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certain corner-stones; viz. the particular feature or features which circumstances have called into greater prominence in each age, as Divine grace and foreknowledge, at one time, or the Church, as at this time. He observes, that the several "principles are to be regarded but as large practical hints, which we cannot err by separately obeying, but which we must not at present try to unite into a symmetrical whole." The bulk of the sermon is occupied with an inquiry how far we are in danger of falling into this error. But he is led to consider how far, and under what circumstances "the Church in general, and the Anglican communities in particular," have committed themselves to "a scientific theology," and "enforced the reception of Divine truth as represented by certain logical formula." gives rise to an appendix on "a just appreciation of the œcumenical dogmatic divinity to which our own Church has committed us," which is connected with an examination of the drift of Bishop Hampden's Bampton Lectures; in which Mr. Gardenalthough greatly disagreeing "with many of its statements"sees "nothing amounting to heresy therein, and nothing, therefore, to warrant ecclesiastical proceedings against the author." We much fear that Mr. Garden is tinged with the class of errors prevalent in the present day, to which we have been obliged to direct attention at some length in the present Number.


But it is not on these hard subjects only that Mr. Garden exercises his pen. We will quote a passage from another sermon -the seventh, which, we apprehend, will come home to the hearts of most persons. The sermon is on the text, "The heart knoweth its own bitterness, &c." And he says:

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"We may be sometimes apt to repine at this necessary separation between ourselves and others to wish, as we say, that they could really read our hearts; to wish that we could unburden ourselves to them.. But it is not granted upon earth. There is no one to whom we can tell the whole, and well, indeed, that there should not be; for frail creatures like us are in mercy kept from knowing the whole of each other's minds. Could we do justice to each other? Supposing any one of us were to have his whole heart disclosed to another, would it be possible for that other still to love him? Would there not be revealed before that other an amount of meanness, of sordid selfish thought, of degrading vanity, of dark, bad passion, such as he had never before suspected of?

Should we not, if we knew all the secrets of each other's hearts, be all turning away from one another as from ghastly spectres? Well, then, is it that mortal and sinful hearts are thus, in some sort, a secret the one from the other. The curtain that conceals so much that is unseemly and repulsive, enables us to fix an undistracted eye on the tokens

of God's grace in each other. We can, in consequence, appreciate (and perhaps we otherwise could not) the faith, the self-denial, the tenderness, the love of God's saints. Those faults of theirs, which it would do us no good to contemplate, which it is enough for them to repent of in secret before their God, are not allowed to hinder our view of the triumph of Divine grace that has really taken place within them. We feel confident that the fair fruits of holiness which they exhibit are no deception-they are really there, however much may be present also which it would not be safe for us to see and so we may calmly wait for the time when all hearts shall be open before each other; when there shall be nothing in any redeemed soul to dim the pure light of his regenerate nature; nothing to disturb our view of that mind that was in Christ Jesus, which has, by God's grace, been formed and perfected in him also."-pp. 94, 95.

v.-The First French Book: on the plan of "Henry's First Latin Book." By the Rev. THOMAS KERCHEVER ARNOLD. London: Rivingtons. 1848

-seems as clear, and will, we make no doubt, prove as extensively useful, as Mr. Arnold's numerous other educational works.

VI.-Arithmetic for Young Children. By H. GRANT. New Edition. London: Grant and Griffiths. 1848.

THIS appears to be a very useful little series of exercises, for very young children, in that science of the beginning of which any one, with any degree of experience in teaching, will confess the great difficulty. It is preceded by some modest and sensible Introductory Remarks on Teaching Arithmetic.

VII.-Discipline. By the Author of "Letters to my Unknown Friends." Longmans. 1848.

THIS little book is a sort of tract for the higher classes, on the daily trials of life; it is divided into six parts, adapted for selfexamination at the end of each week day, during which the attention has been specially directed to one particular sin; it is intended to show, practically, that the heaviest part of our daily cross is imposed by our own proud and self-indulgent hearts, whereas if these petty vexations were studied by the eye of faith, they would fill us with gratitude and love, as we perceived how each had been adapted to bring us closer to God. Pride, vanity, dis

content, selfishness, self-indulgence, and worldliness, are perhaps the sins we are all most liable to fall into in common life. This little manual will be found useful to many who are anxious to undertake the discipline of life, in the same humble but earnest spirit in which the book is written.

VIII. Annotations on St. Paul's Second Epistle to the Corinthians, designed chiefly for the use of Students of the Greek Text. By THOMAS WILLIAMSON PEILE, D.D., &c. &c. London: Rivingtons.

THIS is the third portion, completing the first volume, of the author's "Annotations on the Apostolical Epistles."

We have already expressed our opinion of the general plan and execution of these Annotations, in our review and notice of the preceding parts; and little is, therefore, left to us, in respect of the present, beyond an announcement of its appearance, and an intimation that the literary character of the work is fully sustained. This epistle, too, is of a nature to put the sagacity and expertness of a commentator fairly to task; because, besides occasional difficulties of language in the way of certain apprehension and clear exposition, it is, as must often be the case with epistolary remains, strongly impregnated with bare allusion to the circumstances which called forth its various portions; and it can, at the same time, receive, on this point, but scanty light from external sources.

