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HANOVERIAN GARRISONS IN GREAT BRITAIN (cliii. 209).—Mar Castle, and Corgarff Castle, were taken over by the Government after the rebellion in 1745, and garrisoned with the view of keeping the Highlanders in order. Both castles were altered in order to suit them for the purpose, and were enclosed by a wall in the form of a star, loop-holed for musketry. Corgarff had a garrison of two officers and fifty men up to 1831, not to put down rebellion, but to assist the civil authorities in the suppression of illicit whisky distilling. See The Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland,' by MacGibbon and Ross (Edinburgh, David Douglas, 1887). T. F. D.


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IR HENRY BROWNE (cliii. 244).-May SIR he not be Lt.-Gen. Thomas Henry Browne, K.C.H., of Bronwylfa, nr. St. Asaph B. 1757; Col. 80th Foot, distinguished at siege of Copenhagen, capture of Martinique, in Peninsular War, etc., etc; Knight-Commander of Guelphic Order. He m. Elizabeth Brandling, and d. in 1855. He was the eldest brother of Felicia Hemans. Their grandfather was an Irishman from Cork. The D. N. B.' has a biography of him, I think. F. P. LEYBURN-YARKER.

"ALL LL SIR GARNET" (cliii. 28, 69, 141, 196, 231). Whilst enjoying a short holiday in Seaton, South Devon, I saw MR. BELBEN's note at the last reference.

Directly after reading it, I happened to be talking to an old fisherman, who, curiously enough, in referring to something he had just done, exclaimed 'It's all Sir Garnet."


Although knowing full well what this term conveyed, I asked him what it meant, and he immediately replied 'All right,' sir," thus proving that not only is this phrase still in use, but that it is not alone" peculiar to London." E. E. NEWTON. The expression "All Sir Garnet," with its variant All Sir Garnio," was perhaps popular in the Australian colonies about twentyfive years ago. Possibly it may have been re-introduced to England through the medium of the Australian soldiery during or after the Great War. SAMUEL A. ANDERSON.


INSECTS IN BOOKS (clii. 442; cliii. 179, 214). A useful note is The preservation of books from insects in India, Indian Mus. Notes. iii. No. 3, pp. 115-116 (1894). J. ARDAGH.

The Library.

A Cretan Statuette in the Fitzwilliam Museum. A Study in Minoan Costume. By A. J. B. Wace. (Cambridge University Press, 10s. 6d.).

THIS sumptuous book is a model of what archaeological publication may be, when no expense is spared. It gives the first definitive description of the lovely and unique marble Minoan goddess which is now in the circumstances of its discovery are necessarily Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge. Since the but vaguely known, its date can only be determined by technical considerations. Mr. Wace, whose great knowledge of pre-Hellenic antiques is here reinforced by his special interest in textiles, is thus happily led into a ine dress and its materials. He proves quite most interesting discussion of Minoan feminclearly from the details of the costume that the statuette belongs to late Minoan I, though it is probably earlier than the gold and ivory goddess, now in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, which belongs to the same epoch. It is of course later than the well-known faience snake ladies of Cnossos, which belong to Middle Minoan III.

exception of this statuette from his rule that no Mr. Wace notes that Professor Nilsson's Minoan or Mycenaean goddess is intentionally represented as clasping her breasts, is due to a misunderstanding. The rule therefore becomes absolute. Its importance lies in the fact that a prevalent hypothesis connecting these goddesses with a mother goddess of oriental type is thereby shown to rest upon a mistaken premise.

The Ten Princes. Translated from the Sanskrit by Arthur W. Ryder. (University of Chicago Press, 10s. net).

THE aut in character, something like a author this a sort of prose mingling of the Arabian Nights' with picawho flourished not later than the second half of resque motifs and method, was one Dandin, the seventh century of our era, and of whom nothing is known save that he also wrote 'The Mirror of Poetry, a treatise on literary composition. The Ten Princes' itself is not wholly his, the first five and the last of its view of this fact it might have been a good fourteen chapters being by other hands. In plan to give some little account of the history of the text. Mr. Ryder confines himself to an estimate of the literary quality of the work. His translation strikes us, on the whole, as happy. author and his contemporaries attained and The principal beauties which the enjoyed in it cannot, indeed, be rendered in any way in English; but something of the atmosphere can be and has been infused into the translation, and a choiceness in the use of words has been made to suggest, though it cannot absolutely represent, the choiceness of style for which_the_original is celebrated. Mr. Ryder rates The Ten Princes' very high.

