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Mary-Rose, which PROF. LAUGHTON cites, appear in the list. The ship he calls the Mer-Honour Heywood calls the Mer Honora. Besides these, there is the Bonaventure, without Elizabeth, and, per contra, the Elizabeth Jonas. Also the Arch Raleigh, the Du Repulse, and the Antilack, which last, if I came upon it in Luttrell, I should be quite sure was intended for the Antelope. There the Victory, the Nonpareil, the Dreadnought, are also the names, familiar still, of the Triumph, Defiance, Swiftsure, and Revenge. The dramatist at the pains to explain the origin of Warspite. Says the Third Post :

"JOHNNY FORTNIGHT" (8th S. i. 373).-This expression for a tallyman is used also in Somersetshire. Mr. Elworthy, in his West Somerset Word-Book' (E. D. S.), gives the following illus-is tration of the use of the term: "I do pay downdap vor my two or three oddses; I can't 'vord to dale vay they Jonny Vortnights, they be to dear

vor me."


REEDS (8th S. ii. 327, 433)-Brass boxes long enough to hold reeds, with a small box on one side as an ink-pot, were commonly used in Greece as late as 1847; and in 1890 I bought one in Cairo, said to be a relic found at Tel el Kebir, but certainly a complete writing apparatus with two reeds, one useful now for broad writing. ESTE.

Reeds were in common use some fifty years ago in the north of England for addressing parcels on brown paper. They give a bold, strong writing, such as no quill or steel pen can give. The common bulrush with a thick head is the reed used.

E. LEATON-Blenkinsopp. LEATHER MONEY (8th S. ii. 308, 394).—If Este will give me his address I will send him a copper token which I possess, bearing the date 1788. "On demand in London, Liverpool, or Anglesey," is imprinted on its thick edge. On the obverse a head cowled and with full bearded face, a wreath surmounting it. On the reverse, "We promise to pay the bearer one penny," also the company's monogram. It is a curious token to my eyes, as good as when new, and weighs as heavy as a double florin. HERBERT HARDY.

Earl's Heaton, Dewsbury.

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Thus in War's spight, and all the Spaniards' scoff, He brought both ship and soldiers safely off. To which her Majesty :

War's spight, indeed! And we to do him right Will call the ship he fought in Warres-spight. Since writing this I read of the launch of H.M.S. Bonaventure. W. F. WALler.

ANA: BIBLIOGRAPHICAL (8th S. ii. 224).-Your correspondent Q. V. quotes Baconiana,' published in 1679, as an early use of the termination ana; but the introduction thereto, which is entitled "An Account of all the Lord Bacon's Works," proves a prior use of the term. It says:

"All these Papers I have put under the Title of 'Baconiana,' in imitation of those who of late have published some Remains of Learned Men, and called them, Thuana, Scaligerana, Perroniana.”

well known, Dr. Thomas Tenison, afterwards ArchThe writer of this introduction, T. T., was, as is bishop of Canterbury. It is worth being reprinted. SIGMA TAU.

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PARGITER, DERING, AND FERRIES (8th S. ii. 448).-SIGMA is in error in supposing that Eleanor Pargiter married Sir Edward Dering (or Dearling), Bart. Elianor Pargiter, according to her monument in Gretworth Church, co. Northampton, was the sole daughter and heiress of Sir William Pargiter, of Gretworth, Knt., by Elianor, second daughter of William Guise, of Elmore, and was the relict of Sir Henry Dering, Knt., by whom he (Sir Henry) had no issue. The monument in Gretworth Church was erected to her memory by her husband Charles Howe. She died July 25, 1696. The will of Sir Henry Dering was dated December 7, 1688, and proved December 15 following, by the oath of Eleanor, the relict (P.C.C., Exton 44); he is there described as of the Inner Temple, Knt., and he bequeathes the advowson of Greetworth (sic) to his wife Eleanor. A marginal

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note in the Will Register states that on June 2, 1698, Charles Howe, Esq., was granted administration of the goods, &c., of Henry Dering, deceased, as husband and administrator of Eleanor, then deceased. I suspect this Henry Dering was either the son of Sir Edward Dering, Knt. and Bart., and was baptized at Pluckley, co. Kent, July 1, 1632, or of Dering and Elizabeth his wife, baptized at St. Bride's, London, October 28, 1637. It will be observed that he gives his age in the marriage allegation as about forty, and, as he was then intending to marry a young wife, he would naturally try to be as juvenile as possible.

