Sex, Race, and Merit: Debating Affirmative Action in Education and Employment

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University of Michigan Press, 2000 - 338 pages
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Since its inception, affirmative action has been a controversial policy, and on all sides of the issue passions run high. Sometimes commentators have looked with clarity at the deep and complex issues surrounding affirmative action, but too often facts have been in shorter supply than misinformed opinions. Sex, Race, and Merit: Debating Affirmative Action in Education and Employment is designed to enhance intelligent discussion of the issues, presenting all sides of the controversy and working to separate fact from fiction.
Sex, Race, and Merit brings together a rich array of material, including newspaper articles and essays by leading scholars. including William Bowen, Derek Bok, Barbara Bergmann, Christopher Edley, Barbara Reskin, Claude Steele, and Patricia Williams. Also featured are excerpts from primary sources, including the legislative documents that established affirmative action policy; the text of California Proposal 200, which ended such policy in that state; and excerpts from key legal cases, including the Bakke case and other recent cases.
Sex, Race, and Merit is a useful tool in eliciting thoughtful, informed, and useful debate on the subject of affirmative action. It neither advocates in favor of affirmative action, nor does it speak against it. Rather, by including both factual and polemical materials, the book allows readers to explore the contours of the debate as well as the facts being debated. It is designed for an audience of nonspecialist readers, including students from secondary school through college, but will also be useful to scholars interested in the evolution and current status of this critical policy debate.
Faye J. Crosby is Professor of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz. Cheryl VanDeVeer is Director of the Document Publishing and Editing Center, University of California, Santa Cruz.
 

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Contents

Toward an Understanding of Affirmative Action
13
Key Dates in the Battle over Affirmative Action Policy
21
UC Must End Affirmative Action
29
Defining Disadvantage up to Preserve Preferences
31
In Defense of Affirmative Action
34
Study of Doctors Sees Little Effect of Affirmative Action on Careers
40
Scholarship Program for Whites Becomes a Test of Preferences
43
Just Blind
48
The Education of Richard Rodriguez
139
A New Vision of Race in America
144
From Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby
150
From Affirmative Action in the Labor Market
159
From Affirmative Action in Higher Education
167
The Case for Colorblind Justice
174
From Affirmative Action in Education
176
From Affirmative Actions Contradictory Consequences
182

Defining Affirmative Action
56
An Equal Chance
58
For Asian Americans a Barrier or a Boon?
60
When a Law Firm Is Like a Baseball Team
64
Wrong for Police Wrong for Universities
67
Inclusive America under Attack
70
From The Alchemy of Race and Rights
75
From Justice Gender and Affirmative Action
81
From In Defense of Affirmative Action
89
Affirmative Action Race and American Values
97
From The Realities of Affirmative Action in Employment
103
LongTerm Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions
114
Expert Testimony in Defense of Affirmative Action
124
Affirmative Action in Social Psychological Perspective
134
One Nation Indivisible
186
Title VII Equal Employment Opportunity
202
Equal Employment Opportunity
219
Proposition 209
230
Griggs et al v Duke Power Co
232
Regents of the University of California v Bakke
236
United Steelworkers of America AFLCIOCLC v Weber et al
252
H Earl Fullilove et al Petitioners v Philip M Klutznick Secretary of Commerce of the United States et al
258
City of Richmond v J A Croson Co
280
Adarand Constructors Inc v Pena Secretary of Transportation et al
294
Cheryl Hopwood v University of Texas
310
References
323
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