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of twenty-five positions in the General Accounting Office in grades 16, 17, and 18 of the General Schedule. Such positions shall be in addition to the number of positions authorized to be placed in such grades by subsection (b).

(e) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States Department of Justice, is authorized, without regard to any other provision in this section, to place a total of seventy-five positions in the Federal Bureau of Investigation in grades 16, 17, and 18 of the General Schedule. Such positions shall be in addition to the number of positions authorized to be placed in such grades by subsection (b).

(f) The National Security Council is authorized, subject to the procedures prescribed by this section, to place two additional positions in grade 18, one additional position in grade 17, and two additional positions in grade 16 of the general schedule. Such positions shall be in addition to the number of positions authorized to be placed in such grades by subsection (b).

(f) The Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts is authorized to place a total of four positions in grade 17 of the General Schedule. Such positions shall be in addition to the number of positions authorized to be placed in such grade by subsection (b).

(g) The Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization is authorized to place a total of eleven positions in grade 17 of the General Schedule. Such positions shall be in addition to the number of positions authorized to be placed in such grade by subsection (b). (h) In any case in which, subsequent to February 1, 1958, provisions are included in a general appropriation Act authorizing an agency of the Government to place additional positions in grade 16, 17, or 18, the total number of positions authorized by this section to be placed in such grades shall, unless otherwise expressly provided, be deemed to have been reduced by the number of positions authorized by such provisions to be placed in such grades. Such reduction shall be deemed to have occurred in the following order: first, from any number specifically authorized for such agency under this section, and second, from the maximum number of positions authorized to be placed in such grades under subsection (b) irrespective of the agency to which such positions are allocated.

(i) Appointments to positions in grades 16, 17, and 18 of the General Schedule shall be made only upon approval by the Civil Service Commission of the qualifications of the proposed appointees, except that this subsection shall not apply to those positions

(1) provided for in subsection (e) of this section;

(2) to which appointments are made by the President alone or by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and

(3) for which the compensation is paid from (A) appropriations for the Executive Office of the President under the headings "The White House Office", "Special Projects", "Council of Economic Advisers", "National Security Council", "Office of Defense Mobilization", and "President's Advisory Committee on Government Organization", or (B) funds appropriated to the President under the heading "Emergency Fund for the President, National Defense" by the General Government Matters Appropriation

Act, 1959, or any subsequent Act making appropriations for such

purposes.

(j) The Secretary of Defense is authorized, subject to the standards and procedures prescribed by this Act, to place a total of three hundred and seventy-two positions in the Department of Defense in grades 16, 17, and 18 of the General Schedule.

SECTIONS 1581 (a) AND 1582 OF TITLE 10 OF THE UNITED STATES CODE

§ 1581. Appointment: professional and scientific services

(a) The Secretary of Defense may establish not more than [two hundred and ninety-two] four hundred and fifty civilian positions in the Department of Defense to carry out research and development relating to the national defense, military medicine, and other activities of the Department of Defense that require the services of specially qualified scientists or professional personnel.

§ 1582. Professional and scientific services: reports to Congress on appointments

The Secretary of Defense shall report to Congress not later than February 1 of each [calendar] year on the number of positions established under section 1581 of this title during [that] the immediately preceding calendar year. The report shall list the name, rate of compensation, functions, and qualifications of each incumbent. However, the Secretary may omit any item if he considers that a full public report on it would be detrimental to the national security. In such case, he shall present the information, in executive session, to such committees of the Senate and the House of Representatives as are designated by the presiding officers of those bodies.

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86TH CONGRESS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1st Session

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REPORT No. 598

GRANTING CONSENT OF CONGRESS TO AN INTERSTATE COMPACT CREATING THE NEW YORK-NEW JERSEY TRANSPORTATION AGENCY

JUNE 29, 1959.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. CELLER, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the following

REPORT

[To accompany H.J. Res. 403]

The Committee on the Judiciary to whom was referred the joint. resolution (H.J. Res. 403) granting consent of Congress to a compact entered into between the State of New York and the State of New Jersey for the creation of the New York-New Jersey Transportation Agency, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend that the joint resolution do pass.

The amendments are as follows:

On page 1, lines 6 and 7, strike out "as well as the Act of March 4, 1959 of the Laws of New Jersey" and insert in lieu thereof the following: "as amended by chapter 24 of the Laws of New Jersey of 1959,". On page 6, line 6, strike the word "mater" and insert in lieu thereof "matter".

On page 19, lines 22 and 23, strike the following "or any of its standing committees".

On page 19, line 25, strike the following language, "or such committee".

On page 19, line 25, strike the following "Further, the".

On page 20, line 1, strike "or any of the said committees".

PURPOSE OF THE AMENDMENTS

The first two amendments set forth above are merely technical and correctional in nature. The purpose of the remaining amendments is to strike from the legislation specific reference to congressional committees. Section 2(e) of the resolution reserves to the Congress the right to require the disclosure and furnishing of information or

data as the Congress may deem appropriate. Under this joint resolution specific references to the committees of Congress are, in the opinion of the committee, superfluous, and for that reason are eliminated from that subsection.

PURPOSE OF THE LEGISLATION

The purpose of this legislation is to grant the consent of Congress to an interstate compact entered into between the States of New York and New Jersey relating to the creation of a New York-New Jersey Transportation Agency. Those States are the only ones affected by this legislation.

GENERAL STATEMENT

In 1958, after the completion of a study by the Metropolitan Rapid Transit Commission, an agency of the State of New York and the State of New Jersey, New York enacted legislation to create a bistate regional body to initiate a practical plan which could be put into effect. The State of New Jersey enacted a variation of the legislation, chapter 13 of the Laws of New Jersey of 1959. The New York Legislature adopted a variation of the New Jersey proposal, chapter 420 of the Laws of New York of 1959. That legislation was signed into law on April 15, 1959. The State of New Jersey subsequently adopted the necessary conforming amendments on May 4, 1959, and they were signed the same day.

The problem of dealing with the difficulties of moving large numbers of persons between New York and New Jersey during the peak commuter hours has been the object of study by a number of groups over a period of years. Some of the proposals resulting from those studies have failed to move forward because they have tended to be too ambitious and expensive.

While metropolitan commutation problems are primarily a matter of local responsibility and concern, New York-New Jersey commutation is an interstate matter which neither State can effectively deal with alone. Accordingly, the compact for the new bistate transportation agency has been enacted by the legislatures of both of the States, and the nature of the compact is such that the consent of Congress is necessary.

The compact would create an "interstate agency" to serve as a public agency of the States of New York and New Jersey in dealing with matters affecting public mass transit within and between the two States. The agency is to be known as the New York-New Jersey Transportation Agency. It is to be composed of two members, one designated by the Governor of each State by and with the advice and consent of the senate of such State unless provided by the laws of the State for which the member is designated. Each of the two members. is to be an official of his respective State "whose official duties within the State include the duty of dealing with transportation problems." The transportation agency is to act by resolution concurred in by each member, but subject to the right of veto by each Governor. The agency is charged with the preparation of both "an interim" and a "long-range" plan for submission to the respective Governors and legislatures of the two States to establish arrangements for the "preservation, coordination, consolidation, integration, and improvement of transportation facilities and services."

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