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New York State Library

MELVIL DEWEY Director

Bulletin 87

LEGISLATION 22

REVIEW OF LEGISLATION 1903
Oct. 1, 1902 to Oct. 1, 1903

EDITED BY

Robert H. Whitten Sociology Librarian

PREFACE

As a contribution to better organization of material for comparative study of state government and laws the State Library now issues three annual bulletins: Digest of Governors Messages, Summary and Index of Legislation, and Review of Legislation.

The Digest of Governors Messages is a topical digest covering all the states and including related topics in the president's message. The Summary and Index of Legislation is a minutely classified summary of new laws passed by all the states, including votes on constitutional amendments and decisions declaring statutes unconstitutional. The present Review of Legislation, the third of its series, contains contributions from specialists in all parts of the country reviewing governors' recommendations and the laws enacted on each important subject. Beginning with the present year these three closely related annuals will be bound together to form the Yearbook of Legislation.

The Review is rendered possible only by the generous cooperation of the various specialists who contribute the articles.

MELVIL DEWEY

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NOTES

Political science association. As the result of a movement started more than a year ago the American Political Science Association was organized at New Orleans, Dec. 30, 1903. The object of the association is the advancement of scientific study of politics, public law, administration and diplomacy. Frank J. Goodnow, professor of administrative law, Columbia University, is president of the association, and W. W. Willoughby, associate professor of political science, Johns Hopkins University, secretary. Provision was made for standing committees on international law and diplomacy, comparative legislation, historical and comparative jurisprudence, constitutional law, administration, politics and political theory. These committees will doubtless develop into permanent sections of the association.

The committee on comparative legislation should become a center for organization and promotion of work within this field. It should outline the work of indexing, digesting and classifying necessary for the proper organization of the material of comparative legislation and actively promote the undertaking of such work by government departments, institutions and individuals. Among the many things needed to facilitate the study of comparative legislation are: (1) an index of the legislation of all states and territories, 1776 to date; (2) a compilation or digest of the legislation of each general subject; (3) a compilation and digest of state constitutions; (4) an index of foreign legislation.

Several departments of the national government are already doing extensive work in comparative legislation in their particular fields. This is notably true of the Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Education and the Bureau of Labor. For each important subject of legislation, as labor, charities and corrections, education, taxation, transportation etc. there should be some institution or government department that would undertake to act as a center for comparative investigation within the field, and would prepare and keep up to date, a compilation or digest of the laws of the subject. In this way the entire field of com

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