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THESE 294 letters are preserved at the Guildhall, Hull, with the following exceptions:

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Thompson first printed 256 of these letters, Grosart adding 35 and the present editor 3 (nos. 8, 92, 165). The letters were all addressed either to the Mayor or (much more often) to the Mayor and Aldermen. They were mostly official news letters from the House of Commons. I have only printed the full address for the first letter of each mayoralty, which began in October.

The following list of Mayors will incidentally mark the gaps in Marvell's extant correspondence:

1659-60. William Ramsden.

1660-1. Christopher Richardson 1661-2. George Crowle

1662-3. Richard Wilson 1663-4. Richard Robinson 1664-5. William Skinner 1665-6. Robert Bloome 1666-7. Richard Franke

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1673-4. John Rogers 1674-5. Daniel Hoare 1675-6. William Shires

1676-7. William Foxley

1677-8. Henry Maister

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PAGE 1. Letter 1. Mr Ramsden: John Ramsden was Marvell's partner' in the parliamentary representation of Hull in Richard Cromwell's and the Convention parliaments.

PAGE 2, 1. 10. For I can not but remember &c.: one of the rare autobiographical touches in this group of letters.

PAGE 8. Letter 7. cutting of Hull from Hezle: Trinity Church, Hull, in spite of its size and importance, had only the status of 1 For identification of office-holders and for full names of most persons see Index of Persons at the end of this volume.

chapel-of-ease to Hessle Church. The vicar of Hessle was ipso facto vicar of Trinity Church (the ' High Church '), Hull. But the Lecturer or Preacher of God's Word' or 'Town's Preacher' appointed by the Corporation had preached in Trinity Church, not without occasional friction with the vicar. Marvell's father was Lecturer from 1624 to 1641.

The Act separating Hull from Hessle was passed in 1661.

PAGE 9, 1. 27. Mr Stiles: William Styles succeeded Marvell senior as Lecturer in 1641. He became vicar of Hessle in 1642, lost the living under the Commonwealth and was now anxious to return. Hibberd was at the moment in possession at Hull and Wilson at Hessle. PAGE 9. Letter 8. Grosart did not print this letter as it is in Ramsden's hand, except for the address, the date and place, the words and Servants in the subscription and, of course, Marvell's signature. I have printed in italics the words in Marvell's hand. It throws a good deal of light on Hildyard's business, which is mentioned in other letters.

The Manor House, a large mansion within the walls of Hull, had been rented by Charles I from its owner Henry Hildyard and turned into a fort. In 1648 Parliament granted it to the town and now Hildyard hoped to get it back. The Hull Bench Books record (Oct. 21, 1661) that it was restored to him on payment of £300. PAGE 19. Letter 16. Auncety or Ainsty or Ancitty, the district adjoining York and under its jurisdiction.

PAGE 21. Letter 19. William Popple was Marvell's nephew, son of Edmund Popple and Mary Marvell, who were married at the Charterhouse on August 18, 1636 (Holy Trinity Parish Register). He was born February 4, 1637 (British Museum Add. MS. 8888 contains an autograph poem Upon my Birth Day and also An Epitaph intended for my Uncle Marvell), and was therefore just twenty-three at this time. He is the Dear Will' of several of Marvell's private letters. He was the author of A Rational Catechism (1687). His grandson was William Popple the dramatist. See D.N.B. for both. PAGE 22. Letter 20. you haue again . . . made choice of me: Marvell was elected to the Cavalier parliament on April 1, 1661, his partner' this time being Colonel Anthony Gilby. The following is the Bench Book entry of that date:

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This day beeing the first county day after the comeing of his Matles writt for the election of two Burgesses of this Corporation to serve in the next Pliament and at a meeteing in the Common hall after the Sheriffe had read his Matles writt Anthony Gilby Esq John Ramsden Esq' Edward Barnard Esq & Andrew Marvell Esq were cried up by the Burgesses present; whereof the two gentlemen that shall have the most voyces are to serve as Burgesses and because upon the Cry it could not be discovered who had the most voyces therefore it was putt to the Poll and Coll Anthony Gilby had two hundred ninty fower voyces Mr Andrew Marvell had two hundred forty voyces Mr John Ramsden had one hundred & twenty two voyces Mr Edward Barnard had one hundred ninety five voyces, soe Coll Gilby & Mr Marvell were declared by the Sheriffe to be the two Burgesses to serve in the next Pliament and the Sheriffe caused Indentures thereof to be sealed betweene him and the Electors.' PAGE 25. Letter 24. This letter is in Marvell's hand and is franked by him, but has only Gilby's signature. Marvell's may, however, have been cut away.

