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requisite amount of corn. A large acreage of field corn, beans and potatoes was planted on this farm; it was also the most successful of the farms on the tract in its cabbage crop.
It is a comparatively simple matter to sit in one's office at the end of a season and describe the establishment and work of four farms or colonies of boys. It is a different proposition, however, to assemble the twenty horses, harnesses, wagons, farm tools, seeds, housekeeping furniture and utensils necessary to make possible the establishment and work of these colonies. It has not been possible to do a great many things that it was hoped to do with the beginning of spring.
Steam heating systems have been installed at Farms" F," "G" and "H," by the chief engineer, with the assistance of the boys. New sectional cast iron boilers were purchased, and radiators, pipe and fittings were taken from the first division building in the city institution which has been abandoned.
The work at the three farm colonies established last year has gone forward satisfactorily, and has been fairly successful in the main.
On the first of October, 1904, these three farms began to supply the city institution with half of the milk used. On the first of April, 1905, they took up the burden of supplying all the milk required, and will continue to do so as long as the institution remains in the city. All this means much hard work on the part of the boys at these farms, and a great deal of responsibility on the part of the supervisors in charge.
At Farm "A" the milk production of last winter was attended by difficulties owing to the fact that there had been no opportunities for erecting a silo, and the corn crop had been very largely a failure. A new silo has been erected and filled this sum
mer, and this farm will now be equally well equipped as the other two for producing its share of the required quantity of milk.
One of the very interesting sights of the farm is a herd of more than fifty young cattle. They have been raised on the farm since the first cows were purchased in June, 1904. An effort has been made to raise every calf, and with few exceptions the efforts have been successful, and the result being that at the present time there are seventy head of calves and young cattle on the farm.
The cows, seventy-six in number, are all, with two or three exceptions, either full blood or grade Holsteins.
At the head
of the herd is the registered bull "King Clothilde Pietertje, No. 3277," which was purchased on October 10, 1904.
Farms "A," "B" and "C," the ones above referred to as producing milk for the city institution, have twenty-one cows each. Farms "D," "F," "G" and "H" have three or four each, sufficient to produce the milk for the family. The stables at these farms are not adequate nor suitable for dairy.
In speaking of improvements to buildings, mention should be made of the fact that the large basement at Farm "A" had to have a new cement floor and new swinging stanchions before it was converted into an up-to-date stable for dairy cows. This change was made in the month of February, and early in March eighteen additional cows were purchased and brought to this farm.
In the summer of 1904, four brood sows, two with eight pigs each and two with seven pigs each, were purchased. The regis tered Yorkshire boar "Oneida Chief No. 6274," was purchased in June, 1904.
The institution at the present time has eighteen brood sows and over 150 hogs of all descriptions, varying from pigs a few weeks old to fattened hogs about ready for slaughter.
Farm "B" boasts of the only colt on the tract. He rejoices in the name of "Prince," and rightfully so, for a finer colt cannot be found anywhere.
On the 19th of December, 1905, the first of the twenty-one new cottages on the new site at Rush was formally opened by the board of managers. After an inspection of the fourteen hundred acre tract, the managers were driven to the newly completed cottage, which is named Genesee, where dinner was had, and there were speeches by Dr. Isaac Gibbard, president of the board of managers; Judge George A. Lewis, of Buffalo, and others. Those present at the opening included: Mr. and Mrs. Joseph O'Connor, of Rochester; Mr. and Mrs. Urial B. Moses, of Lima; Mr. and Mrs. John D. Burns, of Brockport; Miss Lura E. Aldridge, of Rochester; Mrs. W. W. Armstrong, of Rochester; Judge George A. Lewis, of Buffalo; Superintendent and Mrs. Franklin H. Briggs, Dr. J. M. Lee, of Rochester; Martin F. Bristol, of Rochester; Bishop Thomas F. Hickey, of Rochester; E. H. Clapp, of Rush; David Bruce, of Rochester; Rear-Admiral Franklin Hanford, of Scottsville, and Dr. D. L. Van Derzee, of Rochester.
SITE FOR NEW YORK TRAINING SCHOOL FOR BOYS.
Up to the time of the sending of this report to the Legislature, the commission appointed to select a site for a new institution had arrived at no definite conclusion. They have so stated in their report filed with the Legislature during the month of February. It is earnestly hoped that some decision may be reached. before the adjournment of the present Legislature, but, if it is thought necessary, as some of the commission seem to think it is, to enlarge the territory from which the land should be selected, to my mind it will be impossible to do so.
No mistake should be made in the selection of a tract that will be in as close proximity to the city of New York as is possible, taking into consideration the importance of having good railroad facilities, good water and system of sewerage, as to my mind these are the most important matters for consideration.
WORK OF INSTITUTION FARMS.
In order that the public might be more fully informed as regards the farm and garden industries of the various institutions reporting to this department, each of the superintendents has been requested to make report upon blank forms furnished by the department and prepared with much care and these reports are published herein exactly as received. Some of them are quite complete and show much thoroughness in the matter of detail. Others, in many instances, are very incomplete; but, after much correspondence, the department is obliged to publish the reports as finally submitted in the hope that another year the deficiencies will be supplied.
A recapitulation of these various reports shows that the total number of acres of land planted and under cultivation during the year was about 2,600 and the value of the farm and garden products, exclusive of live stock raised, aggregates about $104,000. This is a decrease from the total valuation of the preceding year, which is accounted for by the general failure of the apple crop and the almost complete failure of the potato crop throughout the State.
The cost of seeds for seeding the farms and gardens at the various institutions is as follows:
The farm proper at Albion being leased out on shares, the institution furnishes only one-half of the seeds.
Sonyea uses a considerable portion of home product seeds, the value of which is not mentioned.
In the items of fruit, beans, corn, oats, hay, potatoes and cabbage, there is a decrease of nearly $8,000, and in wheat and provisions a gain of nearly $3,500.
In the money value of the following mentioned items Rochester leads with apples, beans, oats, wheat and cabbage, the value of which in round figures is $5,337; Sonyea leads in corn, potatoes and hay, the value of which is $9,993, and Bath leads in onions with 885 bushels, valued at $522.
Below is given a list with the money value in dollars (no cents) of important items raised by the various institutions during the fiscal years ending September 30, 1904 and 1905, as follows: