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to a similar one in Forfar. The reader will hear of him again in 1796."

Under date June 26, 1796 (vol. vi. p. 194) the letter quoted by your correspondent is reprinted, but is much larger and a note is given that the letter, executed in facsimile printing, has been long in circulation. The address is given as Mr. James Clarke, Schoolmaster, Forfar. ARCHIBALD SPARKE.

ETTERS FROM LORD COMBERMERE: PORTRAIT AND IDENTIFICATION SOUGHT (cliii. 208). The portrait of Lord Combermere painted by Mrs. Pearson is in the National Portrait Gallery, being presented by his widow, Viscountess Combermere, in 1872. The artist, Mrs. Charles Pearson (née Mary Martha Dutton) was born in 1799, and early in life married Charles Pearson, a city solicitor, who afterwards became a Member of Parliament. She died in London, 15 April, 1871. The portrait of Viscount Combermere was painted in 1823; between 1821 and 1842 Mrs. Pearson exhibited many other portraits at the Royal Academy, the British Institution, and at Suffolk Street.

The D.P.G.M. of the Province of Cheshire referred to in the letter of 1836 would be W. Bro. John Finchett Maddock.

MILLIKIN: ENTWISLE (10 S. iii. 6; clii. 390, s.v. Dr. Edmund Halley ').Mr. R. J. Beevor, M. A., sends me an abstract of will of Margaret Entwisle, as follows: Margaret Entwisle, of Ludgate Hill, spinster. To Mrs. Millikin my diamond ring; to my great nephew James Parry Millikin my gold watch. I desire to be buried as privately as possible with my father and mother, etc., in the parish of St. Edmund the King in Lombard Street if I die in London; if not, then where I die as its quite a matter of indifference to me." Residue to nephew Halley Benson Millikin, sole executor. Dated Apr. 29, 1789; proved Mar. 2, 1793, by Halley Benson Millikin. EUGENE F. McPIKE.


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The Library.

London, being a Comprehensive Survey of the History, Tradition, and Historical Associations of Buildings and Monuments, arranged under streets in Alphabetical Order. By George H. Cunningham. (J. M. Dent and Sons. £1 1s. net).



GREAT deal of work must have gone the compilation of this book, notwithstanding that original research in the strict modestly avows, been expended upon it. The sense of the word has not, as the author main line of interest-though by no the exclusive one-is personal. Street by street were are told who lived in what house where anything interesting of the kind is to be noticed. Not only so, but fictitious characters with which streets are associated are set in their places, and the budding Dickensian in particular will here find short cuts in every direction to the London of Dickens. We have, though, some little quarrel with Mr. Cunningham in regard to his choice of the fiction to be represented. Some of it is trivial, sure to be forgotten in a few years, and fills space better deserved by work which will last while English lasts. There is no mention of any character of Jane Austen's, yet Elinor and Marianne Dashwood and Jane and Elizabeth Bennet spent time to some purpose in London; illustrated by its figuring in a nor is any street thus novel of Trollope's. Again, the houses marked by the County Council might well have been systematically recorded. It would, perhaps, not be reasonable to expect every


church in London to find place here, but we think the curious little Church of Ascension in the Bayswater Road with Shields's paintings in it deserves a few lines. On the Roman Catholic Cathedral nothing is said except that the bell tower is 283 feet high, which only serves to introduce the suicide committed there three years ago. But the Cathedral has many points of interest. some cases, too, Mr. Cunningham adopts what he finds with too little criticism. He says, without giving authority or explanation that the first church at Westminster was built by Freemasons between 605 and 616; and states with equal certainty that Charles I stepped out on to the scaffold from the centre window of the Banqueting Hall facing Whitehall, the windows fronting Whitehall being at that time all blank, all of which are at any rate disputable.

We do not wish to dwell only on slips and omissions as if these had chiefly struck us; the criticisms above åre offered as hints for a possible reprinting. So far as we have tested them the notes on streets and house occupation are good as well as abundant-and particularly good in giving detail about minor celebrities and minor events in the life of greater persons. Indeed, one returns again and again to appreciation


of the great industry and determination that
must have been required to get so many
minute facts together, and then, added to
that, appreciation for the love of London,
the quick feeling for her greatness, variety
and unique character, which in greater or less
degree are evident on every page. The book
is beautifully printed and pleasant to handle,
and while it will hardly do for one's only
book on London, it will give its owner much
information and entertainment, and prob-
ably find itself as often as any in his hands.
Trevisa's Dialogus. Edited with an introduc-
tion by Aaron Jenkins Perry. (Humphrey
Milford for the Early English Text Society.
£1 5s. net).