PAGE 26. Letter 26. One of Gilby's letters in the Hull archives,

undated but addressed to Mayor Richardson, seems to refer to the disagreement between him and Marvell :

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Mr Marvell (havinge refused to joyne with me in it) hath thought fit to write to those dissentinge persons that made the Certificate I sent you to desire them to retract that Certificate by expressing their consents with you, (as he sayth) now truely of my selfe I cannot easily doe this because there is not one person in the List that I have any knowledge of.'

PAGE 36. Letter 34. St. Jones: St. John's, probably St. John's Street, Clerkenwell. Cf. Defoe, Moll Flanders, 'I... took a private lodging in St. John Street, or as it is vulgarly called, St. Jones's, near Clerkenwell' (quoted in Wheatley and Cunningham, London Past and Present, 1891, vol. ii, p. 316). Marvell perhaps had his private lodging here between his return from Holland and his departure for Russia. PAGE 38. Letter 38. A full account of the journey to Russia, Sweden, and Denmark is to be found in A Relation of Three Embassies From his Sacred Majestie Charles II to the Great Duke of Muscovie, The King of Sweden, and the King of Denmark (London, 1669),' by Guy Miege, who was a member of the Earl of Carlisle's suite, from which the following dates are taken.

The Merchantman (on which Guy Miège sailed) left Gravesend

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July 15, 1663

The Frigate (on which the Earl and Marvell sailed) left Gravesend

July 22, 1663

Aug. 19, 1663

Frigate reached Archangel

Marvell was sent into the town to make
He was I conducted by six

Gentlemen to the Castle, through a Regiment

of six hundred men '.

Formal entry into Archangel
Merchantman reached Archangel

Departure from Archangel.

The journey was made by barge up the Duina and Sucagna rivers via Colmogro, Arsinoa, Yagrish, Ustiga, Tetma, Chousca.

Vologda reached

Departure from Vologda

The journey was made by sledge via Yaroslaf,
Rostof, Peroslaf, Troitza.

The Yawes' near Moscow reached

Formal entry into Moscow

The Latin speeches on this, as on many similar
occasions were composed and delivered by
Marvell. Much trouble was caused by his
addressing the Tsar as Illustrissime' rather
than' Serenissime '.

Departure from Moscow
Arrival at Riga

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Aug. 23, 1663

Sept. 5, 1663

Sept. 12, 1663

Oct. 17, 1663

Jan. 7, 1664

Feb. 3, 1664

Feb. 6, 1664

June 24, 1664
Aug. 3, 1664

Aug. 18, 1664

Departure from Riga

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A reprint of part of this book has just been published by Messrs. A.

and C. Black as A Journey to Russia in 1663.

Departure from Stockholm
Entry into Copenhagen

Departure from Copenhagen by ship

Hostilities with Holland were beginning, which caused anxiety to the ambassador and his suite. Owing to bad weather Carlisle decided to leave his ship and return overland

At Bockstoud, near Hamburg, Marvell attempted to frighten a refractory waggoner into proceeding, and in consequence had to be rescued out of the hands of a barbarous rout of peasants and Mechanicks

Oct. 13, 1664
Oct. 27, 1664
Dec. 15, 1664

Dec. 29, 1664

About Jan. 4, 1665

Munster reached and left the same day, Carlisle
fearing capture by the Dutch
Thence via Cologne, Malines, Brussels, Calais,
Gravesend to London, which was reached.

Jan. 11, 1665

Jan. 30, 1665

PAGE 39. Letter 39. This is the first letter extant written by Marvell after his return from Russia,1 but he had been in his place at the House in the previous February. The Hull Bench Books record that on March 16, 1665 an order was made for the payment to him of £10 6s. 8d. for thirty-one days attendance at the last session of Parliament. See also note to Trinity House Letters 9. Marvell was in Oxford at least as early as September 30, on which day he signed his name in the admission register of the Bodleian Library among extranei nobiles et generosi. The only other entry in this class between July and December of this year is that of Winston Churchill on October 4. It is unfortunate that no record of books issued to readers exists between about 1640 and 1708.

PAGE 39, 1. 20. damage cleare: fees paid on obtaining damages. See O.E.D. Damage-cleere'.

