Chemical Nomenclature

Front Cover
K. J. Thurlow
Springer Science & Business Media, 1998 - 247 pages
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A general introduction to forms of chemical nomenclature dealing with systematic and trivial names. Chapters are included on specialized naming systems for polymers and natural products and on the role of computers and the quest to find a quick and accurate naming program.
 

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Contents

The need for good nomenclature
1
From hydrogen to meitnerium naming the chemical elements
27
the concept of an element
28
23 The naming of the elements before 1789
33
25 Berzelius and the agreement on symbols
35
26 Organizing the elements
37
27 Isotopes and radioactivity
39
28 Choosing names for new elements 15
41
541 Simple inorganic names
137
544 Hydrides
138
546 Porphyrins etc
142
547 General problems
143
References
145
Nomenclature for polymer chemistry
146
62 The Stipulation
147
basic definitions of terms
148

281 Elements named after people
42
282 Elements named after countries or places
43
283 Named after a distinctive property
44
284 Named after a mineral
45
29 Some cases of elemental confusion
46
292 Plumb crazy over lead
48
293 A Hatched job on niobium 20
49
a special case
51
212 Naming groups columns and rows
52
213 Spurious elements
53
214 No universal names
54
216 IUPAC tries to bring order
55
217 Conclusion
56
Appendix 2A Definitions of element down the ages
57
Appendix 2B Discover of the elements
58
Appendix 2C Chronology of the discovery of the elements
62
References
65
Chemical Abstracts Service Chemical Substance Index nomenclature
67
32 Mission of CAS
68
34 Chemical Substance Indexes
71
35 Chemical Substance Index nomenclature
73
36 Relationship of CAS nomenclature to national and international authorities
85
37 Growth of the chemical literature
88
38 CAS registry system
90
39 ComputerSupported Name Generation Systems
99
310 Challenges for the future
101
Bibliography
102
IUPAC nomenclature part 1 organic
103
42 Organic names
105
422 How do we decide on a name?
106
423 Unsaturated compounds
115
424 Unsaturated cyclic compounds
116
425 Multivalent radicals from unsaturated cyclic compounds
117
427 Bridges
119
428 Spiro compounds
120
429 Hydrocarbon ring assemblies
121
4210 Heterocyclic systems
122
4211 Replacement nomenclature
124
4213 Seniority of rings
125
4215 Other suffixes
126
IUPAC nomenclature part 2 organic inorganic and others
127
511 Assembly names
128
512 Special systems
131
515 Ions
132
521 Chirality
133
53 Deducing the structure from the name
136
64 Regular singlestrand quasisinglestrand and doublestrand polymers
150
65 Polymer formulae
152
67 Irregular singlestrand organic polymers
154
dH Doublestrand organic polymers
155
610 Stereochemistry
156
612 Crystalline polymers and liquidcrystal polymers
157
614 Degradation and ageing
158
617 Current and future projects
159
Acknowledgements
160
Natural Products
162
72 Trivial names
164
721 Good practice in the assignment of trivial names
167
73 Semitrivial names a class that should be discouraged
169
74 Biogenetic numbering and the natural product specialists semisystematic schemes
172
75 Systematic nomenclature
175
761 Modification of fundamental parent structures
176
77 Stereochemical considerations
178
771 The entconvention
181
78 Review of natural product classes
183
783 Carbohydrates glycosides
186
784 Tannins
188
756 Steroids
195
787 Flavonoids
196
788 Lignans
198
789 Amino acids and peptides
199
7810 Alkaloids
200
7811 Polypyrroles
204
79 Conclusion
205
Notes and References
206
Trivial nomenclature the INN and ISO systems
208
822 Secretariat mechanism
209
523 Guiding principles
213
824 The prefixstem approach
214
825 Stereochemistry
217
526 Modified INN
219
828 Recombinant biological substances
221
829 Mixtures
223
8210 The trade mark interface and the protection of INN
225
8211 Computer support
227
8212 Summary
228
831 Constitution
229
References
234
Computergenerated chemical nomenclature
235
Index
243
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