The ice book: a history of everything connected with ice, with recipes

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Page 9 - But for all this, people will not take warning ; and most men would rather run the hazard of their lives or health than be deprived of the pleasure of drinking out of ice.
Page 45 - Two cups made of copper were placed the one within the other, so as to leave a small space between them, which was filled with water; the cups were then put into a pail, amidst a mixture of snow and unpurified salt coarsely pounded, and the water, in three hours, was converted into a cup of solid ice, as well formed as if it had come from the hands of a pewterer.
Page 28 - Grand d'Aussy quotes an anecdote, related by Brantome, from which he forms the same conclusion. The dauphin, son of Francis I, being accustomed to drink a great deal of water at table, even when he was overheated, Donna Agnes Beatrix Pacheco, one of the ladies of the court, by way of precaution sent to Portugal for earthen vessels, which would render the water cooler and more healthful; and from which all the water used at the court of Portugal was drunk.
Page 140 - Wind, which so greatly promotes evaporation, prevents the freezing altogether, and dew forms in a greater or less degree during the whole of the nights most productive of ice. If evaporation were concerned in the congelation, wetting the straw would promote it. But Mr. Williams, in the 83d vol.
Page 138 - When the air has been ratefied 250 times, the utmost that under such circumstances can perhaps be effected, the surface of evaporation is cooled down 120° Fahrenheit in winter, and would probably, from more copious evaporation and condensation, sink near 200° in summer. If the air be rarefied only 50 times, a depression of 80°, or even 100°, will be produced. We are thus enabled by this elegant combination, to freeze a mass of water in the hottest weather, and to keep it frozen, till il gradually...
Page 134 - The motionless apparent animation of their seemingly struggling attitudes (as if suddenly seized in moving, and petrified by frost), gives a horrid life to this dead scene. Had an enchanter's wand been instantaneously waved over this sea of animals during their different actions, they could not have been fixed more decidedly.
Page 140 - Clouds and frequent changes of wind are certain preventives of congelation. 300 persons are employed in this operation at one place. The enclosures formed on the ground are four or five feet wide, and have walls only four inches high. In these enclosures, previously bedded with dry straw, broad, shallow, unglazed earthen pans are set, containing unboiled pumpwater.
Page 42 - In the year 1626, the well known commentary on the works of Avicenna, by Sanctorius, was published at Venice, in folio. The author of this work relates that, in the presence of many spectators, he had converted wine into ice, not by a mixture of snow and saltpetre, but of snow and common salt. When the. salt was equal to a third part of the snow, the cold was three times as strong as when snow was used alone. Lord Bacon, who died in 1626, says that a new method had been found out of bringing snow...
Page 139 - From this rapid emission of heat from the surface of the ground, we can now explain the formation of ice during the night in Bengal, while the temperature of the air is above 32°.
Page 45 - A basin, also made of ice and filled with wine, was handed to him, and he was informed that to prepare all these things in summer was a new art. Snow was preserved the whole year through in pits lined with straw. Two cups made of copper were placed...

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