Hand-books of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy: Mechanics

Front Cover
C. Lockwood & Company, 1877
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Contents

Destructive distillation
20
Pores The Florentine experiment
22
Compressibility
23
Compressibility of liquids
24
Compressibility of gases
25
Limits of the elastic force
27
Elasticity of torsion
28
Dilatability ib 43 General effects of dilatation and contraction
29
CHAPTER IV
30
Modification of elasticity and hardness in the same body
31
Flexibility and brittleness
33
SECT PAGE 49 Annealing
34
Welding ib 51 Ductility ib 52 Tenacity
35
Chemical properties
36
BOOK II
38
Inertia ib 56 Proofs and examples of inertia
40
CHAPTER VI
43
Direction ib 60 Forces in same direction 14
44
Parallelogram of forces
46
Malleability
48
Resultant of any number of forces
49
Parallel forces in opposite directions
51
Couple ib 70 Mechanical effect of a couple
52
Equilibrium of couples
53
Two forces in different planes
54
Examples 53 54
56
CHAPTER VII
58
Table of velocities
59
Uniform velocity
60
Composition of motion
61
Two motions in one direction 82 Two motions in different directions
62
Examples
63
Forces acting on a ship or boat
65
Other examples on composition of motion
68
Motion of billiard balls
70
Direct proof of the earths rotation Further illustra
72
Forces acting on a kite
74
Absolute and relative motion 90 Momentum
75
Examples 92 General conditions of the equality of momenta 63 65 68 70
78
CHAPTER VIII
79
Examples
81
Collision of two bodies moving in the same direction ib 96 Action and reaction
82
Collision of bodies moving in opposite directions
83
Examples 85 99 Oblique impact
85
Action and reaction modified by elasticity 101 Perfect and imperfect elasticity
86
Apparatus to illustrate collision experimentally
89
The laws of motion
91
SECT
94
Accelerated motion
100
Atwoods machine
110
Projectiles
116
Influence of time upon the effect of force
122
Centre of gravity
130
Stability
135
Examples
141
Calculation of effects of central force
148
Motion down a convex curve
160
Principal axis
166
Summary of facts and formulæ for motion
177
CHAPTER XII
190
BOOK III
196
Proper functions of a machine
204
CHAPTER XIV
210
Three kinds of lever
212
Spring balances
218
The kneelever
224
Differential wheel and axle
230
Practical examples
231
Utility of friction
232
The screw
233
Examples
234
Hunters screw
235
Bevelled wheels
236
Endless screw
237
Practical effect very different from theoretical
244
250
250
255
255
Pendulum
257
Reciprocating rectilinear motion
263
Trunnions
272
CHAPTER XVI
273
Varying power opposed to uniform resistance 250 Uniform power opposed to varying resistance
274
Regulators 252 The governor
275
Clamps and adjusting screws
276
Fusee
277
Crank
278
237
280
Flywheel 256 Mainspring 257 Clockwork moved by a weight
281
Hammers sledges etc 259 Inertia supplies means of accumulating force
282
Position of the flywheel 261 Modification of motion
285
Continued rectilinear motion
286
Mechanical agents
298
301
301
273
303
ib 275
304
277
305
278
307
280
311
281
313
282
314
Use of rollers
315
285
316
287
317
Railways
318
Brakes
319
Imperfect flexibility of ropes
320
Resistance of fluids
322
Ponderous missiles 293 Resistance of air to motion of falling bodies 316 ib 317
323
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
325
Strength to resist pressure
329
Strength to resist torsion
331
Strength to resist transverse strain
332
Steamhorse
351
Capillary attraction
357
325
370
329
377
331
378
332
381
Watches and chronometers
385
BOOK IV
393
Drops for loading and unloading ships
400
The sledge hammer
406
Planing machine
414
Screwcutting engine
421
CHAPTER XXIV
424
CHAPTER XXV
427
Position of gnomon
428
Clepsydra
429
Sandglass
430
Clocks and watches
431
Pendulum
432
Compensation pendulums
433
Harrisons gridiron pendulum
434
Mercurial pendulum
435
Another compensation pendulum
436
Connection between pendulum and escapement
437
Motion of hand intermitting
439
How the motion of the pendulum is sustained ib 365 Its action upon the escapement
440
Motion of hands how proportioned ib 367 Method of cutting wheels and pinions
441
Mainspring
443
Fusee
445
Balance wheel
448
Isochronism
449
Movement imparted to the hands of a watch
450
Movements of the hands of a clock
453
To regulate the rate
455
Recoil escapement
457
Cylindrical escapement
458
Duplex escapement
460
Lever escapement
461
Detached escapement
462
Maintaining power in clocks
463
Maintaining power in watches
465
Cases in which either weights or springs are used
467
CHAPTER XXVI
473
Further improvement
483
Wollastons micrometric wire
15

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