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Elementary Arithmetic: With Brief Notices of Its History (Classic Reprint)
No preview available - 2018
added addition adopted amount appears arithmetic Avoirdupois beginning called Cambridge cent coinage coins College common considered consist contained continued crown cubic inches decimal denominator denote difference divided division divisor earth Edition employed England English equal expressed factors farthings feet figures foot four fraction francs French gain gallon Geometrical Geometry given gives gold grains greater Hence hundred inches increased interest King least length less logarithms means measure method miles minutes months moon motion multiplied names natural nearly notes observed original ounce pence penny period person pieces points pound prime proportion published quotient receive reckoned reduced reign remainder respectively Roman scale seven shillings silver square standard subtracted successive taken third thousand Troy units week weight weights and measures whole worth yards
Page 13 - ... the ratio of the ovendry weight of a sample to the weight of a volume of water equal to the volume of the sample at some specific moisture content, as green, air-dry, or ovendry.
Page 2 - And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.
Page 3 - The logarithm of the root of a number is found by dividing the logarithm of the number by the index of the root. For, У2 = %/Ï0^ = 10*.
Page 16 - The Quotient is the number of times the divisor is contained in the dividend. The Remainder is the part of the dividend which is left undivided.
Page 20 - In using an imperial measure of capacity, the same shall not be heaped, but either shall be stricken with a round stick or roller, straight and of the same diameter from end to end...
Page 22 - ... standard yard is given by the interval between the middle transversal line at one end and the middle transversal line at the other end, the part of each line which is employed being the point midway between the longitudinal lines; and the said points are in this Act referred to as the centres of the said gold plugs or pins ; and such bar is marked " copper 16 oz., tin 2|, zinc 1. " Mr. Baily's metal. No. 1 standard yard at " G2°- 00 Fahrenheit. Cast in 1845. Troughton
Page 6 - My lord, I have undertaken this long journey purposely to see your person, and to know by what engine of wit or ingenuity you came first to think of this most excellent help into astronomy, viz. the logarithms ; but, my lord, being by you found out, I wonder nobody else found it out before, when now known it is so easy.
Page 25 - JAMES, by the grace of God, king of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith; and of Scotland the seven and fortieth.