HIS edition is made from the MSS. Harl.
1900; St. John's College, Cambridge,
H. 1; Add 24194; Stowe 65 and Chetham's
Library. The introduction gives us a notable
example of the best American scholarship.
It discusses the first early and printed
and relating to
another the five Middle-English MSS. on which
the text is based. There exist also a copy of
the Methodius tract in a Northern dialect,


and rather mysterious MS. at Burleigh House, precious as containing a second copy of the Methodius tract in Southern English, which no one seems to have been able to lay hands on since 1845. The Latin MSS. of the three dialogues from which Trevisa translated still exist in fairly considerable numbers, and Professor Perry sets out the principal ones. The Dialogus inter Militem et Clericum was printed in English in the sixteenth century (the version is printed parallel with the text derived from the MSS.) and comparison of that edition with the present text and with the original, which Professor Perry's work enables us to follow in detail, points to its having been made from a MS. of the Dialogus closer to Trevisa's translation than are the five MSS. now extant. The printed edition omits a long note of Trevisa's on the majesty of Christ; an omission which it seems reasonable to impute to editorial revision. Trevisa's life remains in its obscurity. Our author has chiefly to show, as to his birth, that no statement on the subject carries any weight, but that Trevisas were found at Crokadon, where he has been said to have been born, for generations after his day. Trevisa's name as a fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, crops up in Close Rolls and Patent Rolls of Richard II as implicated in a disturbance at the College, and expelled with others from Oxford. He spent the greater part of his life at Berkeley, where he is said to have been first domestic chaplain at the Castle, then Vicar of the Parish. He was olso Canon of "Westbury Collegiate Church" and what this was has been exhaustively investigated by Professor Perry, who makes it clear that it was Westbury-on-Trym, and to clinch the argument yet further adds a goodly array of references from the Patent

Printed and Published by the Bucks Free

Rolls. The date of Trevisa's death, variously put at 1399, 1400, 1409, 1410, and 1412, has been settled by the unprinted Bishops' Register at Worcester Cathedral which, under date 1402, records the appointment of a successor.

The third of the three works included in this volume (Dialogus inter Militem et Clericum; Fitz Ralph's Defensio Curatorum, and Methodius's Beginning and End of the World') Professor Perry sees ground to withdraw from Trevisa. One of the best sections in the introduction is the discussion of the question whether or no Trevisa translated the Bible. The weight of authoritative opinion will be seen to veer in Trevisa's favour. Unless some unexpected and considerable discovery is made we should think Professor Perry's introduction will prove the last word on Trevisa.

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no distant future, this once small Kentish vil-
lage, already
considerably enlarged,
All the more useful then will be found this
attain to municipal status and become a town.
work, which traces its old boundaries, de-
scribes its old appearance and condition at
different dates, and preserves record of its
chief personages. In his discussion of the
name Hartley Mr. Bancks hesitates between
the Wendish deity Heorotha. We should con-
Heorot-leah and a derivation from the name of
inue to favour the earlier suggestion. Among
names associated with the place are Evelyn and
Daniel Defoe, who is said to have lived for a time
in a house near the Black Lion inn, and there to
have written Robinson Crusoe.' But the pre-
dominant name for two centuries and more.
from 1550 onwards, is Sedley.
day the most noted lord of the manor
Warwine de Montchensie, at the end of the
twelfth century. The author has not SO
much material to his hand as many par-
ishes supply, for the church registers only go
back to the beginning of the eighteenth cen-
tury; but he supplements from old wills pre-
served in the Courts of Rochester and Canter-

Before their


The church, standing on foundations laid probably in the eleventh century contains some Norman work, but was much reconstructed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. It has no tower, but an attractive bell-cote, probably of fourteenth century erection. The chancel arch is unusually narrow, and low also. A remarkable feature is the ancient door, with its broad and boldly ornamental iron straps, Scandinavian in character. The church has further a low side window, and a font partly of Norman and partly of fourteenth century work. All these particu lars are set before us upon the background of pre-history. The book is pleasantly readable. Press, Ltd., at their Offices, High Street, Wycombe, in the County of Bucks.

Hartley through the Ages. By the Rev.
Gerard W. Bancks. (Published by the
author at Hartley Rectory, Longfield, Kent).
THE author, who is the Rector of Hartley

with the



OCTOBER 8, 1927.

Vol. 153. No. 15.

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Established 1867.

QUERIES:-Rhymes for memorizing the names
Kings of England-Randolph-John
Wesley's silver plate-Marlborough arms-Arms
in Bishopstone Church, Salisbury Diocese-
Weldon's Chronological notes of the English
Benedictines-Samuel Knipe, fl. c. 1630-40, 262-
Jacobite proclamation on the death of
Victoria-A cow and the Great Chicago fire-
Bon Gaultier's Book of Ballads': The Rhyme
of Sir Lancelot Bogle '-Mansfield-Addison of
Salle, Norfolk Thatched Schools William
Vaughan of Newfoundland-Royal Scotch visit
after 1745-Culloden Memorials-Novels about
Colonel Blood. 263.

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REPLIES:-William Hog, 264-"A splendid exile"
-Clipping the church, 265-Britwell Salome. 266
-Lagman-" Sq[u]are-wright "-Eighteenth cen-
tury Newgate: Richard Akerman-Torold and
Turchetil, 267-Maria Edgeworth: MS.-" Saint
Marie Mawdlaine Queenhith "-Doran, 268-
Monks as Traders 'St. Ronan's Well'
Medallion found at Wingham, N.8.W.. 269.




