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thanks for his Book, as I do with all Acknowledgement and Humility for that you have sent me. I shall now studie it even to the getting of it by Heart: esteeming it according to my poor Judgement (which yet I wish it were so right in all Things else) as the most compendious Scale, for so much, to the Height of the Roman eloquence. When I consider how equally it turnes and rises with so many figures, it seems to me a Trajans columne in whose winding ascent we see imboss'd the severall Monuments of your learned victoryes. And Salmatius and Morus make up as great a Triumph as That of Decebalus, whom too for ought I know you shall have forced as Trajan the other, to make 10 themselves away out of a just Desperation. I have an affectionate Curiosity to know what becomes of Colonell Overtons businesse. And am exceeding glad to thinke that Mr Skyner is got near you, the Happinesse which I at the same Time congratulate to him and envie. There being none who doth if I may so say more zealously honour you then

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Andre Mervill to Lo: Jan: 11 1657.

The last weeke Mr Secretary commanded mee to give your Ex:ce expectation of an answere to yr former letters by this poste, but my Ld Faulconbridge did undertake to doe it, now I am againe ordered by him to begg y excuse, hee being neither yett soe well confirmed that hee dare venture into businesse, hee hath received yours of the and as soone as hee shall bee in a Condition (though God bee praysed hee is in a Condition neerer to health then sicknesse) hee promiseth at once to answere those wch lye by him, I begg leave to Continue


Pray what say our 86 men of the businesse & of me?
Your most obligd affectionate cosin

Whitehall. Jan. 15. 1658.



Andr: Marvell.


For the Honourable George Downing, Esquire, Resident for his Highnesse with the States of the United Provinces.


Mr Secretary being something tired with Parliament and other businesse hath commanded me to giue you some account of what hath passed in the house this weeke. Upon Munday the Bill for recognition of his Highnesse was red the second time. Thereupon the House entered into that debate And all hath been said against it which could 10 be by Sr Arthur Haslerig, Sir Henry Vane, Mr Weauer, Mr Scott, Mr St Nicholas, Mr Reinolds, Sr Antony Ashly Cooper, Major Packer, Mr Henry Neville, the lord Lambert, and many more. Their Doctrine hath moved most upon their Maxime that all pow'r is in the people That it is reuerted into this house by the death of his Highnesse, that Mr Speaker is Protector in possession and it will not be his wisdome to part with it easily, that this house is all England. Yet they pretend that they are for a single person and this single person but without negatiue voice without militia not upon the petition and advice but by adoption and donation of this House and that all the rights of the 20 people should be specifyd and indorsed upon that Donation. But we know well enough what they mean. A Petition from some thousands in the City to their purpose hath been brought in (& they say they are trying to promote another in the Army) but laid by to be red at the end of this debate in which nothing is to intervene. They haue held us to it all this weeke and yet litle nearer. It was propounded on our side seeing the whole bill stuck so, that before the Commitment of it it should be voted in the house as part of it that his Highn3 is Protector &c: and not to passe but with the whole bill But all we could gaine hitherto is that their shall be a previous vote before the Commit30 ment but yt that should be it is yet as farre of as euer For they speak eternally to the question, to the orders of the house, and in all the tricks of Parliament. They haue much the odds in speaking but it is to be hoped that our justice our affection and our number which is at least two thirds will weare them out at the long runne. This is all that I can tell you at present but that I am

Sir, Your most humble Servt
Andrew Marvell.

Whitehall Febr: 11.


For George Downing Esquire Resident for his High-
nesse with the States Generall of the United
At the Hague.


[n. d.] 1

Mr Secretary hath now late at night commanded me to let you know that he hath receiued yours of the 18th our Stile, and this morning your expresse by the Fregate. But that this Post an answer can not be returned unto those matters, there will be speedily by an expresse which may perhaps arriue as soon as the Post. This week the long debate of the Scotch members sitting hath been concluded for 10 them. The next day that of the Irish And the House was so weary and satisfyd of the former that these passed the same forenoon that proposed. The next day Packer was dismissd hauing been elected illegally at Hartford. Yesterday Sir Hierom Zanchy brought in an high charge of bribery breach of trust & perverting the debts of the soldiery against Dr Petty who is sent for to Irland to answer within a moneth. To day a Petition was read from one Thomas an Agent heretofore of C: Steward alledging that he had bin imprisond by Mr Secretaryes order & sent to Barbados. From persons of the same stamp against Sr J: Copleston, C: Hatsell, Mr Noell That first held 20 all the forenoon We stroue to throw it out but could not get ouer so adjournd indefinitely. To morrow therefore perhaps that, perhaps the transaction with the other house comes on. Let my hast excuse Sir Your humble Servant


Andrew Marvell.

