveyor of fiction, and notably to
the dramatist, whose invention is likely to be greatly
aided. Commonplace enough are many of the offences
women found guilty of stealing to the value of ten-
pence and sentenced to be whipped, or a true bill
found against a man for not going to church, chapel,
or any usual place of common prayer during four months.
More exciting matters, high treason and the like,
ever, abound. Very many indictments to which the suf-
ferers by Titus Oates had to plead are preserved, though
several of highest interest have perished. Spiriting people
on shipboard for the sake of carrying them away to sell
them as slaves in Virginia is an offence of pretty frequent
occurrence, punishable ordinarily with fine and pillory.
John Sadler and Letitia Wiggington were condemned to
be hanged, John for slaying and murdering Elizabeth
Houlton by flogging her "in et super dorsum, ventrem,
femora, pectus, brachia, caput, with a whip commonly
called a Catt with Nyne tales,' so that she died of the
said flogging on the following day,"
,"and Letitia Wigging-
ton for being present on the occasion and aiding and
encouraging John Sadler to commit it. A complete
analysis of these crimes is furnished by the editor, and
constitutes stimulating and instructive, if at times hor.
rifying reading. To the volume-which is enriched
by well-executed portraits and facsimiles, and has a fine
index-is added a notice, by Mr. B. Woodd-Smith, F.S.A.,
of Sir Baptist Hicks, Knt., Bart., and first Viscount
Campden. The volume has, indeed, singular value and
interest, and its perusal is likely to bring many more
subscribers to the Middlesex County Record Society.
Mr. Jeaffreson's task is executed with commendable
thoroughness, security, and knowledge.

Wonder Book for Girls and Boys. By Nathaniel Haw-
thorne. (Osgood, McIlvaine & Co.)
WITH its coloured illustrations by Mr. Walter Crane and
its general luxury of get-up this volume takes rank
among the most attractive gift-books of the season. It
contains a rendering of half-a-dozen classical myths
which are supposedly narrated, under varying con-
ditions, to a small tribe of American children. The
myths in question comprise the story of Perseus, told as
"The Gorgon's Head'; that of King Midas, rechristened
The Golden Touch'; 'The Paradise of Children,' other-
wise The Legend of Pandora'; 'The Three Golden
Apples' as The Garden of the Hesperides'; 'The Mar-
vellous Picture,' i. e., Philemon and Baucis; and the story
of the Chimæra. Though adapted to the comprehension
of children, the stories are well told, and the volume is
pleasant to read as well as attractive. A further selec-
tion from a not very easily exhaustible source is pro-


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The Book of One Hundred Riddles of the Fairy Bellaria.
By Charles G. Leland. (Fisher Unwin.)
A QUAINTLY illustrated little volume with a series of
those riddles which were the delight of our remote
ancestors, and were supposedly given by a tyrant, the
price of inability to answer being death. Fable teems
with such things. See, for a familiar instance, the ballad
of King John and the Abbot of Canterbury.' Mr.
Leland rhymes pleasantly and cleverly his answers.
There are some bad misprints, as when (p. 51) "lamb,'



To the "Elizabethan Library" of Mr. Elliot Stock the Rev. A. B. Grosart has added Choice Passages from the Writings and Letters of Sir Walter Raleigh. We have here much riches in little room.

MESSRS. ELLIS & ELVEY promise, in a limited issue, an edition of the poetical works, hitherto unprinted, of William Basse, 1602-1653. A friend of "Massinger, Browne, Wither, Izaak Walton, and other celebrities, he claims recognition on his own account, and is entitled to rank among the luminaries of the Jacobean age.

THE rules and programme of the Bibliographical Society have been published, and the presidential address was delivered on Monday by Mr. W. A. Copinger.

Notices to Correspondents.

We must call special attention to the following notices:
ON all communications must be written the name and

address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but
as a guarantee of good faith.

WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately.

To secure insertion of communications correspondents must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested to head the second communication "Duplicate."

J. B. WILSON ("Ancient Warwickshire Custom ").See, under heading 'Wroth Silver,' 1st S. ix. 448; 6th S. ii, 386; 7th S. xii. 442, 493; 8th S. i. 197, 238.

N. G. G. (The Mistletoe Bough").-The author is Haynes Bayly. Full particulars are supplied in N. & Q.,' 4to S. viii. 8, 116, 177, 195, 313, 554; ix. 46, 128, 142, 477. M. DAMANT ("The Travellers' Way").-Please send promised information.


Editorial Communications should be addressed to" The Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Advertisements and Business Letters to "The Publisher"-at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return communications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception.



The Crown having acquired Nos. 4 and 22, Took's Court, the Printing and Publishing Departments are now REMOVED to the New Offices at Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane.


R. GERALD MARSHALL'S NEW SYSTEM of CHEAP ABSTRACTS from ancient WILLS and RECORDS has greatly helped many amateurs to construct most interesting pedi

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grees. Advice free.-Care of Mr. Pirazzoli, 124, High-road, Kilburn, N.W. A CALENDAR to the FEET of FINES for

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LONDON and MIDDLESEX, preserved at the Public Record
Office. The Fine formed part of the conveyance and settlement of land,
and thus contain matter of obvious topographical and genealogical
importance. The Index to Vol. I. contains over 8,000 entries.
To be obtained from the compilers,

HARDY & PAGE, Record Agents, 21, Old-buildings,
Lincoln's Inn, London.