Through the medium of his prose the cultivated reader of to-day will certainly find pleasure in what was offered for the amusement, and for no more than the amusement, of the cultivated reader of those days. In spite, however, of charm and brilliancy the book does not take sufficient hold to be amusing to perfection, and it is interesting to make out why. We think the world of readers certainly in the West-has grown much more exacting than it was of old in the matter of entertainment, and, in particular, requires much more variety and also clearer delineation, in character than it was satisfied with in the East centuries ago. These beautiful damsels and wily heroes have a degree and kind of life not much higher than those of fairy tales, and we may see this difference of standard by the very comparision to which Mr. Ryder invites us with the Gilbert and Sullivan operas. In a sense, as these remarks indicate, his limitations lend some additional significance to Dandin.

Satirical and Controversial Medals of the Reformation: The Biceps or Double-Headed Series. By Francis Pierrepont Barnard. (Oxford, Clarendon Press, £1 18. net). TH HESE medals, with one or two exceptions bear on each face two heads. It would appear that the series was started by the Holy See, with design to illustrate the four great

authorities on which the administration of Christendom depends; accordingly on one face we have the Pope and, reversed, the Emperor; on the other face a Cardinal and, reversed, a Bishop. This, in the hands of the satirists of the Reformation, became a medal with Pope and Devil on one side and Cardinal and Fool on the other. Dr. Barnard describes 184 examples, and, in addition, a late eighteenth century seal bearing the Pope-Devil design. The half-dozen plates give illustration of fortythree medals. The first five on the list are variants of one which purports, by its legend, to have been struck in the fifth century, and has been assigned to the reign of Innocent VIII. but is ascertained to be the work of G. Paladius in the third quarter of the sixteenth century. On some of the Papal medals occur the names of St. Gregory, St. Augustine, St. Jerome and St. Ambrose chief Fathers of the Western Church, and on one, after the two latter names appear the letters K. L., which have not So far been satisfactorily explained. Kirchen Lehrer and the Low Latin Kyrii Liturgus have been suggested. In general the treatment of the reversible head in these designs is clever, and a few pieces have real merit. The headgear, particularly the fool's cap, presents some points of interest, as do the legends, of which one or two furnish minute discourses. One medal of 1540 has on the obverse St. George and the Dragon: and there are examples showing the Whore of Babylon. There is note, and cut,

these Protestant of a Catholic retort upon medals of which no actual specimen has been found-in which Calvin's head is combined with Dr. Barnard's Introduction. the the Devil. description of the medals, the lavish footnotes, and the excellent plates, are all beyond praise. This little corner of learning has not been more than cursorily and partially visited before. Both the numismatist and the historical student will thus glean something fresh from these pages.

Fifty Poems. By A. D. Godley. Edited by C. L. Graves and C. R. L. Fletcher. (Oxford University Press. 58. net).



WE are grateful to the editors of this volume, having turned its pages over and over with much enjoyment and being sure we shall do so again. It is a selection from Godley's four books of verse, themselves mainly put together from pieces which Oxford readers had already enjoyed in the Oxford Magazine, and from the Reliquiae A. D. Godley,' published last year. The fifty range from 1881 to 1919, but, salted with the preservative of genuine wit, they are even surprisingly equal with another in their freshness, their undiminished life. About half of them are taken from the delicious skits on Oxford topics; the two Phases of Celtic pieces, The Arrest and Mountaineering we are given three Revival,' represent A. D. G. on Ireland; best of them the parody of Matthew Arnold addressed in 1917 to the Awarders of the Oxford follow about a score on miscellaneous topics. and Cambridge School Certificate; and there The Oxford poems still surpass the rest, if not in underlying poetic feeling or in the occasional felicity in their wit, and they include the most rise of this to the surface, yet in gaiety and most distinctive achievement. successful examples of Goliardic verse, Godley's




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OCTOBER 22, 1927.

Vol. 153. No. 17.

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NOTES:-The Proving of Shakespeare's will. 291-Sir Thomas Herbert's Memoirs. 293-Letter of George IV when Prince of Wales on the death of Nelson-' Here and there over the water,' 295 -John Harrison and The Survey of the Manor of Sheffield '-Actors as M.P.'s-Pyke (Pike) Families of London and Greenwich. 296.



