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satires, but he has rejected from this volume the five others obelized by Grosart, and also shows, though he prints them, that the Advice to a Painter to draw the Duke' and An Historicall Poem' are not by Marvell, in spite of their not having hitherto doubted. been Of the others some


Clarindon's House-Warming is allowed, what doubtfully Prophecy' nearly rejected; The Loyal Scot' in part accepted with certainty, in and part rejected, the rejected portion printed in smaller type; and the Three Satires on the Horses and Statues, in spite of lack of evidence affirmed to be probably Marvell. The Elegy upon the Death of my Lord Francis Villiers,' reprinted for the first time from a copy at Worcester College, Oxford, probably unique, is given in appendix as being possibly by Marvell and, if So. throwing light on the royalist sympathies of which the famous lines in the Horatian Ode ' are the most striking expression. In


dealing with the letters Mr. Margoliouth has very reasonably restricted his notes to textual or bibliographical matters. The text has been reproduced with admirable care: short of reading the actual script we have here Marvell's writing before us as his correspondents saw it, with his variations of spelling, his punctuation, his use of capitals, abbreviations and what not. They have been printed for the most part from the original autograph. Considering that

this may well be taken as the definitive

edition, it seems to us rather a pity that no introduction has been bestowed on them.

Some of them have a literary quality that calls for comment; the student might well have his attention drawn both to those of outstanding interest, and to રી certain modification of method observable between the earlier and the later. Nor would it have been amiss to bring out what may be elicited from them about Marvell's Own character and quality of mind. It seems to us not enough in this regard to say that the letters to the Hull Corporation are but substitute for the modern newspaper. Apropos of journalism it is amusing to notice how, in his frequent haste, Marvell will depart from the seventeenth century stateliness to the use of jerky sentences which presage the twentieth century. To the student of literature the thirty odd letters grouped as I miscellaneous "yield, of course, the most. Would it not have been as well to note directly in the text those letters which are here printed for the first time, and also those which depend on the earliest printed text?



Mr. Margoliouth tells us that it is some thirteen years since he undertook this edition. We congratulate both him and those who will use it on his having now brought it to completion.

Five Roman Emperors. Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Trajan, A.D. 69-117. By Bernard W. Henderson. (Cambridge University Press. £1 1s.)


is a pity that it remains Dr. Henderson's foible of the attitude to adopt schoolboy's prejudices, sentimentalities, and unnecessary discourtesies. It is the greater pity because this source of inevitable irritation is a surface mannerism, to which he is not consistent. The constant sneers, for example, at German scholarship are belied by the good use which he has made of it, and German scholars, of whom, as of those of this also by just appreciations of many individual

and other countries, there are, in fact, some more and some less sensible. The substance of the book is good and useful. All of it is well informed. The judgment upon individuals may sometimes be questioned, for the author tends to see the characters of history as villains or angels. It is not really necessary to whitewash Domitian in other respects because, a good point, his military exploits have been too little appreciated. Upon religious matters, pagan and Christian, lines, though his touch here is not certain. Dr. Henderson's doctrine is sound in its main His real interest is, of course, in military history, for which, as previous works have shown, he has a real flair. The account of the German-Raetian limes, a difficult matter

to condense effectively, is very well done and The is the best short description to date. Dacian Wars of Trajan are also admirably narrated. In both these difficult and in detail controversial matters, the notes to the

specialist literature seem to be just what is required. Dr. Henderson writes in a lively and interesting way which the general reader" should appreciate, and his book, adequately provided but not overloaded with documentation, will be very useful to the more professional student.

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Proceedings of the British Academy. Vol. XI. 1924-1925. (For the British Academy. Humphrey Milford. £2 net).


HE collection of essays read or communicated 1924 1925 contains several things particularly well worth having. The Shakespeare Lectures were that of Mr. E. K. Chambers on what he calls the Disintegration of Shakespeare," a criticism of the methods and results of Mr. Robertson and Mr. Dover Wilson, and Sir H. Granville-Barker's From Henry V to Hamlet.' The Warton Lecture of 1924 was Dr. Mackail's on Bentley's Milton,' and that of 1925 Mr. K. W. MacCullum's The Dramatic Monologue in the Victorian Period.' The Italian lectures are Signor Antonio Cippico's study of Ugo Foscolo, and Mr. G. F. Hill's Italian Portraiture of the Fifteenth Century,' with delightful illustrations. Illustrations, too, form great part of the interest of Dr. Tancred Borenius's learned discourse on English Primitives.

