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interposed very little; sometimes a Word or two. But the most discerning Opinion was, that he did herein as he rowed, for having had his Face first to the Conventicle Bill, he turned short to the Lord Ross's. So that, indeed, it is credible, the King, in Prospect of diminishing the Duke of York's Influence in the Lords' House, in this, or any future Matter, resolved, and wisely enough at present, to weigh up and lighten the Duke's Efficacy, by coming himself in Person. After three or four Days' Continuance, the Lords were very well used to the King's Presence, and sent the Lord Steward, and Lord Chamberlain, to Him, when they might wait, as an House on Him, to render their humble Thanks for the Honour he did them. The Hour was appointed them, and they thanked Him, and he took it well. So this Matter, of such Importance on all great Occasions, seems riveted to them, and Us, for the future, and to all Posterity. Now the Lord Ross's Bill came in Order to another Debate, and the King present. Nevertheless the Debate lasted an entire Day; and it passed by very few Voices. The King has ever since continued his Session among them, and says it is better than going to a Play. In this Session the Lords sent down to Us a Proviso for the King, that would have restored Him to all civil or eclesiastical Prerogatives which his Ancestors had enjoyed at any 20 Time since the Conquest. There was never so compendious a Piece of absolute universal Tyranny. But the Commons made them ashamed of it, and retrenched it. The Parliament was never so embarassed, beyond Recovery. We are all venal Cowards, except some few. What Plots of State will go on this Interval I know not. There is a new Set of Justices of Peace framing through the whole Kingdom. The governing Cabal, since Ross's Busyness, are Buckingham, Lauderdale, Ashly, Orery, and Trevor. Not but the other Cabal too have seemingly sometimes their Turn. Madame, our King's Sister, during the King of France's Progress in Flanders, is to come as far as Canterbury. 30 There will doubtless be Family Counsels then. Some talk of a French Queen to be then invented for our King. Some talk of a Sister of Denmark; others of a good virtuous Protestant here at Home. The King disavows it; yet he has sayed in Publick, he knew not why a Woman might not be divorced for Barrenness, as a Man for Impotency. The Lord Barclay went on Monday last for Ireland, the King to Newmarket. God keep, and increase, you, in all Things.

April. 14. 1670.

Yours, &c.


Dear Will,


[To William Popple.]

I need not tell you I am always thinking of you. All that has happened, which is remarkable, since I wrote, is as follows. The Lieutenancy of London, chiefly Sterlin, the Mayor, and Sir J. Robinson, alarmed the King continually with the Conventicles there. So the King sent them strict and large Powers. The Duke of York every Sunday would come over thence to look to the Peace. To say Truth, they met in numerous open Assemblys, without any Dread of Govern10 ment. But the Train Bands in the City, and Soldiery in Southwark and Suburbs, harrassed and abused them continually; they wounded many, and killed some Quakers, especially while they took all patiently. Hence arose two Things of great Remark. The Lieutenancy, having got Orders to their Mind, pick out Hays and Jekill, the innocentest of the whole Party, to shew their Power on. They offer them illegal Bonds of five thousand Pounds a Man, which if they would not enter into, they must go to Prison. So they were commited, and at last (but it is a very long Story,) got free. Some Friends engaged for them. The other was the Tryal of Pen and Mead, Quakers, at the old Baily. 20 The Jury not finding them guilty, as the Recorder and Mayor would

have had them, they were kept without Meat or Drink some three Days, till almost starved, but would not alter their Verdict; so fined and imprisoned. There is a Book out which relates all the Passages, which were very pertinent, of the Prisoners, but prodigiously barbarous by the Mayor and Recorder. The Recorder, among the rest, commended the Spanish Inquisition, saying it would never be well till we had something like it. The King had Occasion for sixty thousand Pounds. Sent to borrow it of the City. Sterlin, Robinson, and all the rest of that Faction, were at it many a Week, and could not get above 30 ten thousand. The Fanatics, under Persecution, served his Majesty. The other Party, both in Court and City, would have prevented it. But the King protested Mony would be acceptable. So the City patched up, out of the Chamber, and other Ways, twenty thousand Pounds. The Fanatics, of all Sorts, forty thousand. The King, though against many of his Council, would have the Parliament sit this twenty fourth of October. He, and the Keeper, spoke of Nothing but to have Mony. Some one Million three hundred thousand Pounds, to pay off the Debts at Interest; and eight hundred thousand Pounds, for a brave Navy next Spring. Both Speeches forbid to be printed, for 40 the King said very little, and the Keeper, it was thought, too much in his

politic simple Discourse of foreign Affairs. The House was thin and obsequious. They voted at first they would supply Him, according to his Occasions, Nemine, as it was remarked, contradicente; but few Affirmatives, rather a Silence as of Men ashamed and unwilling. Sir R. Howard, Seymor, Temple, Car, and Hollis, openly took Leave of their former Party, and fell to head the King's Busyness. There is like to be a terrible Act of Conventicles. The Prince of Orange here is much made of. The King owes Him a great Deal of Mony. The Paper is full.