For our honourd friends the Commissioners of the Militia for the town & County of Kingston upon Hull.


We have received yours of the 25, and would not misse answering 30 you this same post though it be the day of the King's arrivall. The Councell of State was broke up and acted no more before the receit of yours, so that nothing at all could be done thereupon concerning Mr. Bloom and Mr. Hall. And truly, Gentlemen, if we may presume to advise you, seeing it falls out so, be pleased to interpose yet while it is time, your discretions for the composing of a businesse which it 1 March 25, 1659.


will be difficult for us to handle so dextrously, but that some reflexion may fall here upon your own judgments and upon the Town. But we shall decline nothing nor think any thing better than that which you shall resolve on, and if you please after some few days to write about it to his Majesty's Privy Councell, and for the approbation of Mr. Maior to be one of your number, we will serve you therein. Onely we must beg of you that in whatsoever you shall use us, you will acquaint us also with matter of fact distinctly and perfectly. For else your business can not be well done.

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I could easily frame an apology for not writing to your Lordship the last weeke, did I not thinke that so insignificant letters as mine, the seldomer and later they came, were the more excusable. So that 20 my greater difficulty hath bin to resolve now to molest your Lordship, hauing not yet anything mature enough in the businesse we used to discourse of, which might be worthy your notice. But, by the Terme, I doubt not at all of, approving at least mine industry, if not my good fortune, to your Lordship in those affaires. And in the mean time, I beseech you to take it for granted, as a Principle of your Lordships favour to me, that I perfectly honour and therefore desire faithfully to serve you. I haue herewith sent your Lordship something of others, having nothing of mine own to deserve your acceptance. The one is an Oration or Sermon of Mr Stillingfleets. The other is a Poem, writ 30 (but that is a piece of a secret) by Mr Ford the Minister that was of Northampton, of Exeter &c : The Latin, in this last, (if I may presume to censure in your Lordships presence) hath severall excellent heights, but the English translation is not so good; and both of them strain for wit and conceit more then becomes the gravity of the author or the sadnesse of the subject. Mr Stillingfleet is more in his element, and so polish't as indeed suited with the delicacy of his auditory rather then the notoriousnesse of the Evill. For certainly the impiety of men is growne so ranke in this kind and all others, that if Ministers instead of preaching and arguing could thunder and lighten, it were all but

too litle. However his Majesty hath testifyd his care and Sense abundantly herein, in commanding it to be printed. And I wish, for the reputation of this holy time of Lent, that the rest of the Sermons lately preacht at Court were also made publick. My Lord, I belieue you haue lesse curiosity to hear news then I inclination to tell it. But it is grown as constant an ingredient of a London letter as the Picture ( is of the Almanack. Therefore, Mrs Stuart notwithstanding her resolution against wedding in Lent hath sufferd her selfe to be marryd last Sunday to the Duke of Richmond. The Generall is returnd again to Town, which discredits that report of his having retired from Court 10 upon discontent. We speake still of the Treaty and prepare against an Invasion. The Chain, at Chatham, removed lower, the Duke of Yorks regiment marcht to the Sea-Side, Seuerall forts erecting or Strengthning upon the Coast, Burlington one. Safe-conduct is come from France but not yet from Holland for our Embassadors, so that the time of their going yet uncertain. The Dutch are in great preparation for warre. Their twelue new great shipps ready onely want mounting their Canon. Their fleet, they say, consist of 120 men of warre whereof 80 great. So that upon the Change, our Merchants are but in ill heart and hope very litle of peace. The Duke of Buckingham 20 hath many friends at Court that boldly own & defend his interest in so much that men say the king belieues better of him then formerly. The king leaues the execution of the Act of Irish Cattell to take its fortune at law, upon the late invention of bringing them ouer cheaper then before that Act past. The raising of more Land-forces here is again freshly discourst of as necessary. I see they are staking out the City euery day but can observe litle hast of building. Somebody told me yesterday that a merry or a simple fellow was looking on, and misliking somewhat in their laying out of the streets, said Poh, if they do it no better then thus, the City had as good never haue bin burn't. 30 My Lord, these litle rumors make up too much of our interteinment here but that I should intrude upon your Lordships better time & sereous employments with such impertinencyes, seems to me now I haue writ, almost impardonable. Nor should I haue the heart at last to send this Letter forward, but for this one line in it, that I beg leaue to remaine

My Lord,
Your Lordships

most obedient & most humble

London Aprill 2d 1667.

Servant Andrew Marvell


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