QUERIES:-Bust of John Dryden in Long Acre-Cardiff old Town Hall-Burial upright Names in Monastic life Anthony Adams General George Benson 'Flamack.' 297 The Royal Swans-Persis-Kyle of Moneyrea. Co. DownSamuel Hartlib-Whillimoor Cheese " Jackman's cheese Delabere Pritchett Blaine W. Blane Beeke - Ancient Seals Southampton: Bevois and Ascupart-Author wanted. 298. REPLIES:- Torold and Turchetil-Hat-wearing customs in the U.S.A.: American conventionalism, 299-E. Campion and John Mychell-Failure of tide on the Dee, 300 Weldon's "" Chronological Notes on the English Benedictines'. Scratch Dials-Folk-lore of the bramble, 301-Samuel Knipe Bon Gaultier's 'Book of Ballads': The Rhyme of Launcelot Bogle.' 302 -Novels ahout Colonel Blood-Double Piscinas "To burn one's boats "-Old Houses in the Strand-Strangers Memorials. 303-Calculation of Ships' tonnage, 304.



THE LIBRARY:-'A series of papers on Shakespeare and the Theatre - Cambridge History of English Literature: General Index '-Calendar of Close Rolls. 1396-1399.

Quarterly Review.

Booksellers' Catalogues.

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The Proving of Shakespeare's Will
Thomas Herbert's Memoirs


Letter of George IV on Nelson's Death 295




TOTES AND QUERIES is published every
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Fryday the 7 of Der [1621] 1 practise of
pietie 120 gilt

1 thomasius dictioner past [boards] 80
1 Ouidij metamor 160


epist. 80 @ Cicero selec epist 1 grammar 80

1 virgilius 240


IN the new Quarterly Review, at p. 228, in
Mr. Algernon Cecil's paper on Napoleon 1 doubill catechisme @ 3 singill
1 barnis (child's] psalme 180
and Wellington is quoted a fine story of Wel- 1 testament gre[ke] Londi 120
lington which, the writer says, is hardly 1 paper book of j qz 80
known except to students, and may be accept-1 practise of pietie clespit
able to our readers. It is taken from Bland 1 ferus in Test[a]mentum folio
Burges's memoirs, and related of Wellington
1 barnis Test [ament] 80
in the Peninsula. An officer dining with
Lord Wellington happened to remark that,
at a post which he had visited, some of the
men were lying out sick and exposed to the
inclemency of the climate. At the close of
the evening the commander-in-chief sum-
moned his aide-de-camp, rode off thirty miles
to the place mentioned, satisfied himself that
matters were as had been represented, roused
the officer in command, and demanded explan-

1 Thomasius dictioner per past
1 textoris epist j vrsini text
1 barnis Testament 80

was no

ations. He was told that there
accommodation for the sick available. His
answer was to examine the officers' quarters,
to turn their occupants out and to put the
invalids in; and he concluded his visit with
a warning that, if any officer thenceforward
preferred his own comfort to the requirements
of sick soldiers under his command he would
make an example of him. His orders were
sulkily received, and he therefore determined
to make sure they were executed. The next
night he repeated his ride and his inspection.
His suspicions were justified. He found
that the officers had resumed their covered
quarters and the sick their place in the open
air. Once more he reversed the conditions,
then arrested the offenders, caused them to
be tried, and left them to be cashiered."

HE first article in The Library for SeptemTHE ber, 1927, is by Mr. F. S. Ferguson, about the Relations between London and Edinburgh Printers and Stationers up to 1640. In proof of the large amount of English printed work that early found its way into Scotland, we have very long lists of English books left by Thomas Bassandyne, who died in 1577, and by Robert Gourlaw, who died in 1585. Mr. Ferguson has found in an old book of his, used as fly-leaves, four leaves of the cash journal of a Scottish retail bookseller of the early seventeenth century, and besides a selection of the more interesting from the later entries he transcribes the first complete day's sales, as thus:

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WE have received this week the July number of the Quarterly Journal of the New York State Historical Association. In the first article Mr. Frederick B. Richards discusses the question whether the body of a military man who lies buried in St. Peter's, Albany, N. Y., is or is not that of Lord Howe, the principal argument against this being the long hair. Mr. Meade C. Dobson follows, with illustrations, the pilgrimage made by members of the Historical Committee of the Long Island Chamber of Commerce over the route of Washington's tour of Long Island in 1790. Mrs. Janet Beroth contributes a long and careful examination of the convention of Saratoga and the infractions thereof committed both by British and Americans. Mr. Henry G. Stratham, in a short but forcible article, suggests the advisability of erecting a separate archives building for state and local records, many priceless old records under present conditions lying in considerable peril from fire and flood. The writer complains that there still exists an impression that old records are next to worthless and merely a great

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