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Honoured Sir,


To Sir John Trott.

I have not that vanity to believe, if you weigh your late Loss by the common ballance, that any thing I can write to you should lighten your resentments: nor if you measure things by the rule of Christianity, do I think it needful to comfort you in your own duty and your Sons happiness. Only having a great esteem and affection for you, and the grateful memory of him that is departed being still green and fresh upon my Spirit, I cannot forbear to inquire how you have stood the ΙΟ second shock at your sad meeting of Friends in the Country. I know that the very sight of those who have been witnesses of our better Fortune, doth but serve to reinforce a Calamity. I know the contagion of grief, and infection of Tears, and especially when it runs in a blood. And I my self could sooner imitate then blame those innocent relentings of Nature, so that they spring from tenderness only and humanity, not from an implacable sorrow. The Tears of a family may flow together like those little drops that compact the Rainbow, and if they be plac'd with the same advantage towards Heaven as those are to the Sun, they too have their splendor and like that bow while they 20 unbend into seasonable showers, yet they promise that there shall not be a second flood. But the dissoluteness of grief, the prodigality of sorrow is neither to be indulg'd in a mans self, nor comply'd with in others. If that were allowable in these cases, Eli's was the readiest way and highest complement of mourning, who fell back from his í seat and broke his neck. But neither does that precedent hold. For though he had been Chancellor, and in effect King of Israel, for so many years; and such men value as themselves so their losses at an higher rate then others; yet when he heard that Israel was overcome, that his two Sons Hophni and Phineas were slain in one day, and saw 30 himself so without hope of Issue, and which imbittered it further without succession to the Government, yet he fell not till the News ! that the Ark of God was taken. I pray God that we may never have the same paralel perfected in our publick concernments. Then we shall need all the strength of Grace and Nature to support us. But upon a private loss, and sweetned with so many circumstances as yours, to be impatient, to be uncomfortable, would be to dispute. with God and beg the question. Though in respect of an only gourd an only Son be inestimable, yet in comparison to God man bears a thousand times less proportion: so that it is like Jonah's sin to be

angry at God for the withering of his Shadow. Zipporah, though the delay had almost cost her husband his life, yet when he did but circumcise her Son, in a womanish pevishness reproacht Moses as a bloody husband. But if God take the Son himself, but spare the Father, shall we say that he is a bloody God. He that gave his own Son, may he not take ours? 'Tis pride that makes a Rebel. And nothing but the over-weening of our selves and our own things that raises us against divine Providence. Whereas Abraham's obedience was better then Sacrifice. And if God please to accept both, it is indeed a farther Tryal, but a greater honour. I could say over upon 10 this beaten occasion most of those lessons of morality and religion that have been so often repeated and are as soon forgotten. We' abound with precept, but we want examples. You, Sir, that have all these things in your memory, and the clearness of whose Judgment is not to be obscured by any greater interposition, it remains that you be exemplary to others in your own practice. 'Tis true, it is an hard task to learn and teach at the same time. And, where your self are the experiment, it is as if a man should dissect his own body and read the Anatomy Lecture. But I will not heighten the difficulty while I advise the attempt. Only, as in difficult things, you will do well to 20 make use of all that may strengthen and assist you. The word of God: The society of good men and the books of the Ancients. There is one way more, which is by diversion, business, and activity; which are also necessary to be used in their season. But I my self, who live to so little purpose, can have little authority or ability to advise you in it, who are a Person that are and may be much more so generally useful. All that I have been able to do since, hath been to write this sorry Elogie of your Son, which if it be 1 as good as I could wish, it is as yet no undecent imployment. However I know you will take any thing kindly from your very affectionate friend and most humble 30 Servant.

Dear Cousin,


[To William Popple.]

I have writ twice to you at Bourdeaux. I received one from you of the first of March. To satisfy your Curiosity of our Affairs, the Lord Lauderdale, the King's Commissioner for the Parliament of Scotland, returned hither some few Days before our sitting down the fourteenth of February. He had passed there, through the Weakness of the Presbyterian and Episcopal Parties, an Act, giving the King absolute Power to dispose of all Things in religious Matters; and 40 1 sic: 'not' may have dropped out.


another Act for settling a Militia of twenty thousand Foot, and Horse proportionable, to march into England, Ireland, or any Part of the King's Dominions, whenever his Person, Power, Authority, or Greatness was concerned; and a third, impowering his Majesty to name Commissioners of Scotland, to treat, with other of England, on the Union of the two Nations: for which Service he was received, with extraordinary Favour, by the King, and introduced into the Cabinet Council, and is ripe for farther Honours at a due Season. By other Parties these Affairs were discoursed of according to their several 10 Interests; and many talked that he deserved an Halter, rather than a Garter, and were meditating how, he not being an English Peer, they might impeach him in Parliament. Now for the Affairs of Ireland. About the same Time the King had resolved to recal the Lord Roberts back, his Friends were representing him daily to his Majesty on all Occasions, in the worst Character; and he himself, tired out with continual Checks and Countermands hence, in Matters which he thought were agreed to him before he went, wrote a short Letter to the King, desiring to be dismissed from all Employment whatever, I which should be his last Request. The King took him at his Word, and ordered the Lord Barclay, a Man unthought of, to go Lord Lieutenant, which he does as soon as we rise, and then the other returns to tell his Tale here, and to retire into the Country, and will, as is thought, relinquish the Privy Seal. You know that we having voted the King, before Christmas, four hundred thousand Pounds, and no more; and enquiring severely into ill Management, and being ready to adjourn ourselves till February, his Majesty, fortified by some Undertakers of the meanest of our House, threw up all as Nothing, and prorogued us from the first of December till the fourteenth of February. All that Interval there was great and numerous Caballing among the 30 Courtiers. The King also all the while examined at Council the Reports from the Commissioners of Accounts, where they were continually discountenanced, and treated rather as Offenders than Judges. In this Posture we met, and the King, being exceedingly necessitous for Money, spoke to us Stylo minaci & imperatorio; and told us the Inconveniences which would fall on the Nation by want of a Supply, should not ly at his Door; that we must not revive any Discord betwixt the Lords and Us; that he himself had examined the Accounts, and found every Penny to have been employed in the War; and he recommended the Scotch Union. The Garroway Party appeared with the usual Vigour, but the Country Gentlemen appeared not in their true Number the first Day: so, for want of seven Voices, the first (Blow was against them. When we began to talk of the Lords, the