Gralus Homo Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia."


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AUTOGRAPHS for SALE. Early printed Works, Standard Authors, First Editions, &c. Catalogues free. Books and autographs wanted for cash. Lists free. Reginald Atkinson, 188, Peckham Bye, London, S.E.22.

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Visitors to London are invited to The Piccadilly Auction Rooms (Calder House) to inspect the display of ancient Silver, Jewels and Antiques collected from the Ancestral Homes of England. To obtain the full value of your treasures, employ the Auctioneer with expert knowledge of values, and one who studies the customer's interest before his own personal gain. Although it may seem paradoxical, it is nevertheless a fact, that if you wished to buy you could not do better than attend my rooms or instruct me to purchase on your behalf. It is simply a case of one person buying what another wishes to sell that enables me to perform a double service to the advantage of both buyer and seller.


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E have found the Connoisseur in its October number even more interesting than usual. It contains a short paper with seven fascinating illustrations on the three Russian portrait-painters Rokotov, Levitzky and Borovikovsky, contemporaries with, and

more or less





quality to, our Reynolds, Gainsborough and Romney, though these photographs seem to bear witness to a certain depth of vision, at least in the two latter, and in Borovikovsky to a touch of malice, which are hardly to be found in the English painters. Mr. F. Gordon Roe writes amusingly about the little horde of pirates who made imitations of Pickwick.' Capt. A. Rowand contributes an article Early English Sea Service buttons, illustrating a hundred of them, and also late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century full dress coats of Commander, Rear Admiral and Captain. The earliest button, of the mid-eighteenth century, is a pinchbeck knob THE new number of Literis sustains the with no device; the second shows the Tudor character of this enterprise very well. rose; the third, an Admiral's button 1774-87, Among many good articles we may mention is the first at present known to bear the as particularly interesting Mr. Aubrey F. G. Admiral's wreath outside the circle and the Bell's review of El Pensamiento de Cer- foul anchor. This last, we learn, was found vantes' by Américo Castro, published some about fourteen years ago in a bucket full of old two years ago, and the late F. Liebermann's buttons at Bath, and is one of the most interdiscussion of Heinrich Spies's Kultur und esting of the series. Capt. Rowand gives Sprache im neuen England' (Teubner, Leip- many particulars of the buttons illustrated, zig, 1925). Liebermann makes some interest- and an account of Sea Service buttons in ing remarks of his own on England, for general. Under Pottery and Porcelain' we example: "Ich bewunderte 1877-1913 Ox- have the third instalment of Mr. Bernard fords und Cambridges Konversation als Rackham's description of the Collection of bewusste Kunst und erkläre mir, gegenüber Mr. Wallace Elliot-Worcester, this time, Deutschlands Bildungskluft, die Fähigkeit Bristol and Liverpool. Under Current Art der Engländer, einander auf einheitlichem Notes' is an account, with pictures, of some Niveau zu verstehen, aus Jahrhunderte alter peasant paintings 180 years old, recently disa farmhouse in Teilnahme weiter Schichten am Staats-und covered on the walls of Rechtsleben mit Vorbereitung durch poli- Northern Sweden. The main subject shown tische Lektüre und organisiertes Debattieren here is a Baptism of Our Lord, having two in Club and Oeffentlichkeit." This struck minor pictures on each side, biblical characThe us as still more noteworthy in what it implies ters in eighteenth century costume. about Germany than in what it says about whole house is to be transferred to Skansen, England. Mr. Bell is dealing principally the open-air museum of Stockholm. with a view of Cervantes which takes him to Inquisition, but inwardly burning for reform. It is, we think, doing an important service to keep the great age of Spanish religion, art and literature (unique and original as it is both in its achievement and in its characteristic attitude to the whole question of restriction, control, authority in every sphere) free from distorting interpretations which transfer to it the rather shallow ideas on these subjects generally current at the present day.


Campion and Mychell

The King's Ships
William Hog









Friday, at 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks (Telephone: Wycombe 306). Subscriptions (£2 28. a year, U.S.A. $10.50, including postage, two half-yearly indexes and two cloth binding cases, or £1 158. 4d. a year, U.S.A. $9, without binding cases) should be sent to the Manager. The London Office is at 22, Essex Street, W.C.2 (Telephone: Central 0396), where the current issue is on sale. Orders for back numbers, indexes and bound volumes should be sent either to London or to Wycombe; letters

for the Editor to the London Office.


WE have received from Messrs. Phillimore & Co. (120, Chancery Lane, W.C.2) intimation that they have now in the press and hope to issue in the course of this month, vol. viii. of their Middlesex Marriage Registers. This contains the Marriages of the large parish of Ealing from 1582 to July 1837, when Civil Registration was introduced. During the greater part of this period Ealing parish covered an area some thirteen miles in circuit, including the town of Old Brentford. The publication of the Old Brentford

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