Religion in the Age of Romanticism: Studies in Early Nineteenth-Century Thought
Cambridge University Press, 1985 M09 12 - 303 pages
This book presents studies of early-nineteenth century religious thought in Germany, France and Italy in so far as it reflected the influence of the Romantic movement. Romanticism may be notoriously difficult to define, but the cast of mind usually associated with it - manifest in philosophy, theology and social theory as well as in literature, music and the visual arts - is never hard to detect, even though the forms of its expression may vary widely. The authors considered, including Schleiermacher, Hegel, Schelling, Rosmini, Lamennais, Renan and Comte, all took religion seriously as voicing a fundamental impulse of the human spirit, even if the doctrines and institutions of Christianity had in their view to be either radically modified or else rejected outright. They were not satisfied with what they were apt to regard as the 'soulless' rationalism of the preceding century, as equally they feared the growing encroachment of natural science upon the freedom and indeed the self-identity of the human consciousness. A middle way, they sensed, had to be found - one grounded in man's moral and aeshetic experience - between the old orthodoxy and sterile unbelief.
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Romanticism idealism and religious belief
Schleiermacher on the religious consciousness
Hegel and Christianity
The idea of God in the philosophy of Schelling
German Catholic theology in the Romantic era
Italian ontologism Gioberti and Rosmini
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actual appear authority become believe Catholic cause century Christ Christian church complete Comte concept condition consciousness continue course critical dependence determined distinction divine doctrine doubt entire essential eternal existence experience expression fact faith feeling finally finite freedom given Hegel historical human idea ideal imagination immediate individual infinite influence intellectual intelligence interest intuition Italy knowledge Lamennais later less living logical man's matter means metaphysical mind moral nature necessary never object original Paris particular past philosophy political positive possible present principle published pure question rational reality reason regard relation religion religious Renan revelation Romantic Rosmini Schelling Schleiermacher scientific seemed sense simply social society speculative Spirit teaching theology things thinking thought tradition true truth ultimate understanding unity universe whole