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stocks of joint holders.
ty days, how collected.
Treasurer until called for. They are payable, when properly indorsed, on presentation at any one of the above-named offices.
Holders of this stock should notify the Register of the Treasury of any change in their address.
Interest will be paid to any one of several joint holders, or co-trustees, executors, administrators, or guardians, but in the execution of a power to a third party to collect all must join. In case of the death of either, the survivors will be recognized as having full authority, upon due proof of such death and survivorship. The same rule will govern at the final redemption of a loan.
It the interest on registered stock of the old loans is not claimed for nine- claimed within ninety days after interest day, it will be returned to the Treasury as unclaimed, and must then be collected in person or by attorney, at the office of the Treasurer in Washington.
Dividend officers to deposit un
at once, &c.
For the convenience of the public, powers to collect specified unclaimed interest may be made in favor of the "Chief of the Loan Division of the Secretary's office," and be sent by mail to the Secretary of the Treasury. It will then be collected, and a check for the amount will be sent by mail.
Deposits of unclaimed interest should be promptly made by the several dividend offices at the expiration of the ninety claimed interest days. The certificates of deposit should specifically state why the interest is deposited, and to what loan account it belongs. If on account of several loans, the amount to each must be stated. The information must be full and explicit, and should be indorsed on the back of the original certificate, which should be at once forwarded to the Secretary of the Treasury, the depositor retaining the duplicate.
Powers of attorney to collect interest.
Payment of coupons.
Powers of attorney to collect interest on registered bonds are required to be in the same general form, must be acknowledged, and are subject to the rules and instructions. applicable to powers to assign and transfer certificates of stock, as given on pages 59, 60.
PAYMENT OF COUPONS.
Coupons are paid by the Treasurer of the United States at Washington, by either of the Assistant Treasurers or Designated Depositaries named on page 69, where interest on reg
istered stock is payable, and also by the Designated Depositaries at Mobile, Alabama; Louisville, Kentucky; Santa Fé, New Mexico; and Tucson, Arizona Territory, at the option of holders.
For the regulations of the Department in relation to the payment of coupons on bonds called in for redemption, when only a fractional part of the coupon is payable, see Chapter V.
PAYMENT OF INTEREST BEFORE MATURITY.
The Secretary of the Treasury has authority to pay, and Payment of inoften does pay, coupons and interest on registered stock interest in advance advance of maturity. When the time of payment is only a few days in advance, the whole amount is paid without rebate, but for longer periods of time a proportional rebate has been made. No interest is subject to rebate which is not voluntarily applied for before maturity.
Previous public notice is always given in each case of the intention of the Government to make advance payments at any designated time.
The following is the law of Congress under which pay- Law for advanced ment of interest is thus anticipated, being chapter 20 of the payments. Resolutions of the year 1864:
JOINT RESOLUTION TO AUTHORIZE THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY TO ANTI-
Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives
for payment of
coupons in ad
There is a standing order of the Treasury Department Standing order that coupons will be paid on presentation sixty days before maturity, upon a rebate of interest at the rate of six per cent. per annum in gold.
vance on rebate
COIN IN THE TREASURY; SALE OF GOLD; PURCHASE OF BONDS;
1. Coin in the Treasury.
3. Payment and redemption of bonds.
2. Sale of gold and purchase of bonds.
4. Monthly debt statement.
Coin kept in the
Authority to sell gold.
-to buy bonds.
COIN IN THE TREASURY.
The coin received from duties on imports has every year been more than the amount necessary for the payment of interest on the public debt and the principal of that portion which has matured during the same period, and for other disbursements of the Government required to be paid in specie; and from seventy to a hundred millions of dollars have been constantly kept in the Treasury for several years past, under different Secretaries, as a reserve, to be used at times when the exigencies of the Government should require it.
SALE OF GOLD AND PURCHASE OF BONDS.
Congress, by joint resolution of March 17, 1864, authorized the Secretary of the Treasury "to dispose of any gold in the Treasury of the United States not necessary for the payment of interest of the public debt: Provided, That the obligation to create the sinking fund, according to the act of February twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, shall not be impaired thereby.
And by act of July 11, 1862, chapter 142, section 1, the Secretary of the Treasury was authorized to "purchase, at rates not exceeding that of the current market and cost of
CHAP. V.] SALE OF GOLD, PURCHASE OF BONDS.
purchase not exceeding one-eighth of one per centum, any bonds or certificates of debt of the United States, as he might deem advisable." The act of March 3, 1863, chapter 73, scction 3, repealed so much of the act of July 11, 1862, and another act, as restricted the "negotiation of bonds" to market value, and if that applies to the purchase of bonds, it allows the Secretary to buy at any price.
It has been the invariable practice of the Department How gold is sold since March, 1869, to sell gold and purchase bonds in and bonds are the open market, and only through the Assistant Treasurer at New York, on proposals invited from the public by notifications in the newspapers. Within a few days of the close of each month the Secretary sends written instructions to the Assistant Treasurer at New York as to the amount of gold to be sold and bonds to be purchased during the then next month, specifying the dates of purchases and sales, and the amounts of each.
The purchase of bonds always takes place on Wednesday and the sale of gold on Thursday, so that currency may be paid out of the Treasury for bonds before it is required for the payment of gold purchased.
The Assistant Treasurer publishes in the newspapers a Public notice, notice inviting proposals in the following form, only vary
ing the dates and amounts each month according to the direction of the Secretary:
OFFICE OF U. S. ASSISTANT TREASURER,
NEW YORK, June 3, 1872.
During the month of June, 1872, I shall, by order, receive bids for gold, and offers of bonds as follows:
A certified check for five per cent. of bid or offer must be deposited therewith. Proposals will be opened at 12 o'clock, noon, each day specified. The Treasury may, at its option, accept offers of bonds or bids for gold in excess of the amount advertised for.
Printed forms for proposals, with regulations to be observed, will be furnished at this office.
THOMAS HILLHOUSE, Assistant Treasurer U. S.
The regulations and form of proposals referred to in the notice are as follows:
Purchase of bonds.
Proposals must be for not less than five thousand dollars, and must state the kind of bonds offered, whether coupon. or registered, and of what loan and issue.
Proposals must specify the price desired, in currency, for the principal of the bonds only, without regard to the accrued coin interest which will be paid on purchased bonds to the date of purchase.
The payment will be in United States or national bank notes, as the convenience and condition of the Treasury may warrant.
The interest on the purchased bonds will cease from the date of purchase.
Bonds purchased must be delivered, in all cases, the day following the award. In case of failure to deliver the bonds within the time specified, they will be purchased in the open market for account of the sellers.
Bonds will be received at this office and paid for, subject to examination by the Department at Washington, and if rejected the sellers will be required to substitute other acceptable bonds.
Bonds rejected by the Department as counterfeit, or for fraudulent alterations or transfers, of whatever nature, will be retained, without prejudice to the right of the Department to require the substitution therefor, by the seller, of other acceptable bonds.
Proposals must be plain, specific, and free from any erasures or alterations likely to lead to misunderstanding. Proposals adverse to the interest of the Government will be rejected.
Each proposal must contain a certified check for five per cent. of the amount offered. When proposals are rejected, the checks will be returned as soon as the awards are determined upon. If proposals are accepted, the checks will be returned on completion of the delivery of the bonds.
In all proposals for the sale of bonds, it must be distinctly stated that they are made subject to the foregoing regulations and conditions.