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The second Art lecture is
Maclagan's The Appreciation of Sculpture.'
The two "Master Minds dealt with
are Aristotle (by Mr. John Burnet) and
Erasmus (by Mr. P. S. Allen). The Raleigh
Lectures on History were given by Mr. Wallace
Notestein (The Winning of the Initiative by
the House of Commons') and by Mr. C. W.
Alvord (Lord Shelburne and the Founding of
British-American Goodwill '). Lord Balfour
contributed the philosophical lecture, Familiar
Beliefs and Transcendent Reason,' delivered in
1925. Four others which yield to none of the rest
in interest are Dr. R. L. Poole's Early Corres-
pondence of John of Salisbury'; Dr. Mar-
goliouth's Two South African Inscriptions;
Dr. Postage's dissertation On Ancient Greek
Accentuation,' and the Sir John Rhys Memorial
lecture delivered by Sir John Morris-Jones. It
may be useful to note that this volume includes
the following obituary notices: W. P. Ker
(R. W. Chambers); Sir Adolphus William
Ward (T. F. Tout); Sir Courtenay Peregrine
Ilbert (Sir Frederick Pollock); Alfred Marshall
(W. R. Scott); Francis Herbert Bradley (A. E.
Taylor); F. C. Conybeare (A. C. Clark and J.
Rendel Harris); Sir James Henry Ramsay (T.
F. Tout); Sir Paul Vinogradoff (W. S. Holds-
worth); and George Nathaniel Curzon (D. G.


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Mr. Eric pictorial" is an unfortunate word to use concerning him. The selection seems to us all that it should be in each case, except the most difficult, Byron, in which several lyrics are omitted which we should certainly have expected to find.

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An Introduction to the Reading of Shakespeare. By Frederick S. Boas. (Humphrey Milford. 2s. 6d. net).

It is addressed to the

THIS is one of the World's Manuals Seriesgeneral reader who has a tolerable experience in literature but is supposed to have nearly a blank mind in regard to Shakespeare; and on that basis Mr. Boas has happily contrived to give elementary information in such a manner and surrounded with such associations as to make it acceptable to any inquirer. We think he is right in what his Preface implies, that want of just these facts and explanations often keeps away from Shakespeare the very person to whom he should most appeal, the ordinary man, that is, to whom literature is but a parergon.


WE have received with great pleasure from the Cambridge University Press Mr. H. P. V. Nunn's Introduction to Ecclesiastical Latin in the second edition. We are not surprised that this has been called for. From the Oxford University Press we have received two more of The World's Classics': a third Series of Selected English Short Stories, and is new edition of the English Songs and Ballads compiled by the late T. W. H. Crosland, and first published in The World's Classics' in 1902. We have also received The Somerset Year Book, 1927.' We find it, in its mixture of humour, local lore, good stories, verse, notes scenery and topography and comment on affairs, nowise inferior to its predecessors, and that is good praise.



The Poetry of the Age of Wordsworth. Selected
with an Introduction by J. Dover Wilson.
(Cambridge University Press. 7s. 6d. net).
THE sub-title to the volume before
1. an Anthology of the five major poets,"
these being Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron,
Shelley and Keats. It is to be followed
"should [it] prove useful to the public for
which it is intended by a second dealing with
Scott, Blake, Cowper, Crabbe and Burns. We
hope the proviso will not be strictly taken,
for, though this first division may well justify
itself we think the second yet more likely to
do so.
Inevitably, these pages contain the
things which most people who care for English
literature with any energy have long known by
heart, and which those whose concern is tepid
can find in numberless books when they want
them; of the five lesser poets the same may
also be said, yet not with quite such emphasis.
However, Professor Dover Wilson's introduc-
tion should give to this volume a special value.
It is commendably brief: held close together;
but it sets each poet in his place, in the move-
ment of thought and life at the turn between
eighteenth and nineteenth century, and marks
the advance and true height of each not only
with a firm distinctness, but with that fine
mingling of a new detachment with a new un-
derstanding which we think is characteristic
of the best criticism of our best critics since
the war.
We are, nevertheless, not sure that,
for all his discriminating praise, he quite hits
the mark over Keats; or perhaps we should
rather say
that, addressing the beginner,
Printed and Published by the Bucks Free Press, Ltd., at their Offices, High Street,
Wycombe, in the County of Bucks.


