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ERRATA

Correction of the Land Registration Commission in the publication of the notice of initial hearing on Land Reg. Case No. N-557, of the Court of First Instance of Batangas, ADRIANO MATUNDAN, ET. AL., applicants, LRC Record No. N-27396, appearing in the issues of November 8 and November 15, 1965, Volume 61, Nos. 45 and 46, pages 7183 and 7381, respectively, to wit:

The tie line of Lot 5 on plan Psu-210271 should be Point "1" is S. 30 deg., 14' W., 2444.61 m. from Bell Tower, instead of S. 30 deg., 14'W., 244.61 m. from Bell Tower, as published.

MGA KAUTUSANG TAGAPAGPAGANAP, PAHAYAG AT

KAUTUSANG PAMPANGASIWAAN

(EXECUTIVE ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS AND
ADMINISTRATIVE ORDERS)

MALACAÑANG

RESIDENCE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES

MANILA

LETTER OF INSTRUCTIONS No. 1031

To: The Minister of Finance

The Minister of National Defense

The Minister of Tourism

The Minister of Foreign Affairs

The Minister of the Budget

The Minister of Public Information

The Commissioner of Customs

The Chief, Philippine Constabulary

The Director-General, Integrated National Police

The Director-General, National Intelligence and Secu-
rity Authority

The Commissioner, Napolcom

The Commanding General, Aviation Security Command
The Director, National Media Production Center

The Manager, Manila International Airport

The Commissioner of Immigration

The Governor, Central Bank of the Philippines

The Governor, Metro Manila Commission

The President, Philippine National Bank

The Director, Philippine Convention Bureau

The Manager, Philippine International Convention
Center

WHEREAS, I have authorized the National Bureau of
Investigation to host the 49th General Assembly of the
International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) in
Manila from 13 November to 21 November 1980;

WHEREAS, the Organization has been established to promote international cooperation and coordination, development and advancement on matters relating Law Enforcement among some 131 member-countries the world over;

WHEREAS, the forthcoming General Assembly will bring honor and prestige to the country, it being the first time that such assembly will be held in the Philippines;

WHEREAS, holding the Assembly in Manila will help focus attention on the advances made by our country in providing law and order to all people, as well as project to the international community the economic, social, political and cultural achievements of the New Society;

017842

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, hereby direct that all government ministries, corporations, agencies and offices extend their full assistance and support to the organizing committee in its work.

Done in the City of Manila, this 28th day of May, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty.

(Sgd.) FERDINAND E. MARCOS President of the Philippines

MGA HATOL NG KATAAS-TAASANG HUKUMAN

(DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT)

SALVADOR B. DE GUZMAN, SUPREME COURT REPORTER

[G. R. No. L-31866. November 7, 1979]

EN BANC

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. CARLOS
CARAMONTE, Defendant-Appellant.

Solicitor General Estelito P. Mendoza and Asst. Solicitors
General Jaime M. Lantin and Reynato S. Puno for
plaintiff-appellee.

Victorino U. Montecillo for defendant-appellant.

SYNOPSIS

On December 31, 1967, armed men sacked two places in Negros Occidental, Toboso town in the early morning and Cadiz City in the evening. Defendant-appellant was charged: (a) with robbery with multiple homicide and less serious physical injuries for the raid in Toboso; and (b) with robbery for the raid in Cadiz City. In the course of the investigations defendant-appellant executed an affidavit admitting his participation in the robberies in Toboso and Cadiz City, and made numerous corrections in the exhibits presented, which was followed by a re-enactment of the incident where he played his role voluntarily and assumed different positions on his own volition. At the trial, defendant-appellant repudiated the voluntariness of his extrajudicial confession alleging that the same was extracted through force, intimidation, violence and threat and interposed the defense of alibi. The trial court found accused-appellant guilty of the crime charged for the raid in Toboso and was sentenced to death, but was acquitted of the crime charged for the raid in Cadiz City.

On automatic review the Supreme Court held that while confessions, especially those extrajudicially made, are to be carefully scrutinized before their admission, they are presumed to be voluntary until the contrary is proved. Appealed decision was affirmed but for lack of the required number of votes, the penalty was reduced to reclusion perpetua.

Judgment modified.

SYLLABUS

of the Ruling of the Court

1. REMEDIAL LAW; EVIDENCE; EXTRAJUDICIAL CONFESSIONS; TEST OF ADMISSIBILITY.-The Rules of Court, Rule 130, Section 29 provides: "The declaration of an accused expressly acknowl

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