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Southampton Buildings, Chancery-lane. THREE PER CENT. INTEREST allowed on DEPOSITS, repay. able on demand.

TWO PER CENT. on CURRENT ACCOUNTS, on the minimum monthly balance, when not drawn below £100.

STOCKS, SHARES, and ANNUITIES Purchased and Sold.


For the encouragement of Thrift the Bank receives small sums on deposit, and allows Interest at the rate of THREE PER CENT. per annum on each completed £1. FRANCIS RAVENSCROFT, Manager.


DENCE offered in a Private Family. Central position. Close to Common, three minutes' from S.E. Rly. Station. Dry, invigorating air.-R. G., Roxwell, Guildford-road, Grove Hill-road, Tunbridge Wells.

CHISLEHURST (near the Railway Station, and

delightfully situated opposite Bickley Park)-TO BE LET, for the residue of Lease (six years unexpired), a SUPERIOR RESIDENCE. with spacious and lofty Reception and Billiard Rooms, Nine Bed and Dressing Rooms, Stabling, Lodge Entrance, Glass Houses, &c., and all the adjuncts of a Gentleman's first-class establishment, surrounded by 14 acres of perfectly charming (though inexpensive) Pleasure Grounds, Gardens, Wilderness, and Pasture. Original rent, 360. per annum. No premium.-Detailed particulars, &c., may be had at Inglewood, Chislehurst, Kent; or from Mr. DAVID J. CHATTELL, of 29A (corner of), Lincoln's Inn-fields and Chislehurst, who strongly recommends the property.


YORK and GAME PIES; also

TURTLE SOUP, and JELLY, and other


Caution.-Beware of Imitations. Sole Address

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for SATURDAY, April 2nd,

contains an Article upon the HISTORY of TOOK'S-COURT and its NEIGHBOURHOOD, by Mr. GEORGE CLINCH, of the British Museum, with the following Illustrations by Mr. A. Bernard Sykes :LINCOLN'S INN GATEHOUSE.

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Athenæum:-"These ballads are spirited and stirring: such are 'The Fall of Harald Hardrada,'' Old Benbow,'Marston Moor,' and 'Corporal John,' the soldier's name for the famous Duke of Marlborough, which is a specially good ballad. 'Queen Eleanor's Vengeance' is a vividly told story. Coming to more modern times, The Deeds of Wellington,' Inkerman,' and 'Balaklava' are excellently well said and sung. As a book of ballads, interesting to all who have British blood in their veins, Dr. Bennett's contribution will be welcome. Dr. Bennett's Ballads will leave a strong impremion on the memory of those who read them." The GOLDEN LIBRARY.-Square 16mo. cloth, 28.


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HOLLOWAY'S PILLS. In general debility,

mental depression, and nervous irritability, there is no medicine which operates so like a charm as these famous Pills. They purify the blood. soothe and strengthen the nerves and system, give tone to the stomach, elevate the spirits, and. in fact, make the patient sensible of a total and most delightful revolution in his whole system. They may be commended most unreservedly as the very best family medicine in existence. Though so powerfully efficacious, they are singularly mild in their operation, and might be given with perfect confidence to delicate women and young children. They contain not a grain of mercury or any other noxious substance, and cannot do harm. Delicate females

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In 3 vols. crown 8vo. 6s. each.

Ready this day, Vols. II. and III. crown 8vo. 6s. each.

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UNIFORM EDITION. 16 vols. crown 8vo. bound in Sets, £4; or the Volumes bound

separately, 58. each.

This Edition contains 3 Portraits of Mr. Browning at different periods of life, and a few Illustrations. Also Mr. BROWNING'S LAST VOLUME, ‘ASOLANDO: Fancies and Facts.' Ninth Edition. Fcap. 8vo. 5s. W. M. THACKERAY'S WORKS.

The STANDARD EDITION. 26 vols. large 8vo. 10s. 6d. each.

This Edition contains some of Mr. Thackeray's Writings not before collected, with many additional Illustrations.


The LIBRARY EDITION. 24 vols. large crown 8vo. handsomely bound in cloth, £9; or half-russia, marbled edges, 137. 13s. With Illustrations by the Author, Richard Doyle, and Frederick Walker. The Volumes are sold separately in cloth, 7s. 6d. each.


The POPULAR EDITION. 13 vols. crown 8vo. with Frontispiece to each Volume, scarlet cloth, gilt top, 31. 5s. ; and in half-morocco, gilt, 5/. 10s.

The Volumes are sold separately, in green cloth, 5s. each.

The CHEAPER ILLUSTRATED EDITION. 26 vols. bound in cloth, £4 11s.; or hand

somely bound in half-morocco, 81. 88.

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LIFE AND WORKS OF THE SISTERS BRONTE. LIBRARY EDITION. 7 vols. each containing 5 Illustrations, large crown 8vo. 5s. each.

Also the POPULAR EDITION, in 7 vols. small post 8vo. cloth, or cloth boards, gilt top, 2s. 6d. each; and the POCKET EDITION, in 7 vols. small fcap. 8vo. each with Frontispiece, bound in half-cloth, with cut or uncut edges, 1s. 6d. per


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Printed by JOHN C. FRANCIS, Athenæum Press, Bream's-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C.; and Published by the said
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