T. N. BRACEBRIDGE HALL (8th S. ii. 288, 371, 471).— In favour of the opinion that Aston Hall was the original of Bracebridge Hall, I think the following extract from 'Personal Recollections of Birmingham and Birmingham Men,' 1877, by Eliezer Edwards (an old friend, now no more), may be of interest. Writing of Mr. Henry Van Wart, he says:"Having sold his house at Springfield to Mr. Barker, the solicitor, he removed to a house at the top of New: hall Hill, then quite in the country. This house is still standing, but is incorporated with Mr. Wiley's manufactory, and is entirely hidden from view by the lofty buildings which have enclosed it. From here, about 1820, he removed to Calthorpe Road, then newly formed, where he occupied a house-the seventh, I think-on the left hand from the Five Ways. From the back

windows of this house he could look across fields and meadows to Moseley, there not being, with the exception of a few in the Bristol Road, a house or other building visible. Here Washington Irving was almost a constant visitor. Here Bracebridge Hall'—the original of which was Aston Hall-was written, and in this house some of the most delightful letters published in Irving's biography were penned. After a few years, Mr. Van Wart finally removed to the 'The Shrubbery,' where he died." It may also be of interest to know where the greater part of the 'Sketch Book' was written. Shortly after his return from America in 1808, Mr. Van Wart

"bought a stone-built house in Icknield Street West. This house stood on the right-hand side, near the present Wesleyan Chapel, It is now pulled down. In connexion with this purchase a curious circumstance occurred. Mr. Van Wart was born a few days after England had acknowledged the Independence of America. These few days made all the difference to him. As it was, he was an alien, and incapable of holding freehold property in England. To get over this difficulty he had to apply for, and obtain, a special Act of Parliament to naturalize him. This having passed, he was enabled to complete the purchase of the house, to which he soon removed. Here his celebrated brother-in-law, Washington Irving, came on a visit, and in this house the greater part of the 'Sketch Book' was written."

In this connexion I may add that on Feb. 12, 1858, the contract for the purchase of Aston Hall and Park was signed, and on the 16th were formally taken possession of by the Interim Managers for and on behalf of the company which had purchased them for a public park. The name of

Mr. C. H. Bracebridge appears in the preliminary
proceedings. Afterwards the Parks Committee
reported to the Town Council, which had purchased
them from the company in September, 1864, that
Mr. Charles Holte Bracebridge had presented the
picture of Sir Charles and Sir Lister Holte, the
last two baronets of Aston, and it had been placed
in the vestibule of the long gallery. Mr. Brac
bridge had also expressed his intention to bequeath
other pictures to Aston Hall, family portraits con-
nected with the history of the building and its
founders. Cf. Langford's Modern Birmingham,'
vol. ii. pp. 136, 159.

which the devil may reckon all taverns among his CHAPEL (8th S. ii. 446).—Except in the sense in numerous chapels, the old house in Fleet Street, in which Bacchus and Apollo stood in equal honour, and to the site of which Plutus bas succeeded, cannot be reckoned among the chapels built either by or in honour of the devil. He arrived there with little honour, having, in fact, been taken by the nose by the good saint, one of whose houses of prayer stands opposite, and whose name MR. PEACOCK's address calls to mind. Bat St. Dunstan somehow slipped out of the tavern sign, and the devil, who, perhaps, after all, found himself more at home on that side of the road than St. Dunstan did, remained.

It would be easy to find illustrations of the apophthegm of which Defoe made use. On Sunday mornings, some years ago, a door in Windmill Street was thronged with ladies, to the worst of whom no one would have ventured to apply a worse description than mondaines, going their way to worship, not many hours after a door hard by had been thronged with others, the best of whom might have been complimented with the description of demi-mondaines, going the other way. A tavern may have existed where Knight's bridge spanned West bourne as early as the adjacent church of the leper hospital. But it is of late years that the devil has come and built two chapels there, with so little regard for its convenience that the public-houses have squeezed the tiny temple tight between them, and made the eastern position a riddle incapable of solution.