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I would not haue faild so much either in kindnesse or civility as to haue mist answering yours of the former Post but that I transferd that debt upon a more responsible man your Cosin Ned & was my selfe tired out with sitting daily till nine a clock, most part, at night upon the Committee of 4 per tun at the Custome house. But now I will not lose the opportunity & thanks of giuing you double 20 good news. For as to the first matter concerning your brother Sr Henry there hath bin no Committee of inspection in that nature you imagind. All that concernd him was casually in discourse or some accounts where he was unnecessarily named at the Committee about the 4. Fairfax named him at the Committee upon occasion of the out-districts not hauing giuen in their accounts and that he refused to sweare concerning a considerable quantity of wines charged upon him. And Wadlow mentioning 2000li & upwards in Mr Listers hands nam'd Sr Henry as participem criminis upon which I rebuked them & said that it was false whatsoeuer was said concerning either his 30 partnership or combining with Lister: after wch Wadlow who understands well enough his matters was very well aware to touch no more upon that point. Onely Sr John Knight our Chairman a talkatiue wine merchant of Bristow once more at the Committee dropt Sr Henrys name again together with Listers whereupon I took him up & told him the Committee had neither any thing to do with mens names but onely to state the account whether the 310000li were levyd & returne their opinions to the house and however that concerning Sr Henry with Lister was an invention of Wadlows & wch he would not stand to if questioned. What I observ'd in the severall accounts 40

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I brought to us was that in the Comrs of accounts papers Sr Henry is not at all named. In an account of Fairfax and Foxes is: From Oct: 69 to 24th June 1670 the Tomsons wines. Sr Henry & Steven Tomson French wine 103T 1. payd by bond 25. rest 77. Steven Tomson. 2. rest 2.-More 78. rest 78 Robert Watson. 49. rest 49. These were all put in one title the Tomsons wines. In another account of Coopers To ready mony to wines resting the 24th of June 1670. Hull 453li. York 4li. This seemd somthing strange but operated no further. As for Mr Strickland he never was at the Com10 mittee once all the times it sate : & he good man had a more particular concernment for himselfe to excuse 2000li wch he for his part was named, among other our members for greater summs, debtor to the King for publick mony. That doubtlesse being upon another occasion & referd to another Committee you must ere this haue heard of. But as to our Committee, yesternight we voted our report & opinion that the 310000li with interest was all payd securd or recoverable by wines already imported. And this morning 'twas so reported to the house Whereupon the house resolued after a small debate & all tending the right way, that his Majesty be desired to take of the imposition 20 of 4li per tun & that the members of the privy Counsell wch are of the house present this desire to his Mty. You may undoubtedly reckon of this desire as granted. Thus farre I hope I haue giuen you satisfaction. Now as to publicker matters. This day the Committee of the whole house reported to the house about the about 800000li ready mony & the house agreed. That every 100li in mony pay 10s. That every 10oli in the Bankiers hand pay 15s. That all mony lent to the King or transferd upon this Act shall not at all be taxed. That the King shall giue 7li per Cent for interest for such mony. That stock for trade pay 6s per cent. Stock on land and houshold stuffe not to be taxed. All offices & profitable places to pay 2s the pound. Upon all land at the present improved value one shilling per pound. Deduction to be made for debts annuitys rent charges rents reserved fee farms &c: Commissioners to be named by his Majesty. Those, Assessors, witnesses to be all upon Oath. & Accordingly a bill orderd. So there are foure bills in all None of 'm yet come on. Additionall Beere. Forain Excise. Proceedings at Law. Wch three three 1 the house has valued at 400000li per Añ & I belieue will giue 'm for 6 years And this 8000ooli in one year at four quarterly payments the first quarter to end midsomer next. Yours A M



Dear Will,


[To William Popple.]1

The Parliament are still proceeding, but not much advanced on their eight hundred thousand Pounds Bill on Money at Interest, Offices and Lands; and the Excise Bills valued at four hundred thousand Pounds a Year. The first for the Navy, which scarce will be set out. The last to be for paying one Million three hundred thousand Pounds, which the King owes at Interest, and perhaps may be given for four, five, or six Years, as the House chances to be in Humour. But an Accident happened which liked to have spoiled all. Sir John Coventry 10 having moved for an Imposition on the Playhouses, Sir John Berkenhead, to excuse them, sayed they had been of great Service to the King. Upon which Sir John Coventry desired that Gentleman to explain, whether he meant the Men or Women Players. Hereupon it is imagined, that, the House adjourning from Tuesday before till Thursday after Christmas Day, on the very Tuesday Night of the Adjournment twenty five of the Duke of Monmouth's Troop, and some few Foot, layed in Wait from ten at Night till two in the Morning, by Suffolk-\ Street, and as he returned from the Cock, where he supped, to his own House, they threw him down, and with a Knife cut off almost all the 20 End of his Nose; but Company coming made them fearful to finish it, so they marched off. Sir Thomas Sands, Lieutenant of the Troop, commanded the Party; and Obrian, the Earl of Inchequin's Son, was a principal Actor. The Court hereupon sometimes thought to carry it with an high Hand, and question Sir John for his Words, and maintain. the Action. Sometimes they flagged in their Counsels. However the King commanded Sir Thomas Clarges, and Sir W. Pultney, to release Wroth and Lake, who were two of the Actors, and taken. But the Night before the House met they surrendered him again. The House being but sullen the next Day, the Court did not oppose adjourn- 30 ing for some Days longer till it was filled. Then the House went upon Coventry's Busyness, and voted that they would go upon Nothing else whatever till they had passed a Bill, as they did, for Sands, Obrian, Parry, and Reeves, to come in by the sixteenth of February, or else be condemned, and never to be pardoned, but by an express Act of Parliament, and their Names therein inserted, for Fear of being pardoned in some general Act of Grace. Farther, all such Actions, for the future, on any Man, Felony, without Clergy; and who shall otherwise strike or wound any Parliamentman, during his Attendance, or going or coming, Imprisonment for a Year, treble Damages, and 40 1 About January 24, 1679.


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