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day in which the air sleeps, when light and heat are found united in all the intensity of their power. "This verse," says Bishop Horsley, "seems to describe a long suspension of the visible interpositions of Providence in the affairs of the world and in favour of His people, under the image of that stillness and stagnation of the atmosphere which takes place in the extreme heats of the latter end of summer." There are several passages where this retirement of Jehovah and the suspension of His manifested interference is spoken of. See Hosea v. 15, "I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence and seek my face. In their affliction they shall seek me early." See also Ps. lxxviii. 65, "Then the Lord awaked as one out of sleep," &c.

[There is not the slightest reason for rendering in this passage otherwise than "light." Even if it were the plural, which it is not, there would be no justification for translating it "herbs," except one passage in 2 Kings iv. 39, where too the translation may be questioned, for л may be the specific name of some peculiar herb or plant, and not "herbs" in general. If it were the word to express "herbs" generally, it is strange that we do not find it elsewhere used. In Is. xxvi. 19, I should certainly render it thus-"Thy dew is as the dew of light"-ros matutinus, ["lights" in the plural being a Hebraism, indicating fulness and completeness of light, as when the bright morning sun has arisen.] The dew when it falls silently and secretly at the evening hour, indicates the approach, not of the activities of day, but of the repose of night; whereas when it is found resting on the earth when the sun ariseth in its strength, it is not only seen covering the earth with a mantle of brightness as it reflects the morning ray, but ushers in the day of activity and life. There is a difference, therefore, between the dew of darkness and the dew of light. The morning of Israel's new and millennial day will have come when this passage in Isaiah is fulfilled.]

In the passage which we are considering, the thought is intensity of light accompanied by intensity of heat (heat coming upon light) as in a clear still summer day. Some think that this exceeding serenity and calm is here referred to as premonitory of the tempest that is to follow. Doubtless a tempest will follow, but it does not seem to be referred to in the language here.

"For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in the flower."] That is, just when the nations, under Antichrist, shall be expecting to reach the result of all their efforts;

just when the flower has given place to the yet unripened grape, the mighty hand of the God of Israel shall be put forth against the vine of human hopes, and "the vine of the earth" shall be cut down, and the branches thereof be left to perish in rottenness and dishonour. Man, therefore, will never reap the harvest of his toil. God will lay it waste; and they who have laboured therein will reap the whirlwind.

Then such of the nations as shall be spared (the nation addressed in this chapter more especially) shall bring their present to the Lord of Hosts - Israel being that present.

The whole passage may be rendered thus:

Ho, Land shadowing with wings,

Which (art) beyond the rivers of Cush:

That sendest by sea ambassadors,

Even in vessels of reed,

Over the face of the waters, saying,

Go, ye swift messengers

To a nation dragged captive and peeled,

To a nation terrible from this day and onward;
A nation meted out and trodden under foot,*
Whose Land the Rivers have spoiled! [or despised.]

All ye inhabitants of the world and dwellers on earth,
What time He lifteth up an ensign on the mountains
Ye shall see,

And what time He soundeth a trumpet

Ye shall hear.

For thus hath Jehovah said unto me,

I will be still and consider in my place

Like clear heat upon light,

Like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.

For afore the harvest, when the bud is finished,

And the unripe grape is following on (literally, recompenseth) the


He shall both cut off the sprigs with hooks,

And the branches, He shall remove and sever.

They shall be left together unto the fowl of the mountains,

And to the beasts of the earth:

* Literally, a nation of line, line, and of down-treading.

And there shall summer upon them, the fowl,

And all the beasts of the earth upon them shall winter.

At that time shall be brought

A present to Jehovah of Hosts,

Of a people dragged captive and peeled,

And from a people terrible from this day and onward;

A nation meted out and trodden under foot,

Whose Land the Rivers have spoiled,

To the place of the name of Jehovah of Hosts,

Examination of a work entitled "Christ's Second Coming. Till it be Premillennial?" by Reb. David Brown, D.D.

THAT there is to be a time when the history of this Adamic earth will end, and when "new Heavens and a new Earth" will be created worthy of the glory of the Second Man, the Last Adam, is a truth that must be recognised by all who bow to the testimony of Holy Scripture : but whether before the history of this Adamic earth ends, there is to be another dispensation in many respects contrasted with the present, is a question about which many varying opinions have been of late years expressed. Dr. Brown, in the work before us, has considered that question; and has answered it in the negative. He thinks that the present dispensation is the last imperfect dispensation, and that when it ends, it will be immediately followed by the creation of the new Heavens and new Earth in which righteousness in all perfectness will for ever dwell—that consequently no millennial dispensation is to intervene between the present period and the everlasting age.

Dr. Brown's book has attained, especially in Scotland, great notoriety. That it should be popular cannot be wondered at. He writes with vigour and clearness; and many of the statements which he has found in the works of millennial writers and which he assails, are no doubt indefensible. He draws a vivid but not untrue picture of the manner in which many millennial writers have made Truth their plaything whilst putting forward their own unscriptural fancies about the millennial age: he exposes the fallacy of such notions; and if it could only be shown that the doctrine of the millennial reign of Christ necessarily involved the acceptance of such errors, Dr. Brown's triumph would be complete.

But there are many (myself among the number) who whilst firmly

believing in the coming of a thousand years of peace and blessing to this earth, do, nevertheless, utterly reject those unscriptural statements, by which in the early centuries as well as in more modern times, the doctrine of the millennial reign of Christ has been discredited. For example, we draw the strongest distinction between the millennial Heavens and Earth, which, though altered, will be essentially the same Adamic creation that we now behold, and the new Heavens and new Earth which will be strictly a new creation, formed in suitability to the heavenly glory of the Second Man, and in suitability to the spiritual bodies of the redeemed. We believe that neither Christ nor any of the glorified saints will ever again have this Adamic earth as their home. Their home will be above the Heavens. We believe that the Gospel which the millennial earth will hear and welcome, will be no different Gospel from that now preached—but the same everlasting Gospel, bringing all who receive it into the possession of the self-same spiritual and eternal blessings as are the portions of believers now. They will be justified through the blood and righteousness of the same Substitute-be baptized by the same Spirit-stand under the same everlasting Priest-be united with the same risen Lord, and finally be presented before the Father alike changed into Christ's heavenly likeness. We believe that Israel being, as a nation, converted at the commencement of the millennial age, will be the great missionaries to the earth-that the Gospel preached by them will be welcomed, and that millions will thus be gathered into the garners of God;-the millennium thus becoming the great harvest-time of the earth. We believe that the Church of God is one-that it includes not a part of, but all, the redeemed. We believe that all who have believed from Adam to Moses, and from Moses to Christ, and from Christ to the commencement of the millennial age, and likewise all who shall believe during the millennial age, shall finally form one glorified Church (each member thereof bearing the risen likeness of his Lord) in the new Heavens and new Earth. We believe that the Mediatorship and Priesthood of Christ are everlasting -"Thou art a Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedek "—and that the redeemed will stand under Christ as their Mediator, Priest, and King, for ever and ever. However true, therefore, it may be, that many millennial writers have rejected some or all of these truths, yet such aberrations are not to be imputed to those who whilst they believe in the millennial reign of Christ, do at the same time, cleave to the doctrines that have just been recited.

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