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boys' regiment under a special appropriation, which does not show in these figures, as it was not an expenditure from mainte

nance.

At Rochester the total expenditure for clothing was $12,088.72 as compared with $12,770.46, a decrease of $681.74, while the per capita expenditure was $19.85 as compared with $15.70, an increase of $1.15. The allowance for clothing at this institution was larger than for the preceding year, while the reduction in population operated materially to increase the per capita cost.

At Rome the total expenditure for clothing was $6,214.69 as compared with $5,063.73, an increase of $1,150.96, while the per capita expenditure was $8.67 as compared with $7.42, an increase of $1.25.

At Sonyea the total expenditure for clothing was $9,844.42 as compared with $8,702.36, an increase of $1,142.06, while the per capita expenditure was $9.92 as compared with $10.40, a decrease of 48 cents.

At Syracuse the total expenditure for clothing was $4,539.92, as compared with $4,516.22, an increase of $23.70, while the per capita expenditure was $8.77, as compared with $8.87, a decrease of 10 cents.

At West Haverstraw the total expenditure for clothing was $98.03, as compared with $109.78, a decrease of $11.75, while the per capita expenditure was $3.30, as compared with $4.36, a decrease of $1.06, due to increased population.

The total expenditure for fuel and light in the fifteen institutions was $184,163.11 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1905, as compared with $187,372.49 for the preceding year, a decrease of $3,209.38. This further decrease in the cost of fuel and light, while it is not large this year, shows that the very

marked saving shown a year ago, as compared with the preceding year, was not ephemeral but that the reduction made last year is a permanent one. The winter of 1904-05 was practically as severe as the winter of 1903-04, so that the further reduction in expenditures for fuel and light was not attributable to mild weather. The principal factor which has operated to reduce the cost of heating and lighting these institutions during the past two years, as compared with the preceding years, was the stoppage of waste in heat and power through unprotected steam mains and leaky valves. This was one of the first pieces of work undertaken by this Department, and results have shown its thoroughness and value.

At Albion the total expenditure for fuel and light was $5,347.60 as compared with $4,589.09, an increase of $758.51, while the per capita expenditure was $28.77 as compared with $31.75, a per capita decrease of $2.98. This decrease of nearly 10 per cent. in the per capita expenditure is due to the effect of the institution's large increase in population with no increase in the buildings to be heated and lighted.

At Batavia the total expenditure for fuel and light was $4,131.60 as compared with $4,971.30, a decrease of $839.70, while the per capita expenditure was $30.21 as compared with $39.01, a per capita decrease of $8.80, which decreased per capita was due chiefly to the shortness of the school year, as previously explained.

At Bath the total expenditure for fuel and light was $32,478.64 as compared with $35,832.43, a decrease of $3,353.79, while the per capita expenditure was $17.89 as compared with $20.08, a decrease of $2.19. Aside from the increased population, which would tend to reduce the per capita expenditure, but which would not account for any decrease in the lump expenditure, more care

ful methods in the fire room entered into consideration at this Institution.

At Bedford the total expenditure for fuel and light was $7,441.43 as compared with $7,801.36, a decrease of $359.93, while the per capita expenditure was $32.85 as compared with $36.93, a decrease of $4.08, due chiefly to an increase in population with no increase in space to be heated.

At Elmira the total expenditure for fuel and light was $20,529.66 as compared with $23,517.29, a decrease of $2,987.63, while the per capita expenditure was $15.85 as compared with $16.95, a decrease of $1.10. This decrease in the total expenditure was due chiefly to the covering of all the steam mains in the conduit, thereby requiring a smaller amount of coal. The burning of one of the buildings came too late in the season to have any.very marked effect upon coal consumption.

At Hudson the total expenditure for fuel and light was $7,486.85 as compared with $7,737.56, a decrease of $250.71, while the per capita expenditure was $40.66 as compared with $46.16, a decrease of $5.50, which is almost directly traceable to the increase in population.

At Iroquois the total expenditure for fuel and light was $3,350.29 as compared with $3,936.51, a decrease of $586.22, while the per capita expenditure was $20.88 as compared with $25.37, a decrease of $4.49.

At Newark the total expenditure for fuel and light was $7.647.90 as compared with $6,893.09, an increase of $754.81, while the per capita expenditure was $13.67 as compared with $12.94, an increase of 73 cents. Heat was kept on the new cottage at this institution while it was being finished, which would account practically for this entire increase.

At Oxford the total expenditure for fuel and light was $5,952.35 as compared with $6,391.09, a decrease of $438.74, while the per capita expenditure was $40.07 as compared with $44.72, a decrease of $4.65, which is partly attributable to increase in population and partly to better work in the fire room.

At Randall's Island the total expenditure for fuel and light was $15,844.49 as compared with $18,359.94, a decrease of $2,515.45, while the per capita expenditure was $22.53 as compared with $21.25, an increase of $1.28. This increased per capita, with a decreased total expenditure is directly the result of the large decrease in population, the same building space having to be heated for a population of 703 as was heated during the preceding year for 864. The decrease in the total expenditure is due to the fact that better coal was received during the. past year than during the preceding year.

At Rochester the total expenditure for fuel and light was $20,617.94 as compared with $24,176.79, a decrease of $3,558.85, while the per capita expenditure was $33.85 as compared with $29.73, an increase of $4.12. As at Randall's Island, this increased per capita, with a decreased total expenditure, is due to the falling off of over twenty-five per cent. in the population. Owing to the decrease in population the north building in Rochester was not used, but four farm houses at Rush were heated.

At Rome the total expenditure for fuel and light was $15,933.71 as compared with $11,833.26, an increase of $4,100.45, while the per capita expenditure was $22.23 as compared with $17.33, an increase of $4.90. This increase, both in the total expenditure and in the per capita expenditure, resulted from the failure to return the condensation to the boilers, the exhaust steam being discharged into the open air, thereby causing a great waste in fuel. The fault of this lay with the engine room force.

At Sonyea the total expenditure for fuel and light was $23,414.48 as compared with $16,740.81, an increase of $6,673.67, while the per capita expenditure was $23.60 as compared with $20.01, an increase of $3.59. Additional building space to be heated accounts for a portion of this, but the greater part of the increase is apparent rather than actual. In the summer and fall of 1903 a large quantity of coal was purchased for this institution and paid for out of the funds for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1903. This purchase was made at that time. for the reason that difficulty had been experienced the previous year in the matter of winter shipments, and was a precautionary measure to prevent a shortage of coal during cold weather. One effect of this was to reduce the expenditure for fuel and light a year ago by practically the amount of this advance purchase. The apparent increase this year is mainly an offset to the apparent decrease a year ago.

At Syracuse, the total expenditure for fuel and light was $13,127.87 as compared with $14,102.97, a decrease of $975.10, while the per capita expenditure was $25.35 as compared with $27.68, a decrease of $2.33. This decrease in both total and per capita expenditure is mainly due to better work done by the fireroom force.

At West Haverstraw the total expenditure for fuel and light was $858.30 as compared with $489, an increase of $369.30, while the per capita expenditure was $28.88 as compared with $19.40, an increase of $9.48, which is accounted for by the removal of this institution in the spring of 1905 to its new and larger quarters at West Haverstraw, and the cost of heating and lighting a larger building.

The total expenditure for hospital and medical supplies of the

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