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THE WHIG CLUB (11 S. iii. 428).—The Times, quoting from its number of 21 Sept., 1827, states that a correspondent has taken the trouble to inform us that at the sale of the furniture of the Crown and Anchor yesterday, the Whig-club chair was disposed of for 45 1." Perhaps this will afford the desired clue as to where the annual dinners of the Club were held. A. H. W. FYNMORE.


PANSY AND BEE: A COLLECTOR'S MARK (cliii. 316).-A bee was the collector's mark of William J. Latta, of Philadelphia, U.S.A., whose collection of objects associated with Napoleon was sold by auction at the Anderson Galleries in 1913-4. I cannot trace a pansy as the mark of any collector, though a search through Fagan's 'Collectors' Marks' may assist your correspondent.


ARRICK (clii. 406, 407, 447; cliii. 34, 232). I have gone over the London and Salisbury lists of Marriage Licences, also all Marriages up to 1838 in Salisbury, except St. Paul's. MR. BINGHAM ADAMS has given me some very good information. I am sorry to say that the registers he has mentioned are not here. There is only a very early edition of St. Andrew's, Plymouth, in our library. In St. Stephen's, Walbrook, London, I find one family of four sons, who spell their names respectively, Harwick, Harrick, Harrwick, Harrwicke. The second died, and in the Burial Register he appears as Hurricke.

Regarding Mr. Houston, I have been in touch with him, a friend of mine in Scotland, it appears, knows him well. It is quite true

that Andrew Arrok lived in Sauchie in 1610; that is the date of his wife's will. Andrew Orok's wife's will is proved at Sauchie, 1632. There was no Church in Sauchie till 1883. Mr. Donald Tod, of London, gave me this in January last, and says that the form Arrok (no doubt the early form of Arrick) occurred in Sauchie in 1610. He has no matter to prove this out of his large stock of Scottish family history.

The Minister of Clackmannan looked up his records at the Register House for me for the same dates as Mr. Houston, 1760-1795: no success. I have been also to the Register House and looked up records from 1700-60. I find the records from 1610-1700 are imperfect, and many leaves missing.

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POCKETS (cliii. 280, 323).-In brasses of


the fourteenth century, pockets are occasionally engraved in the lady's kirtle, as for instance in the 1365 Stapleton brass once at Ingham, Norfolk, now entirely lost. WALTER E. GAWTHORP. 96, High Road, N.2. [ERCHANTS' MARKS (cliii. 137,177,250). -It is interesting to note the likeness between some merchants', masons', and printers' marks, especially in the matter of the reversed 4 and the masts and pennants. In the Victoria and Albert Museum, on the cover of a German Ledger, 1648, is such a mark, also introducing the letters B and M. Mayor of Norwich in 1451 presented screen to the Chapel of St. Mary in St. John's, Maddermarket, Norwich. His mark, in which is an inverted 4, is, I believe, somewhere thereon. In vol. i., No. 2 Journal of the O. U. Brass Rubbing Soc., there is an article by H. K. St. John Sanderson, on Merchants' Marks. He refers to an article by R. Webb, Cambridge Camden Society, 1846.

The the


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The Library.