Johnson quotes from Howell, "Where truth erecteth her church, he helps errour to rear up s chapel hard by." I have not verified the quotation; but as James Howell wrote in 1643, began his epistle in the Fleet Prison in 1645, and died in 1666, he must have been among the earliest to give currency to the saying in England.


Has MR. PEACOCK searched through the volumes of Once a Week in quest of Mr. W. Thornbury's stray poems, for which I am glad to see that he has a kindly word to say? I fancy that he will

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find there the poem from which he quotes "the
only fragment that sticks to his memory." Mr.
Thornbury's signature is appended to most, but
I can certify) not to all his poems; and he was a
very constant contributor of signed and unsigned
poetry and prose to the pages of Once a Week in
its palmy days under Samuel Lucas, and afterwards
under my humbler editorship.

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older than the Mahabharata, older than history itself. Except in the repression of a little Oriental coarseness (assenting thus, with complete accuracy, the kind of apoof diction, they are exactly reproduced in English, reprelogue, fable, or narrative-moral, amorous, fantastic, supernatural-to which, when his task is over, the peasant loves to listen. Most of them are short, conveying, in the way of fable, some moral lesson educed from the conduct of animals. Not a few are of "the Wise Men of Gotham" order; those who, in this case, attempt to "wall a cuckoo in a field," or perform other similar feats, being designated as weavers. Comfamiliar in the Arabian Nights. No surprise is, of paratively few are of the complicated and involved order course, afforded the student of folk-lore, who looks to the East as the earliest home of story and fable, upon finding how many jokes and stories still surviving, and generally regarded as crisp in novelty, are to be found in the remotest of ascertained sources. Equally remarkable is, of course, the occurrence of some of the most poetical of legends. In Prince Bairam and the Fairy Bride' we have thus the swan maidens, only they are converted into doves. The ogre in his enchanted castle does not say "Fee fo fi fum," but when his wife shelters human wanderers, he cries,

"Where God hath a temple, the Divile will
have a chappell," was an old proverb in England
long before "dear old Robert Burton saw the
light. In vol. i. p. 557, ed. 1886, of that most
useful book, The New English,' by T. L. K.
Oliphant, will be found a reference to it in the
works of Becon (Parker Society). This writer
speaks of "An old proverb used among us,
wheresoever God buildeth his church, there the
devil also buildeth his chapel," in 1560. I can
give other instances, but none quite so early.

I doubt whether Defoe got the idea of his lines
in the True-Born Englishman' from the Ana-
tomy of Melancholy.' The proverb was in use
before the publication of Burton's book. Nashe,
in Christ's Teares,' 1593 (Grosart, iv. 57) says,
"Hath not the diuell hys Chappell close adioyning
to Gods Church?" And again, in 'Have with
you to Saffron Walden,' 1596 (Grosart, iii. 98),
the same writer says, "As like a Church and an
ale-house, God and the diuell, they manie times
dwell neere together." Dekker, in his 'Rauens
Almanacke,' 1609 (Grosart, iv. 220), writes, "And
where God hath a Church, the Deuill hath a
Chappell." Allusions to the proverb are fairly
common in seventeenth century literature. George
Herbert has it in his 'Jacula Prudentum': "No
sooner is a temple built to God but the devil
builds a chapel hard by." Defoe used what was
probably still a current saying; but if he needed to
borrow the idea, he was, I think, more likely to be
indebted to George Herbert's collection of proverbs
than to Burton's casual allusion. With regard to
the "Devil" tavern, is it not kept in memory now
more in connexion with Ben Jonson and its Apollo
room, in which candidates were duly "sealed of
the Tribe of Ben," than with the lines of Walter


Indian Nights Entertainments; or, Folk-Tales from the
Upper Indus. By the Rev. Charles Swynnerton,
F.S.A. (Stock.)

A CURIOUS, valuable, and important collection of
tales is that which Mr. Swynnerton has made from the
Panjabi of the Upper Indus. In their class these stories,
which have been handed down through countless gene-
rations, are among the oldest of human possessions,
being, as says the compiler, "older than the Jâtakas,


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I smell man's flesh,

I smell man's blood.

