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Seventy-Eighth Year.

JULY 2, 1927.


NOTES:--Goldsmith and A Concise History of
England,' 3-English Cookery Books: Biblio-
graphy, 4-Parry, Perry and Pyke Families. 5
Rubrication in Churchyard inscriptions
Curious book bindings, 6-John Ziska: Warrior
of God-The Bedford Level, 7-A Pluralist Rec-
tor-" Oxford Bags The Leighs of West
- Leigh, Co. Lancs.-John Stirling; autograph, 8.

QUERIES:-'A second Tale of a Tub': a biblio-

graphical puzzle-Cats purring-Chemical test

for death: fluorescein--Fredrick Tatham's wife

-Peacock folk-lore, 9-Sir William Camoyse-

"Brates" its meaning

Windows of the

soul"-Dr. Beattie, and David Garrick-Oyez-
Croke Family Bartholommeo's Lamentation'
at Florence Cartoon by Sir J. Reynolds
Cundleton, 10.
REPLIES:-James Gallatin's

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A Great Peace-

maker,' 11 Wellington before Waterloo, 12-



Sergeant-at-arms: House
Commons, 13-Old Writing Schools-Portraits of
Voltaire-Wednesbury Church: Harcourt monu-
ment. 14- Bryan O'Lynn '-Hartley Coleridge:
Suard-The Wife of Charles Knevet, 15-Legali
circumlocution-Kirkby Malham: inscription-
Allusions in Stevenson, 16.

THE LIBRARY:- Plays and Masques at Court
--The Founders of Seismology.'


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9d. 8d. 7d.

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Visitors to London are invited to The Piccadilly Auction Rooms (Calder House) to inspect the display of ancient Silver, Jewels and Antiques collected from the Ancestral Homes of England. To obtain the full value of your treasures, employ the Auctioneer with expert knowledge of values, and one who studies the customer's interest before his own personal gain. Although it may seem paradoxical, it is nevertheless a fact, that if you wished to buy you could not do better than attend my rooms or instruct me to purchase on your behalf. It is simply a case of one person buying what another wishes to sell that enables me to perform a double service to the advantage of both buyer and seller.


I have a fleet of motor cars and staff of experts constantly touring the country visiting the homes of the hard-pressed fixed income classes, who are compelled to part with their treasures in order to meet the everincreasing demands of the tax collector. For 21s. two of my representa

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tives-one with a knowledge of Plate and Jewels, and the other Pictures, Porcelain, Old Furniture, Objects of Art, etc.-will call and impart all the information they can, and, if necessary, bring the jewels and silver away in the car. If desired, a third will also call to confer with those who wish to sell their landed property by auction or by private treaty, to talk about valuations for mortgages, dilapidations, and all such matters undertaken by a surveyor.

Valuations for Probate, Insurance, etc., at moderate fees. Weekly Auction Sales of Pearls, Diamonds, Old Silver, Sheffield Plate. No buyingin charges. Stamps purchased for cash to any amount. Parcels safe registered post.

W. E. HURCOMB, Calder House (Entrance: 1, Dover Street),

Piccadilly, London, W. 1. 'Phone: Regent 6878-9.


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NOTES AND QUERIES is published every Friday, at 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks (Telephone: Wycombe 306). Subscriptions (82 28. a year, U.S.A. $10.50, including postage, two half-yearly indexes and two cloth binding cases, or £1 158. 4d. a year, U.S.A. $9, without binding cases) should be sent to the Manager. The London Office is at 22, Essex Street, W.C.2 (Telephone: Central 396), where

the current issue is on sale. Orders for back

numbers, indexes and bound volumes should be sent either to London or to Wycombe; letters for the Editor to the London Office.


WE heartily congratulate the Editor of Antiquity and his contributors on their new number. It starts out with Dr. Hooton's discussion of the ever-fresh enquiry, Where did Man originate?—a discussion which ends by rejection of the theory of a central Asiatic area whence the protohuman (is this an accepted word) stocks were dispersed, in favour of the view that the Medi


terranean zone and Northern Africa were


the scenes of great part of anthropoid
development. Dr. Hooton seems inclined to
believe that more than one anthropoid form
made progress towards humanity. Profes-
sor Mawer has an article on Place-names
and Archaeology in which, among several
other matters of great interest, is suggestion
of a new interpretation of -stone in some
place-names, grounded upon the Hursting
stone, or Abbot's Chair at Woodhurst,
Hunts. Dr. Randall MacIver works out in
a substantial paper the debt which later
civilization owes, chiefly through Rome, to
the Etruscans. "The name of Rome,'
he concludes, "itself is probably Etruscan."
Mr. W. G. Collingwood in 'Christian
Vikings' sets out reasons for believing that
in the ninth century Viking settlers very
largely embraced Christianity, in however
imperfect a way, with the result that their
sons and grandsons in certain districts of
northern England became founders of
The Editor fulfils the promise
made in the first number of this review and
sets out, trenchantly too, his reasons for
disagreeing with M. Salomon Reinach's
interpretation of the finds at Glozel, which


he pronounces sans façon to be forgeries. Mr. C. W. Stevens writes about Ancient Writers on Britain, and Flight-Lieutenant Maitland about the "Works of the Old Men" in Arabia. Professor Sayce sets out the present position of the Aryan Problem-fifty years after." The short articles grouped under the heading Notes and News' are valuable, and most of the papers are provided with excellent illustrations.



The Mercure de France for June 15 contains an illustrated article by Dr. A. Morlet entitled 'Premières Hypothèses sur le Système de Numération des Glozéliens' which, accepting the authenticity of the finds and their neolithic origin, proceeds to discover in the scratches and crosses upon them a scheme of numeration which may even with some plausibility be guessed to be decimal. This is all very well, if the fundamental case for genuineness could be We fear the prossatisfactorily made out. pect of doing so is not bright. THOSE who are interested in the Roman of defence and occupation which have left Empire, and particularly in the armies traces in so many parts of Europe may like to note the article on the Worship of Mithras by Lieut.-Colonel Spain, published in the July Cornhill. Colonel Spain presents careful reference to archaeological discoveries. his topic most sympathetically and with In conclusion he hazards two suggestions: first, that the worship of Mithras continued that the cross-legged effigies on tombs are in secret into the Middle Ages, and secondly teristic cross-legged attitude in some sort a reminiscence of the characadopted for statues of the Mithraic Dadophori, or Torchbearers, who stood on each side of the basrelief of the Killing of the Bull in the Mithraic temples. Mr. J. R. Macphail contributes to this number a pleasant sketch-well illustrated from Boswell's letters and of Boswelliana generally. Dr. Johnson's unique admirer. Another good article-first of a series-is Mr. ing Experiences in Rhodesia, in which he H. R. Cumming's description of Huntintroduces the reader to a truly formidable Zwaart Haart Jan (Black Heart Jan) and Boer hunter, Jan van der Stell, called by the natives Kanamusa, which is to say the Cruel.

THIS last week has seen the celebration of two great centenaries of three even, if we are not too minutely, pedantically

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