A History of the Parish Church of Woodford
of Essex. By F. G. Emler.
Stanley L.. Hunt, Rushden. 4s. 6d.).
WOODFORD Parish Church as we now see it
but it stands on an ancient church site and its
history goes back to the twelfth century. Mr.
Emler gives us first, from the Parish Records,
a lively account of the steps taken-not always
in peace and unanimity-towards replacing the
old building by the present one. He then goes
through the forty-three names of the Woodford
Rectors, which start with William Wisard v.
Wystard. Among them is John Larke, who
was at Woodford but a year, being presented in
1527 to the living of Chelsea by Sir Thomas
More, and who was executed at Tyburn in
1544/5 for refusing to acknowledge the King's
ecclesiastical supremacy. Robert Wright, later
Bishop of Bristol, and then of Lichfield and
Coventry, who was called on to suffer some
hardship for opposition to Parliament in the
early days of the Rebellion, was Rector of
Woodford from 1589 to 1619; a pluralist who
was not much seen in
any of his many
parishes More than one of these Rectors
resembled him in this. For the last sixty years
or so the Parish Clerks have been drawn from
the Lowe family, one of whom held the office
for thirty-five years. Mr. Emler gives a care-
ful, detailed description of the Registers. the
earliest of which goes back to 1638. According
to the second of these books Woodford collected
on Oct. 10, 1666-the day appointed for a general
fast-£3 6s. 4d. to be sent to the Mayor for
the lamentable fire at London." Twice over
in the history of the church was the whole of
the Communion plate stolen-in 1693/4 and in
1773. The bells-six in number-are from the
Whitechapel Foundry of Richard Phelps and
all. bear the date 1721. Those who are inter-
ested in the social significance of the pew and
how proprietorship in pews worked out will
find a good deal to their purpose here. In the
way of monuments, too, Woodford Church has
some things worth notice. The oldest is that
to Robert Wynch, who died in 1590; then there
are memorials of Elwes. Holbech, Bosanquet,
Selwyn, Roe with several others, and outside
lies Sir Thomas St. George, who succeeded
Dugdale as Garter King-of-arms. The Godfroy
family were connected with Woodford for sev-
eral generations, and there is a sumptuous
monument to them in the Churchyard. In the
eighteenth century Thomas Godfrey desired +
leave £400 to the parish to be invested for the
benefit of the poor on condition that this monu-
ment should be kept in repair, but the Vestry
would not accept the bequest on those terms,
the structure being so elaborate... This is a
good book of its kind.


On Stimulus in Economic Life. By Sir Josiah Stamp. (Cambridge University Press. 3s. net.).

THIS year's Rede Lecture brings up, in the of illustration, a of the newer interesting facts and no less interesting gaps in knowledge-concerned with response, whether physiological or psychologIn some good pages towards the end the author suggests correction of the common assumption that a stimulus is to be condemned, always and altogether, if, after producing the effective energy desired, it is followed by violent reaction. He also discusses with discernment the relative effectiveness of different economic stimuli, among which the prospect of pecuniary gain is probably rated too high as an incentive.


his Catalogue No. 91, and a large proportion
MR. BERNARD HALLIDAY of Leicester sends us
of the items this describes are well worth the
collector's and the student's consideration.
A piece of outstanding interest-it is priced
£85 is a portrait in oils, original and con-
temporary, of Capt. Cook, apparently at
about 40 years of age, "not so good looking
than in Webber's."
as in Dance's portrait, but better looking
can be had on application.
A photograph of this
Two volumes of
Shelton's Don Quixote the first in the sec-
ond issue of the first edition, the second in the
first edition, bound by Riviere, are offered for
£65; and a first edition of Chapman's
condition and containing the engraved title to
Homer, in the original calf, in excellent
the second part, though it lacks the general
engraved title, is offered for £85. A fifteenth
century English manuscript of St. Augustine's
Meditationes de Spiritu Sancto' from the
London Charterhouse is an interesting item
of which the price is £31 10s. Under Shake-
speare the principal book is a Fourth Folio
(1685: £185). Seven volumes of Ackermann's
books of coloured plates are offered for £140;
and here is also his Microcosm of London
offered for £42. Then there are first editions
of Robinson Crusoe >
(265) and Sterne's
'Sentimental Journey (45); several first
editions of Dickens of which the most import-
ant are Martin Chuzzlewit' (£33) and a
copy of Hard Times' which is a variation
of the first edition hitherto unknown (L35);
a copy in perfect condition of Gough's Sepul
chral Monuments in Great Britain,' 1786-99:
(30); a collection of eighteenth and early
nineteenth century juvenile literature (£7 108.);
a collection of MS. material, in all over 150
pieces, of dates between 1780 and 1840 dealing
with Roads, Canals, Bridges, Railways, etc.
(£12 10s.); and the first issue of Alken's Ideas,
Accidental and Incidental to Hunting and other
Sports, caught in Leicestershire (£105).



Printed and Published by The Bucks Free Press, Ltd., at their Offices, High Street,
Wycombe, in the County of Bucks.


NOVEMBER 19, 1927.

Vol. 153. No, 21.


