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acres agency agent asked bands called camp carried Cherokees Cheyennes chiefs civilized claim commissioners condition Congress continued council Creek cultivation Delawares Department desire dians dollars established fact faith farms five force four friends give given Government Governor grant hands held horses hostile houses hundred improvement Indians interest killed lands leave less letter living located March means ment miles Mission never North occupied officer paid party passed peace persons Poncas portion possession present President promised protection reason received record remain removal reservation River says Secretary secure sent settlers side Sioux soon suffered taken Territory thing thousand tion told took tract treaty tribe United Valley village whole Winnebagoes women
Page 16 - They were admitted to be the rightful occupants of the soil, with a legal as well as just claim to retain possession of it, and to use it according to their own discretion...
Page 44 - The very extensive and highly cultivated fields and gardens show the work of many hands. The margins of those beautiful rivers — the Miamis, of the Lake, and Au Glaize — appear like one continued village for a number of miles, both above and below this place; nor have I ever before beheld such immense fields of corn in any part of America, from Canada to Florida.
Page 42 - We desire you to consider, brothers, that our only demand is the peaceable possession of a small part of our once great country. Look back, and review the lands from whence we have been driven to this spot. We can retreat no farther; because the country behind hardly affords food for its present inhabitants ; and we have, therefore, resolved to leave our bones in this small space to which we are now confined.
Page 45 - ... the Indian tribes who have a right to those lands, are quietly to enjoy them, hunting, planting, and dwelling thereon, so long as they please, without any molestation from the United States; but when those tribes, or any of them, shall be disposed to sell their lands, or any part of them, they are to be sold only to the United States ; and until such sale, the United States will protect all the said Indian tribes in the quiet enjoyment of their lands against all citizens of the United States,...
Page 20 - A dwarf is as much a man as a giant; a small republic is no less a sovereign state than the most powerful kingdom.
Page 13 - When the conquest is complete, and the conquered inhabitants can be blended with the conquerors, or safely governed as a distinct people, public opinion, which not even the conqueror can disregard, imposes these restraints upon him; and he cannot neglect them without injury to his fame and hazard to his power.
Page 298 - On the first Arrival of the English in Pennsylvania, Messengers from this Tribe came to welcome them, with Presents of Venison, Corn, and Skins; and the whole Tribe entered into a Treaty of Friendship with the first Proprietor, William Penn, which was to last "as long as the Sun should shine, or the Waters run in the Rivers.
Page 274 - But your great object seems to be the security of your remaining lands, and I have therefore upon this point, meant to be sufficiently strong and clear. That in future you cannot be defrauded of your lands. That you possess the right to sell, and the right of refusing to sell your lands.
Page 32 - They would make slaves of us if they could, but as they cannot do it, they kill us ! There is no faith to be placed in their words. They are not like the Indians, who are only enemies, while at war, and are friends in peace. They will say to an Indian, 'my friend ! my brother ! ' They will take him by the hand, and at the same moment destroy him.
Page 280 - States whereby the difficulties they have experienced by a residence within the settled parts of the United States under the jurisdiction and laws of the State Governments may be terminated and adjusted ; and with a view to reuniting their people in one body and securing a permanent home for themselves and their posterity in the country selected by their forefathers without the territorial limits of the State sovereignties, and where they can establish and enjoy a government of their choice and perpetuate...