In The Adventures of Roop and Russunt' is a curious
illustration of the kind of human sacrifice underlying the
"kirk-grim." When a merchant vessel cannot be floated,
vessel will never move until you offer in sacrifice an only
a sorcerer, to whom the sailors apply, declares, "The
son, who must be slain, and whose blood must be caught
and sprinkled on the deck." The fox who, in ordinary
English stories, in order to get rid of his fleas goes into
a running stream with a stick in his mouth, of which,
becomes a jackal. Even the well-known story, current
so soon as they have all taken refuge on it, he lets go,
over the United Kingdom, of potatoes and point, is
found in 'The Two Misers. These two creatures hob-
nob together. One dips sparingly and grudgingly his
counsels him, "Think better of it, and imitate me. I
morsel of bread in a small vessel of ghee. The other
take my vessel of ghee, and hang it, just out of reach, to
a nail in the wall. Then I point at the ghee my scraps
of bread, one by one, as I eat; and, I assure you, I not
only enjoy my ghee just as well, but I make no waste."
To trace all the resemblances to modern stories would be
though a few have, unhappily, been lost, are numerous,
a task as tedious as superfluous. The illustrations, which,
add a special character to the volume. They are all by
native artists, and impart a very lifelike aspect to many of
the tales. They are learned in their way, since "every
caste-costume, every style in turban or dress, every inte-
representing with careful fidelity a condition of things
rior, every scene of whatever kind, is technically correct,
which has remained unchanged for thousands of years."
The volume, which will be warmly welcomed by folk-
lorists, is, by permission, dedicated to Queen Victoria as
Empress of India.

Bisley Bits. By the Rev. J. Cater, Rector of Bisley,
Surrey. (Simpkin & Marshall.)

BISLEY is a little Surrey parish near Windsor, not far from London, and yet. according to its rector's account, it is much out of the world. We confess to folk-strong liking for these old-fashioned, unprogressive places, where life goes on now at much the same pace as it did in the days of our grandfathers. Bisley is a small place. It must have had an interesting church before it was restored. The chancel was on timber-work; but this has been swept way. We cannot find words strong enough

to express our disgust at such an act of wanton destruction. From the engraving Mr. Cater gives it must have been a most quaint and interesting building.

The wooden bell-cote, which the restorers did not sweep away, contains a bell which Mr. Stablechmidt, the author of 'Surrey Bells,' thinks is as old as the fourteenth century. It is inscribed + Fraternitas : FECIT: ME: IN: HONORE: BEATE: MARIE. Some difficulty is presented by the word "Fraternitas," which was used in several senses in the Middle Ages. Here we think it probably signifies some local guild.

Mr. Cater has printed several certificates given by the parish authorities to sufferers from the king's evil, that they might present themselves to receive the royal touch. They are of the time of James II.

A General Catalogue of Books offered to the Public at the Affixed Prices by Bernard Quariich.-Part XVI. The General Index. (Quaritch.)

THOUGH a work of private enterprise and speculation, Mr. Quaritch's catalogue, now completed with a general index, is an important bibliographical possession. Those fortunate enough to possess the whole of the sixteen parts are to be congratulated on having access to the largest mass of information as to the scarcest and dearest books ever probably due to an individual. Two competent bibliographers have been occupied during five years on the compilation of the index, which occupies 427 pages in triple columns, and supplies, it has been computed, over a hundred thousand references. A mere glance at the word Bible will show how enormous is the number of books with which the catalogue is concerned. Cassell's New Biographical Dictionary. (Cassell & Co.) In a portly volume of between seven and eight hundred pages we have here a series of concise biographies of persons of eminence of all countries and ages. Bible characters, such as Balaam and Ahab, or Homeric heroes, Ajax and Æneas, jostle Mr. Austin Dobson and Mr. Edmund Gosse. The particulars are necessarily somewhat scanty, being confined principally to description and dates, but the book for purposes of reference has distinct utility. The Dictionary of National Biography' should, however, be used to correct stereotyped errors, such as the assertion that David Garrick was born in 1716.