We regret to observe that Dr. Peile refers to Neander and others of the same class as authorities; and we also regret to find that he has been misled by the erroneous and mischievous work of the Chevalier Bunsen- "the Church of the Future "-into the adoption of views on the Christian Ministry which, in their legitimate operation, tend, in our opinion, to the subversion of Episcopacy. If Episcopal Ordination is held to be needless, the way at once prepared for the subversion of the Church, because a mere form of Church Government of human invention ought not to stand in the way of the reunion of those who object almost wholly to it. We fear that Dr. Peile allows German writers to have too much influence with him.


IX.-Brothers and Sisters; a Tale of Domestic Life. By FREDRIKA BREMER, Author of "The Neighbours," "The Home," &c. Translated from the original unpublished MS. By MARY HowITT. 3 vols. 8vo. London: Colburn. 1848.

IF Miss Bremer is wise, she will keep to the intention declared in these volumes of writing no other novel. She has reached the VOL. X.-NO. XX.-DEC. 1848.

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highest pinnacle of excellence which she can hope to attain, and having done so, it would be the mark of sound sense to stop. For, whatever be its faults, and they are great, the work before us is one of great merit, and stands without a rival amongst the productions of its authoress. The delineation of character is wonderful-the unpretending pathos irresistible-the humour delicate and delightful-the examples of self-denial and self-devotion with their rewards which meet us in one page, and the evil consequences of self-will and self-indulgence which stand opposite to them, have a powerful moral effect. Miss Bremer is not, however, free from those rationalistic tendencies and those latitudinarian principles which in most other lands reign entirely undisputed, and are, even in England, contending for supremacy. And, in addition to these faults, we are frequently pained with the irreverence of expressions, which though natural on the lips of those who use them, are offensive to the English ear-the ear, we mean, of those who are not accustomed to hear the holiest name taken in vain as a matter of course. It is fair, however, to say, that where these expressions occur, they are in the mouths of persons, who evidently use them, as the authoress repeats them, without any evil intention.

The character of Augustin is nobly imagined—that of Hedwig is almost angelic-Engel is a sweet girl-Gothilda a delightful creature-Bror the perfection of good-natured humour-Ivor the personification of false principle guided by headstrong passionGerda powerfully drawn-Sigurd, a master-piece of "mannishness"-Karin, a sweet and beautiful creation, graceful in the extreme-but our great favourite, the real hero of the book, is Uncle Herkales, a noble old soldier, a gentleman, and a Christian: the scene where he prays for his perverse nephew is one of the most beautiful with which we are acquainted.

The book, however, is not one that can be skimmed-it must be carefully read through to be really appreciated. We conclude this notice with the following beautiful extract:

"People talk about how much youth adorns home, but a beautiful old age does so no less, And without an old man or an old woman a family picture is not complete, and without them the domestic virtues cannot fully develop their beautiful existence. Youth is never more amiable than when it looks in love and reverence on the old-the old never more beautiful than when they bow themselves down to the young in affectionate care. And beautiful and remarkable is that impulse which always arises in domestic life, the eldest and the youngest in a mutual interchange of comfort and joy."-Vol. i. pp. 63, 64.

x.-Travels in the Great Desert of Sahara, in the Years 1845 and 1846. By JAMES RICHARDSON. 2 vols. 8vo. London: Bentley. 1848.

THERE is a good deal of amusement and information to be ob tained from these volumes-though they might be advantageously subjected to a winnowing machine. Mr. Richardson gives a graphic account of life in the desert-and his very carelessness at times renders the picture more actual and full than it would otherwise be. His repetitions and varying impressions of the same external circumstances and things give a reality to the picture that he draws; though some of them might have been omitted with advantage. We could have spared, too, his own observations-especially those which have a quasi-religious character-and a great portion of the sublime and the sentimental might have remained unwritten. Despite, however, all this there is really a great deal of what is useful and agreeable in the book; and it may be read with pleasure by any one who will excuse the follies in which extreme conceit has at times led the author to indulge.

In this, as in many other books of travels, we are painfully struck by the contrast between the deep reality-the all-pervading, all-controlling power of Mohammedanism as received by the vast majority of its professors-and the hollow conventionalism which so often supplies the place of religion in our own land, and the obnoxious superstition or offensive rationalism which disgusts us in so many parts of continental Europe. With the Arab and the Tuarick, the faith which he professes, and such as it is he has neither added thereto nor diminished therefrom, is the lifespring of all thought, and language, and action-it regulates and absorbs his whole being. But enough of this for the present at least-we may return to it hereafter but we cannot help quoting, with some feeling of shame, the conclusion arrived at by the pious Moslems of Ghadames—" You Christians know every thing but God."

As we have spoken freely of the defects of the work before us, we feel it due to the author to give a few samples of the better portions of his work, assured that they will interest our readers. Take the following description of the author's interview with the Pasha of Tripoli.

"This afternoon His Highness Mehemet Ali Pasha had arranged to grant me an interview. I was introduced, of course, by our ConsulGeneral, Colonel Warrington. Mr. Casolaina, the Chancellor of the Consulate, and his son were in attendance as interpreters. His Highness receives all strangers and transacts all business in an apartment of

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