HE Collection of the late Mr. A. H. Radice, of Naples, will be offered for sale on TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 22nd and 23rd Next, at

Messrs. Puttick & Simpson's


47, Leicester Square, London. The Collection comprises a Fine Selection of

Neapolitan, Roman States, Tuscan and Sicilian Stamps, including:


1680-Arms, tornese blue (very rare).
Lot 74.

1860 Cross, tornese pale blue. Lot 75.
1858 - Set of 5, 1, 1, 10 and 20 grani.
Lot 73.


1859-1 gr. olive-green, 5 gr. carmine,
20 gr. slate black, 5 gr. brown-
lake. Lot 87.

1859-1 gr. olive-green, 5 gr. orange-
red, 5 gr. rose-red,
50 gr.
brown-lake. Lot 88.

1851-2-2 soldi brick-red on azure (rare).
Lot 96.

1851-2-1 soldo orange on azure, wack.
crowns. Lot 95.


1852-50 bojocchi dull blue, 1 scudo dull
rose. Lot 82.

The Collection may be viewed at 47. Leicester Square on the Monday before the sale.

IN or OUT of print


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and AUTOGRAPHS for SALE. Early printed Works, Standard Authors, First Editions, &c. Catalogues free. Books and autographs wanted for cash. Lists free.Reginald Atkinson, 188, Peckham Rye, London, S.E.22.



INDEX to VOLUME CLII. SUBJECT INDEX ready. Orders, accompanied by a remit- PUBLISHER'S BINDING CASES for VOL.


to VOL. CLII. (Jan.-June, 1927) is




AND tance, should be sent QUERIES," 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks, England, direct or through local newsagents and booksellers. The Index is also on sale at our London office, 22, Essex Street, Strand, W.C.2.

1927) are now on NOTES sale, and should be ordere from AND QUERIES," 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks, England, direct or through local bookbinders. The Cases are also on sale at 22, Essex Street, Strand, W.C.2.

Price, 28. 6d.: postage, 1d.

Price 38., postage 3d.


and other early Dramatists. Report all early books, pamphlets, manuscripts, autograph letters, out of the way items, etc., to


34 & 35, Conduit St., London, W

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Culleton's Heraldic Office, Ltd.

(Established 1840).


2. KING STREET, St. JAMES, S.W.1. To available:
Specialists in all matters connected
with Heraldry and Genealogy.

Heraldic Artists, Stationers and

A most interesting booklet on Genealogical
Research, post free on application.

Founded 1849.

20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks. (Telephone: Wycombe, 306).


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NOTES: The Parnasssus Plays, 363-The King's
Ships, 366-Banking items, 370.

QUERIES:-William Sangster, umbrella maker-
First Scottish Lord Mayor of London-Village
children's " peep-shows Lot grass9 - Jno.-
Walter Needham, M.D., F.R.S.-The Old
Chronicler '-Bishop of Lohengrin-Vocabulary
of Savages Captain Toning, 371 Anderson
Osborne Sir Peter Mutton, M.P. Carnarvon
Boroughs, 1624-Authors wanted, 372.
REPLIES:-Charles I and the Banqueting House,
Whitehall, 372 Wellington's humanity, 375
Cardiff Old Town Hall-Jean le Féron- St
Ronan's Well,' 376 'Melismata,' 1671

'Pinkies," 377.



THE LIBRARY: 'An Introduction to Bibliography for Literary Students.'


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No. 2-Jan. 8, 1916 (Vol. i).
No. 53-Dec. 30, 1916 (Vol. ii).

THIRD SERIES (1862-1867), in various bind-
ings, second-hand, in good condition, £5.
FOURTH SERIES (1868-1873), and General In-
dex, in various bindings, second hand, £6.
FOURTH SERIES (1868-1873), bound half
leather, marbled boards, second-hand, in good
condition, £7 78.
FIFTH SERIES (1874-1879) bound half leather,
marbled boards, second-hand, in good con
dition, £7 78.

SEVENTH SERIES (1886-1891). in Publisher's
cloth cases, in very good condition, second-
hand, and General Index in paper cover,
£6 68.