THE Christmas number of the Publisher's Circular

(Sampson Low & Co.) might almost be held to constitute a gift-book, so full is it of illustrations. The frontispiece consists of a delightful engraving of Miss Ellen Terry as Queen Katharine. Every year this indispensable work grows larger and of higher interest.

THE Committee-consisting of Edwin Freshfield, LL.D., V.P.S.A.; the Rev. Canon Benham, B.D., F.S.A.; R. S. Faber, M.A.; W. J. Hardy, F.S.A.; J. J. Howard, LL.D., F.S.A. (Maltravers Herald); G. W. Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A. (Rouge Croix); G. H. Overend, F.S.A.; the Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson, D.D., F.S.A.; Mill Stephenson, B.A., F.S.A. (hon. sec. Surrey Archaeological Society); and Ralph Nevill, F.S.A., the hon. sec.-appointed by the Congress of Archæological Societies in union with the Society of Antiquaries for the purpose of considering "the best means of assisting the transcription and publication of parish registers and records," has issued a highly interesting and important report. This furnishes advice and suggestion to those willing to assist in the preservation and transcription of these documents, and supplies a list of the registers already printed or transcribed in manuscript. Those interested in a movement concerning which regret can only be felt that it did not begin earlier will do well to communicate with the honorary secretary at the Society of Antiquaries.

THE monthly meeting of the Bibliographical Society was held on the 19th inst. at 20, Hanover Square, W., Mr. H. S. Ashbee presiding. Mr. Henry B. Wheatley read a paper On the Present Condition of English Bibliography, and Suggestions for the Future.' After reviewing the materials already existing for a general bibliography of English literature, Mr. Wheatley urged that the society should undertake the work of a completa bibliography, which he maintained might be accom plished by well-organized co-operative effort within a reasonable time. A discussion ensued, in which several members took part. A vote of thanks to Mr. Wheatley concluded the proceedings. The society now numbers upwards of a hundred and seventy members. It was announced that the Council had decided to issue an early number of the Transactions. Several donations to the bibliographical library of the society were reported.

By the death, on the 10th inst., of Mr. Lorenzo Christie, of Stackhouse, at the ripe age of ninety years, N. & Q.' loses one of the oldest of its contributors. Mr. Christie was born May 17, 1802, at Nottingham, where his father, Hector Christie, a native of Montrose, and member of a family which had given to that town many provosts and other local worthies, carried on basiness as a lace manufacturer. The deceased married, in 1825, the daughter of Mr. Isaac Bayley, of Lenton Sands, Notts, and went to reside at Lenton, where his children, three sons only, were born. He possessed an excellent memory, which he retained until a few weeks before his death, and was full of interesting information, not only from books, but from observation of men and things Langcliffe Place, J.P. and County Councillor, and Mr. He leaves two surviving sons, Mr. Hector Christie, of Richard Copley Christie, of Ribaden, Windlesham, Sarrey, Chancellor of the Diocese of Manchester. To the last his interest was maintained in N. & Q.,' which, after his eyesight failed, was read to him. The number for Nov. 26 was the last of which he thus took cognizance. His last contribution, dictated in his ninetieth year, on May Dew' appeared in the first number for the present year, 8th S. i. 17.

Notices to Correspondents.

We must call special attention to the following notica: ON all communications must be written the name and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith.

WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately.

To secure insertion of communications correspondents must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested to head the second communication "Duplicate."


Maxima debetur pueris reverentia.

Juvenal ERRATA.-P. 491, col. 2, 1. 21 from bottom, for "Robinson" read Robertson; p. 492, col. 1, 1. 4 from bottom, for "Dialogues" read Dialogus.

CORRIGENDUM.-P. 493, col. 1, 1. 4, for "6th " read 3r


Editorial Communications should be addressed to" The Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Advertisements DJ Business Letters to "The Publisher"-at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return cammunications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception.

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Author of 'Cross Currents,' 'A Mist of Error,' 'Her Inheritance,' A Social Success,'
'Kitty's Victim,' 'An Outstanding Debt,' &c.;


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Author of The Thirteenth Brydain,' ' Catherine Maidment's Burden,'' Benefit of Clergy,' 'The Vicar's Aunt,' 'A Spring Dream,' &c.

Sold at all Railway Bookstalls, Booksellers', and Newsvendors'.

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