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action affections appears approbation attempt authority benevolence Bentham Book called chapter character circumstances condition conduct conscience consequences consideration considered consists constitution course covers Crown 8vo determine direct distinction duty elements English Ethics existence expression external Extra fcap fact feelings give given Greek happiness higher Hobbes human nature ideas importance individual influence instance intelligent interest Introduction Introduction and Notes least Legislation less M.A. Extra fcap mankind means method mind moral moral sense moralist motives necessary Notes object obligation observation original ourselves Oxford pain passages persons Philosophy pleasures practical present principles published question reason regard relations religion remark respect Revised rules Schools Second Edition Selections sentiments social society speaking speculations Text theory things tion Translated Treatise true University various virtue W. W. Skeat whole writers wrong
Page 100 - By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question: or, what is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose that happiness.
Page 53 - ... you cannot form a notion of this faculty, conscience, without taking in judgment, direction, superintendency. This is a constituent part of the idea, that is, of the faculty itself: and, to preside and govern, from the very economy and constitution of man, belongs to it. Had it strength, as it has right; had it power, as it had manifest authority; it would absolutely govern the world.
Page 26 - And consequently it is a precept, or general rule of reason, " that every man ought to endeavour peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it ; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek and use all helps and advantages of war.
Page 27 - From this fundamental law of nature, by which men are commanded to endeavour peace, is derived this second law: that a man be willing, when others are so too, as far forth as for peace and defence of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down this right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men as he would allow other men against himself.
Page 58 - I am apt to suspect, they may, the one as well as the other, be solid and satisfactory, and that reason and sentiment concur in almost all moral determinations and conclusions.
Page 25 - For, as to the strength of body, the weakest has strength enough to kill the strongest, either by secret machination or by confederacy with others that are in the same danger with himself.
Page 31 - Sudden glory' is the passion which maketh those 'grimaces' called 'laughter'; and is caused either by some sudden act of their own that pleaseth them, or by the apprehension of some deformed thing in another by comparison whereof they suddenly applaud themselves.
Page 26 - It is consequent also to the same condition, that there be no propriety, no dominion, no mine and thine distinct; but only that to be every man's, that he can get: and for so long, as he can keep it. And thus much for the ill condition, which man by mere nature is actually placed in; though with a possibility to come out of it, consisting partly in the passions, partly in his reason.
Page 122 - This constitutes the fecundity of the first pleasure and the impurity of the first pain. 4 Of the value of each pain which appears to be produced by it after the first. This constitutes the fecundity of the first pain, and the impurity of the first pleasure. 5 Sum up all the values of all the pleasures on the one side...