quarterings" read 1st and 4th quarterings, and At ante p. 46, col. 1, 1. 9, for "1st and 6th ibid., 1. 14, for "Methuen" read Methven.



WHEN sending a letter to be forwarded to another contributer, correspondents are requested to put in the top left-hand corner of the envelope the number of the page of N. & Q.' to which the latter refers. WHEN answering a query, or referring to an article which has already appeared, correspondents are requested to give within parentheses-immediately after the exact headingthe numbers of the series, volume, and page at which the contribution in question is to be found.

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OCTOBER 1, 1927.

Vol. 153. No. 14.

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and other early dramatists,

Report all early books, pamphlets, manuscripts, autograph letters, out of the way items, etc., to


34 & 35, Conduit St., London, W.



AUTOGRAPHS for SALE. Early printed Works, Standard Authors, First Editions, &c. Catalogues free. Books and autographs wanted for cash. Lists free.Reginald Atkinson, 188, Peckham Rye, London, S.E.22.

To Genealogists:- STANLEY & CONSTANTINE.

Evidence of conjunction (circa 1650-1700) of these two names (Christian- or Sur-) desired by W. F. Carter, F.S.A., Maidsmere, nears Bromsgrove, Worcs. Reward Offered.



NOTES:-Charles I and the Banqueting House, Whitehall, 237-Danteiana, 240-Scratch dials, 242.


QUERIES: Double piscinas-The Marriage of Catherine the Great-A MS. book of Pedigrees R. D. Blackmore and Eden Philphott's Rout "" raid "-Wordsworth's Library, 243Sir Henry Browne-Lions and eagles: use in symbolism-Rose Medhop: parentage-Liquid butter-Cattle Shows-Folk-lore of the bramble -Dowman of Lincross (? Cincross), Cumberland-De Mansfield McGlenning. 244-House of Hamilton-Sir Evan Morrice (Morris) of Carnarvonshire-First British tapestry for Windsor Castle, 245.

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REPLIES:-Will-o'-the-wisp, 245-St. Magnus the Martyr-" Centres " of England, 246-XVI century St. Paul's-Vayro-Proverbs of cross purpose-Medallion found at Wingham, N.S.W., 247 Earrings and their effect on eyesight Dr. Edmond Halley-John Stilwell-Portrait of Mrs. Thwaytes, 1845 or 1846, 248 Wentworth-Folketymology: Tow Law-Holy wells, 249-LasserreSuffragan bishops: their style and titleIllegitimate royalties Merchants' marks Mourner as occupation Nicholas Sanders Letter of Robert Burns: his friend Clarke, 250Letters from Lord Combermere: portrait and identification sought-Millikin: Entwisle-Reference wanted. 251.


THE LIBRARY:- London - Trevisa's Dialogus ' 'Hartley through the ages.'


recently published by the CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY



Edited by J. B. BURY, M.A., F.B.A.,
S. A. COOK, Litt.D., and F. E.
Volume VI. Macedon 401--301 B.C.
With 10 maps, tables, plans, &c. Royal
8vo. 30s net.

Volume of Plates I (illustrating
Volumes I-IV).
Prepared by C. T. SELTMAN, M.A.
Royal 8vo. 25s net.


By BERNARD W. HENDERSON. With 4 maps. Demy 8vo. 21s. net.


By JAMES WARD, late Professor of
Mental Philosophy at Cambridge. With
a Memoir of the Author by OLWEN
With 3 illustrations. Demy 8vo. 16s. net.


By A. MAWER and F. M. STENTON, in collaboration with F. T. S. HOUGHTON.