HE following numbers and Volume Indices THE of the TWELFTH SERIES or the complete volumes in which they are included :

No. 67-Apr. 14, 1917 (Vol. iii).
No. 86-November 1917 (Vol. iv).
No. 128-Sept. 25, 1920 (Vol. vii).
No. 148-Feb. 12, 1921 (Vol. viii).
No. 168-July 2, 1921 (Vol. ix).
No. 185-Oct. 29, 1921 (Vol. ix).
No. 228-Aug. 26, 1922 (Vol. xi).
Indices to Vol. vi (Jan.-June, 1920) and
Vol. ix (July-Dec., 1921).

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Friday, at 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks (Telephone: Wycombe 306). Subscriptions (£2 28. a year, U.S.A. $10.50, including postage, two half-yearly indexes and two cloth binding cases, or £1 158. 4d. a year, U.S.A. $9, without binding cases) should be sent to the Manager. The London Office is at 22, Essex Street, W.C.2 (Telephone: Central 0396), where the current issue is on sale. Orders for back 'numbers, indexes and bound volumes should be sent either to London or to Wycombe; letters for the Editor to the London Office.


THE mining town of Lens, on the coal-field of the Pas-de-Calais, has risen from its ruins-ruin so complete that the whole had to be new-built. The Times of Nov. 16 gives an account and pictures of the new town, the result of the energy and ability of the Société des Mines de Lens, one of the largest industrial companies in the North of France. The company was faced not only with the task of restoring the mines and their wrecked superstructure, but with rebuilding the homes of their workpeople, a gigantic work, now almost completed. With one exception the pits are in working order, and trim rows of cottages stand in place of the wilderness of battered bricks. In the region of Lens, as in most colliery districts where the mining shafts have been sunk in open country, the miners' dwellings cluster round the pithead, forming, with the church, the schools, and a certain number of shops, a self-contained social unit. In France such a settlement is called a citè, and the town of Lens is made up of a dozen or so of these citès. The company now provides in every way for the needs of the miner and his family. It gives him a home, with a garden sufficient for him to grow all the vegetables which he requires, and adds a gardening school where he can learn to grow them. It assumes the role of the Government in the upbringing of his children, and gives them a first-class elementary education. It provides cookery and dressmaking classes for the elder girls, and allows them to earn their living

until they marry within the citè by running work-rooms where they can get employment. Each citè has its co-operative store, its surgery, its men's club, its cinema, and its various social institutions. To all appearances the Lens miner is satisfied with his lot. The attitude of the company towards its employees is on a par with the broad lines on which it has laid its plans for the expansion of the industry by the manufacture of sub-products of coal. They are both typical of the larger and more far-sighted industrial policy which has manifested itself in France since the war.

ON Wednesday last we noticed in The Times

description of Miss Nan West's decoration of the waiting-room of the new OutPatient Department at the Royal Orthopedic Hospital in Great Portland Street. The subjects chosen are summer landscapes treated, the critic reports, with freshness, gentleness and gaiety-which should make them acceptable to the people who will most often be looking at them. The artist is young; and it may well be thought, that the special charm of youth is peculiarly appropriate to a hospital. It is further satisfactory to find this new field opening up for artists. The easel picture under modern home conditions, will probably be less and less in demand; it will be clear gain if much

and that the best-of what art is and conveys comes to be transferred back to a position it occupied more largely in former days Nor can the walls of public buildings. we help hoping that the artist will find here not only opportunity for new and interesting developments in technique, but also occasion for new inspiration.

THE Rev. S. Claude Tickell, Vicar of Lat

ton, Swindon, writes to us as follows on the subject of preserving perishable inscriptions and oral traditions: "I am writing to suggest that in every parish some one wishful to preserve the perishable evidences of an imperishable past should copy all perishable inscriptions (especially those in the open air), with a numbered plan of church and churchyard, and take down all oral traditions, and so preserve what must else inevitably be lost in a generation or so.

Copies of inscriptions and traditions should be placed in the church safe, and copies of inscriptions, with numbered plan of church and churchyard, would be gratefully acknowledged by the Society of Genealogists, 5, Bloomsbury Square, W.C.1.

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