Modern Architectural Theory: A Historical Survey, 1673–1968

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Cambridge University Press, 2009 M07 13
Modern Architectural Theory is the first book to provide a comprehensive survey of architectural theory, primarily in Europe and the United States, during three centuries of development. In this synthetic overview, Harry Mallgrave examines architectural discourse within its social and political context. He explores the philosophical and conceptual evolution of its ideas, discusses the relation of theory to the practice of building, and, most importantly, considers the words of the architects themselves, as they contentiously shaped Western architecture. He also examines the compelling currents of French rationalist and British empiricist thought, radical reformation of the theory during the Enlightenment, the intellectual ambitions and historicist debates of the nineteenth century, and the distinctive varieties of modern theory in the twentieth century up to the profound social upheaval of the 1960s. Modern Architectural Theory challenges many assumptions about architectural modernism and uncovers many new dimensions of the debates about modernism.
 

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Contents

The Enlightenment and Neoclassical Theory
13
British Theory in the Eighteenth Century
44
Neoclassicism and Historicism
67
Socialism Romanticism and the Petite Révolution
78
Classicism and the Gothic Revival in Britain
82
The Rise of German Theory
91
Friedrich Gilly and Karl Friedrich Schinkel
93
Weinbrenner Moller Klenze and Gärtner
102
European Modernism 19171933
235
Soviet Rationalism and Constructivism
238
De Stijl and Dutch Modernism
241
Expressionism and the Bauhaus
244
Le Corbusier and Giedion
253
The Breadth of the Early Modern Movement
261
Weissenhof and CIAM
271
American Modernism 19171934
279

In What Style Should We Build?
106
Karl Bötticher and the Style Debate
108
Competing Directions at Midcentury
114
ViolletleDuc and the Debate in France
123
Gottfried Semper and the Idea of Style
131
Historicism in the United States
140
Stylistic Pluralism around Midcentury
149
Emerson and Greenough
153
Davis and Downing
155
Richardson and Sullivan
160
The Arts and Crafts Movements 170 1 The British Arts and Crafts Movement
170
Domestic Reforms on the Continent of Europe
177
Reform Movements in the United States
185
Camillo Sitte and Ebenezer Howard
190
Excursus on a Few of the Conceptual Foundations of TwentiethCentury German Modernism
195
Modernism 18891914
204
Realism and Sachlichkeit
207
Endell and van de Velde
211
Olbrich Hoffmann and Loos
213
Berlage and Wright
218
Garnier Perret Jeanneret and SantElia
223
Muthesius and Behrens
226
The Lost Years
287
Schindler and Neutra
290
Mumford and Fuller
293
The International Style Exhibition
298
Depression War and Aftermath 19341958
305
Prewar Theory Elsewhere in Europe
312
American Practice and Academic Reforms 19341941
316
The 1940s and 1950s in the United States
325
Postwar Modernism in South America Asia and Europe
342
Challenges to Modernism in Europe 19591967
355
The Italian Retreat from the Modern Movement
361
Banham Archigram Metabolism and Other Utopianisms
364
Phenomenology Structuralism and Semiotics
369
Ungers Sterling Scarpa and Rossi
373
Challenges to Modernism in America
380
From a Pattern Language to the IChing
387
Louis I Kahn
391
Colin Rowe Peter Eisenman and CASE
394
Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture
398
Epilogue
404
Notes
406
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Harry Mallgrave is Associate Professor of History and Theory at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. His 1996 book Gottfried Semper: Architect of the Nineteenth Century was awarded the Alice Davis Hitchcock Award by the Society of Architectural Historians.

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