English Place-Name Society Publications, Volume IV. With a Demy 8vo. The price of this volume with its essential companion, The Chief Elements used in English Place-Names (Volume I, Part 2), is 23s net. volume separately, 20s net.




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Manchester Guardian of Sept. 27 quotes from
the New York Literary Digest an account of
this process, as observed in a tract lying
between Augusta and Belfast, Maine, U.S.A.,
by Mr. Ben Ames Williams, and described
'American Forests.' This tract
was permanently settled in the early part of
the nineteenth century; the hills and val-
leys, stripped and diligently cultivated, main-
tained a small township which was at its
height in population and prosperity in 1870.
Since then it has declined.. From 1,700, the
population had shrunk in 1917 to 700, and
the return of the forest had advanced far.
Between that time and this the observer had
watched the swift further encroachment. The
woods now hold traces of civilization, not
of a civilization so remote as that of ancient
Egypt, yet equally past and gone. Here are
roads so long abandoned that trees of four or
five inches' diameter now grow in their very
course. Meadows and pastures which were
clear nine years ago are now good cover for
woodcock, and spruce seedlings-spruce with
pine was the prevailing original growth-
have taken root under the birch, alder and
poplar which have invaded the cleared
meadows. Doubtless, the wild life of the
forest-largely fur-bearing species-is also

NOTES AND QUERIES is published every by him in

Bucks (Telephone: Wycombe 306). Subscriptions (£2 28. a year, U.S.A. $10.50, including postage, two half-yearly indexes and two cloth binding cases, or £1 15s. 4d. a year, U.S.A. $9, without binding cases) should be sent to the Manager. The London Office is at 22, Essex Street, W.C.2 (Telephone: Central 396), where the current issue is on sale. Orders for back numbers, indexes and bound volumes should be sent either to London or to Wycombe; letters for the Editor to the London Office.


THE Court of the Company of Master
Mariners held their annual meeting on
Sept. 28 presided over by the Lord Mayor,
an occasion memorable from the fact that
this is the first recognition of the kind
accorded to the British Merchant Service.
The Company is little more than a year old,
having been founded in June, 1926, by a
hundred of the leading men of the Merchant
Service-men who had all started as ships'
boys, and thus mounted to their distinguished
positions from the bottom of the ladder. The
first annual dinner took place last March,
graced by a cordial message from His Maj-
esty. The membership of the Company is at
present limited to 500; and a candidate is
required to have held for not less than five
years a Board of Trade certificate of com-
petency as master of a foreign-going vessel.
The Mastership of the Company remains as
yet vacant: the Deputy Master is Sir Burton
Chadwick, Parliamentary Secretary to the
Board of Trade, with whom six mariner
Wardens, and a dozen other members form
the Court of the Company. The list of hon-
orary members runs only to seven names, one
of which is Rudyard Kipling. The Com-ture of which, as I was informed, it was
pany's motto is" Loyalty and Service," and frequently utilized.”
the master mariner who is admitted into it,
though he takes no oath, solemn
promise to be true to the ideal the motto
enshrines. The permanent Court-room of the
Company is to be in the new Lloyd's build-
ing now being erected in Leadenhall St.
THE return of the wild upon cultivated
ground which has been abandoned is a
subject full of various fascination. The

THE delightful subject of rose hedges has
lately been much discussed in The Times
with promise, we are rather inclined to think,
On Sept.
of practical results next summer.
27 appeared a letter from Lord Bledisloe
praising the double white rugosa rose (Blanc
Double de Coubert) of which he has experi-
ence, which not only flourishes exceedingly
and flowers freely, but also bears transplant-
ing. It makes a really thickset hedge with
sharp thorns, effectually obstructive
intruding quadrupeds. But its most endear-
ing quality would seem to be its fragrance-
a pure white canopy," says its owner,
several hundred intensely sweet blossoms,
redolent of Attar of Roses, for the manufac



THE ship Discovery arrived at Falmouth land of two years in the South Antarctic. last Sunday, after an absence from EngThe expedition was organised with the view of gaining information which will help to preserve the whale industry in the south. Cape Town was the headquarters of the ship, and for nine months she was cut off from civilisation. Dr. Stanley Kemp, Director of

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