King sent for us alone, and recommended a Rasure of all Proceedings. The same Thing you know that we proposed at first. We presently ordered it, and went to tell him so the same Day, and to thank him. At coming down, (a pretty ridiculous Thing!) Sir Thomas Clifford carryed Speaker, and Mace, and all Members there, into the King's Cellar, to drink his Health. The King sent to the Lords more peremptoryly, and they, with much Grumbling, agreed to the Rasure. When the Commissioners of Accounts came before us, sometimes we heard them pro Formâ, but all falls to Dirt. The terrible Bill against Conventicles is sent up to the Lords; and we and the Lords, as to the 10 Scotch Busyness, have desired the King to name English Commissioners to treat, but Nothing they do to be valid, but on a Report to Parliament, and an Act to confirm. We are now, as we think, within a Week of rising. They are making mighty Alterations in the Conventicle Bill, (which, as we sent up, is the Quintessence of arbitrary Malice,) and sit whole Days, and yet proceed but by Inches, and will, at the End, probably, affix a Scotch Clause of the King's Power in Externals. So the Fate of the Bill is uncertain, but must probably pass, being the Price of Money. The King told some eminent Citizens, who applyed to him against it, that they must address themselves to the Houses, 20 that he must not disoblige his Friends; and if it had been in the Power of their Friends, he had gone without Money. There is a Bill in the Lords to encourage People to buy all the King's fee-farm Rents; so he is resolved once more to have Money enough in his Pocket, and live on the Common for the future. The great Bill begun in the Lords, and which makes more ado than ever any Act in this Parliament did, is for enabling Lord Ros, long since divorced in the Spiritual Court, and his Children declared illigitimate by Act of Parliament, to marry again. Anglesy and Ashly, who study and know their Interests as well as any Gentlemen at Court, and whose Sons have marryed two 30 Sisters of Ros, Inheritrixes if he has no issue, yet they also drive on the Bill with their greatest Vigour. The King is for the Bill: the Duke of York, and all the Papist Lords, and all the Bishops, except Cosins, Reynolds, and Wilkins, are against it. They sat all Thursday last, without once rising, till almost Ten at Night, in most solemn and memorable Debate, whether it should be read the second Time, or thrown out. At last, at the Question, there were forty two Persons and six Proxys against it, and forty one Persons and fifteen Proxys for it. If it had not gone for it, the Lord Arlington had a Power in his Pocket from the King to have nulled the Proxys, if it had been to the 40 Purpose. It was read the second Time Yesterday, and, on a long Debate whether it should be commited, it went for the Bill by twelve

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Odds, in Persons and Proxys. The Duke of York, the Bishops, and the rest of the Party, have entered their Protests, on the first Day's Debate, against it. Is not this fine Work? This Bill must come down to us. It is my Opinion that Lauderdale at one Ear talks to the King of Monmouth, and Buckingham at the other of a new Queen. It is also my Opinion that the King was never since his coming in, nay, all Things considered, no King since the Conquest, so absolutely powerful at Home, as he is at present. Nor any Parliament, or Places, so certainly and constantly supplyed with Men of the same Temper. In Io such a Conjuncture, dear Will, what Probability is there of my doing any Thing to the Purpose? The King would needs take the Duke of Albemarle out of his Son's Hand, to bury him at his own Charges. It is almost three Months, and he yet lys in the Dark unburyed, and no Talk of him. He left twelve thousand Pounds a Year, and near two hundred thousand Pounds in Money. His Wife dyed some twenty Days after him; she layed in State, and was buryed, at her Son's Expence, in Queen Elizabeth's Chapel, And now,

Disce, puer, Virtutem ex me verumque Laborem,

Fortunam ex aliis.

20 March 21. 1670.

Dearest Will,


[To William Popple.]

I wrote to you two Letters, and payed for them from the Posthouse here at Westminster; to which I have had no Answer. Perhaps they miscarryed. I sent you an Answer to the only Letter I received from Bourdeaux, and having put it into Mr. Nelthorp's Hand, I doubt not but it came to your. To proceed. The same Day my Letter bore Date there was an extraordinary Thing done. The King, about ten a Clock, took Boat, with Lauderdale only, and two ordinary Attendants, 30 and rowed awhile as towards the Bridge, but soon turned back to the Parliament Stairs, and so went up into the House of Lords, and took his Seat. Almost all of them were amazed, but all seemed so; and the Duke of York especially was very much surprized. Being sat, he told them it was a Privilege he claimed from his Ancestors to be present at their Deliberations. That, therefore, they should not, for his coming, interrupt their Debates, but proceed, and be covered. They did so. It is true that this has been done long ago, but it is now so old, that it is new, and so disused that at any other, but so bewitched a Time, as this, it would have been looked on as an high Usurpation, 40 and Breach of Privilege. He indeed sat still, for the most Part, and

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