An Elementary Treatise on Iron Metallurgy, Up to the Manufacture of Puddled Bars, Built Upon the Atomic System of Philosophy: Comprising Suggestions Relative to Important Improvements in the Manufacture of Iron and Steel, and the Conduct of Extensive Iron Works
Simpkin, Marshall, & Company, 1860 - 528 pages
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acid action alloy alumine amount analysis appear atom bars become blast blast-furnace body calcined carbon cast cast-iron cause cent charcoal charges cinder coal coke combined comparatively compound consequently consideration considered contain desired ditto earthy effect elements entirely equal experiments fact feet finished flux fuel furnace gases given grey hard heat important improvement inches instance iron iron-smelting ironmasters kind less lime limestone loss magnetic manganese manner manufacture materials matter means melted mentioned metal metalloids mixture nature nearly necessary obtained operations ovens oxide oxygen pig-iron Plate portion possible practical present principles produce proper properties proportions protoxide puddling pure quantity question reason red-short referred refined removed respect separation silex silicium smelting soft sort steel substances sufficient sulphur Table temperature termed tons weight wrought-iron yield
Page 96 - See dying vegetables life sustain, See life dissolving vegetate again : All forms that perish other forms supply : (By turns we cateh the vital breath and die,) Like bubbles on the sea of matter borne, They rise, they break, and to that sea return.
Page 256 - Melville' steamer, of which, while shutting up the middle, one of the ends of each rod was jarred off, and presented large crystals in the fracture ; being well assured of the good quality of the iron in the rods, he had the same...
Page 6 - OR, POCKET COMPANION ; Showing at one view the Contents of any Piece of Land from Dimensions taken in Yards. With a set of Useful Agricultural Tables.
Page 249 - ... additional hammering, that part of the bar immediately becomes crystallized, and so extremely brittle that it will break to pieces by merely throwing it on the ground, though all the rest of the bar will exhibit the best and toughest quality imaginable- This change, therefore, has been produced by percussion as the primary agent...