PAGE 39, 1. 24. Octavis Martini: the octave of St. Martin, i. e. November 18. The Courts of Justice were held in the Schools at Oxford in November 1665 having been put off till then by Royal Proclamation of September 26 (Neale's MS. History preserved in the Bodleian). PAGE 39. Letter 40. This letter has disappeared from the Hull archives since Grosart saw it. His text agrees with Thompson's verbatim though not literatim. Both are quite untrustworthy in minutiae, and I have kept Grosart's spelling and punctuation while making here and in other lost letters to the Corporation quite certain corrections of form, e. g. 13th for‘13th'.

PAGE 42. Letter 43. the two Committees about the Fire of London: Marvell was on one of these which had been appointed on October 2, and also on two more appointed later than the date of this letter viz. November 10 and November 28. See note to Britannia and Rawleigh 14 for the examination of Mrs. Eves before Marvell.

PAGE 44, 1. 5. belong: a slip of the pen for belonging' or ' belong'. PAGE 57. Letter 66. The date October 8 is certainly wrong, as Parliament did not meet till October 10. It was on October 23 that the House sent to Rupert and Albemarle to ask for information, so that the real date of this letter must be October 24, 1667.

In the Record Office (State Papers Foreign, Russia 3 ff. 107-112) are three letters from the Earl of Carlisle, (1) to the king, March 12, 166}, (2) to the king, June 14, 1664, (3) to Mr. Secretary Bennett, June 14, 1664, written by Marvell's hand but signed by Carlisle, who evidently dictated the subject-matter if not the actual words. My attention was drawn to them by Miss I. E. Robbins.

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PAGE 57,1. 30. miscarriages of the warre: on October 17 a Committee, of which Marvell was a member, was appointed to inquire into them. PAGE 61. Letter 70. Mr Stockdale was 'Town's Intelligencer' for Hull in London. There are scores of newsletters and business letters from him to the Corporation preserved in the Hull archives. He held this post for the greater part of the time Marvell was member for Hull. PAGE 63, Letter 73. D: of Yorks month: one month's assessment. PAGE 67. Letter 79. Sir Jeremy Smith: see D.N.B. and Pepys. He was a friend of Marvell, who witnessed his will (made Oct. 13, proved Nov. 8, 1675). In this will reference is made to a deed dated June 12 aforesaid' (presumably 1675) under which Marvell and three others were appointed trustees. The same four are desired to be supervisors' of the will and to take the Care and Tuition of my children'. They are left forty shillings each. George Smith, the eldest son, is executor (Somerset House). See Corporation Letters 201. PAGE 68. Letter 80. This letter is undated, but is addressed to Mayor Lambert. Grosart correctly fixes the date as March 12. Pepys March 11, 1668 writes: ... the Act of Comprehension, which is the work of this day, about which the House is like to sit till night. After dinner, away with them back to Westminster, where, about four o'clock, the House rises, and hath done nothing more in the business than to put off the debate to this day month. In the mean time the King hath put out his proclamations this day, as the House desired, for the putting in execution the Act against Nonconformists and Papists.' PAGE 72. Letter 86 is undated, but addressed to Mayor Lambert. Grosart correctly dates April 18, 1668. Pepys on that day writes:

'Do hear this morning that Harman is committed by the Parliament last night, the day he come up, which is hard; but he took all upon himself first, and then when a witness come in to say otherwise, he would have retracted, and the House took it so ill, they would commit him.'

PAGE 75. Letter 90. Hull Bench Book, under date September 24, 1668, records that letters are ordered to be written to the Lord General, to Mr. Marvell and to Mr. Recorder about the abuses offered by Lieutenant Wise to the present Mayor.

PAGE 76. Letter 91. William Lister, Marvell's co-signatory to this letter, is the Mr Recorder' of the previous and succeeding letters, and a member of a famous Hull family.

PAGE 77. Letter 92. Grosart did not print this, as it is in Lister's writing. Marvell's signature is, of course, his own and also the address and frank

PAGE 79. Letter 93.

Your very affectionate Cosin: I do not know how Marvell was related to Duncalfe. He also calls himself cousin to Mayor Rogers (Letter 165).

PAGE 81. Letter 96. Mr Skyner is quite a different person from the Thomas Skinner of Letters 88 and 89, whose petition against the East India Company led to the quarrel between the two Houses on a question of privilege. This Skinner is Milton's friend Cyriack (Kupukós), posthumous son of William Skinner of Thornton College, Lincolnshire, his mother being Bridget, second daughter of Sir Edward Coke. Among the Hull Corporation papers is a letter from Cyriack Skinner dated Strand Mar. 23. 1668 about this same business, in which he says that nothing is yet ripe in the business of 'Mr South and Sir Robert Carie', but he expects that definite proposals will soon be put before Mr Recorder and Mr Marvell '.


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