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annual Association attention authorities become better Board of Health body called causes child cholera citizens close clothing committee condition consumption contagious cremation danger dead death destroy diphtheria direct disease disinfected duty effect epidemic especially exist fact feet fever four germs give given human hygiene important individual infected interest keep known less light living matter means meeting methods Michigan milk mind MONITOR nature necessary never nurse officers once organization passed patient persons physical physician possible practical prevent proper protection public health pure quarantine received recommended referred removed result sanitary scarlet sick small-pox Society soil solution supply taken tion typhoid fever United vaccination
Page 53 - Thou hast spread thy wing, and sheltered us from the pestilence that walketh in darkness, and the destruction that wasteth at noon-day.
Page 19 - The injurious consequences which are likely to result from such misapprehension and misuse of the word disinfectant will be appreciated when it is known that : Recent researches have demonstrated that many of the agents which have been found useful as deodorizers, or as antiseptics, are entirely without value for the destruction of disease germs. This is true, for example, as regards the sulphate of iron or copperas, a salt which has been extensively used with the idea that it is a valuable disinfectant....
Page 22 - When the excreta — not previously disinfected — of patients with cholera or typhoid fever, have been thrown into a privy-vault, this is infected, and disinfection should be resorted to as soon as the fact is discovered, or whenever there is reasonable suspicion that such is the case. It will be advisable to take the same precautions with reference to...
Page 41 - Empty out some of the water, leaving the bottle half full; cork up the bottle and place it for a few hours in a warm place ; shake up the water, remove the cork and critically smell the air contained in the bottle. If it has any smell, and especially if the odor is in the least repulsive, the water should be rejected for domestic use. By heating the water to boiling, an odor is evolved sometimes that otherwise does not appear.
Page 20 - In cholera, diphtheria, yellow fever and scarlet fever, all vomited material should be looked upon as infectious. And in tuberculosis, diphtheria, scarlet fever and infectious pneumonia, the sputa of the sick should be disinfected or destroyed by fire. It seems advisable also to treat the urine of patients sick with an infectious disease with one of the disinfecting solutions below recommended.
Page 21 - ... and other places where it may have settled, and to thoroughly cleanse crevices and out-of-the-way places. After this application of the disinfecting solution, and an interval of twenty-four hours or longer for free ventilation, the floors and wood-work should be well scrubbed with soap and hot water, and this should be followed by a second more prolonged exposure to fresh air, admitted through open doors and windows.
Page 19 - Popularly, the term disinfection is used in a much broader sense. Any chemical agent which destroys or masks bad odors, or which arrests putrefactive decomposition, is spoken of as a disinfectant; and in the absence of any infectious disease it is common to speak of disinfecting a foul cesspool, or bad smelling stable, or privy vault. This popular use of the term has led to much misapprehension...
Page 29 - Children under ten years of age are in much greater danger of death from scarlet fever than are adults ; but adult persons often get and spread the disease, and sometimes die from it. Mild cases in adults may thus cause fatal cases among children. Because of these facts, it is frequently dangerous for children to go where adult persons go with almost perfect safety to themselves.
Page 22 - Disinfection of ingesta. — It is well established that cholera and typhoid fever, are very frequently, and perhaps usually, transmitted through the medium of infected water or articles of food, and especially milk. Fortunately we have a simple means at hand for disinfecting such infected fluids. This consists in the application of heat. The boiling temperature maintained for half an liour kills all known disease germs.