TITLE IV. GENERAL POLICE OF THE STATE. CHAPTER I. Weights and measures. II. Money. III. Time. IV. Auctions. V. Peddling. VI. Drugs. VII. Fires. VIII. Fishing and hunting. IX. Racing. X. Prize and game fighting, and gaming. XI. Licenses. XII. Inns. XIII. Unclaimed property. XIV. Registry of births, marriages and deaths. XVI. Dissection. XVII. Observance of Sunday. The provisions respecting stock-jobbing we have wholly omitted. By the act of 1858 (Laws of 1858, ch. 134, p. 251) the provisions of the Revised Statutes on this subject were repealed. The first section of that act declared that no contract for the transfer of stock, &c., should be voidable for want of consideration. The object of the act seems to be, not to make that which is a nude pact binding as a contract; but rather to place contracts for sale of stocks on the same basis as other contracts in this respect. This object is best answered by omitting all provisions in reference to such contracts; which we have accordingly done. CHAPTER I. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. SECTION 676. The standards. ards. 677. The unit of extension. 678. Divisions of the yard. 679. The rod, the mile and the chain. 680. The acre. 681. The unit of weight. 682. Divisions of the pound. 683. Unit of liquid measures. 685. Unit of solid measures. 686. Divisions of the half-bushel. 687. Measures of capacity for commodities sold by heap measure. 688. Heap measure. 689. Contracts construed accordingly. 690. Weight of bushels of various products. 691. Duty of the state superintendent of weights and mea sures. 692. State superintendent may contract for construction of standards. 693. Verification and transmission of standards. 694. Cost of standards, &c., to be borne by the county. 695. Copies of standards. 696. Duty of the county sealer. 697. Duty of the town sealer. 698. Supervisors to procure town standards. 699. Marks upon the standards. 700. Sealing weights and measures. 701. Sealer's fees. 702. Delivery of standards to successor in office. 703. False weights and measures. 704. False marks. 705. Surveyor's testimony. The provisions of this chapter, except when otherwise indicated, are from 2 R. S., 2 to 6, as amended by Laws of 1857, ch. 560, and from Laws of 1854, ch. 326, and Laws of 1857, ch. 725. The stand- § 676. The standard weights and measures now in charge of the secretary of state, being the same that were furnished to this state by the government of the United States in accordance with a joint resolution of congress, approved June 14, 1836, and consisting of one standard yard measure; one set of standard weights, comprising one troy pound and nine avoirdupois weights of one, two, three, four, five, ten, twenty, twenty-five and fifty pounds respectively; one set of standard troy ounce weights, divided decimally from ten ounces to the one ten-thousandth of an ounce; one set of standard liquid capacity measures, consisting of one wine gallon of two hundred and thirty-one cubic inches, one half-gallon, one quart, one pint, and one half-pint measure; and one standard half-bushel, containing one thousand and seventyfive cubic inches and twenty one-hundredths of a cubic inch, according to the inch hereby adopted as standard, are the standards of weights and measures throughout the state. extension. § 677. The unit, or standard measure, of length The unit of and surface, from which all other measures of extension, whether they be lineal, superficial or solid, shall be derived and ascertained, is the standard yard. the yard. § 678. The yard is divided into three equal Divisions of parts called feet, and each foot into twelve equal parts called inches; for measures of cloths and other commodities commonly sold by the yard, it The rod,the mile and the chain. The acre. The unit of weight. Divisions of the pound. Unit of liquid measures. may be divided into halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. § 679. The rod, pole or perch contains five and a half yards, and the mile one thousand seven hundred and sixty yards; the chain for measuring land is twenty-two yards long, and divided. into one hundred equal parts called links. § 680. The acre for land measure shall be measured horizontally, and contains ten square chains, and is equivalent, in area, to a rectangle sixteen rods in length and ten in breadth; six hundred and forty acres being contained in a square mile. § 681. The units or standards of weight, from which all other weights shall be derived and ascertained, are the standard avoirdupois and troy weights. § 682. The avoirdupois pound, which bears to the troy pound the ratio of seven thousand to five thousand seven hundred and sixty, is divided into sixteen equal parts called ounces; the hundred weight consists of one hundred avoirdupois pounds, and twenty hundred weight constitute a ton. The troy ounce is equal to the twelfth part of the troy pound. сара § 683. The units or standards of measure of city for liquids, from which all other measures of liquids shall be derived and ascertained, are the standard gallon and its parts. The barrel and hogshead. § 684. The barrel is equal to thirty-one and a T the half gallons, and two barrels constitute a hogshead. solid measures. § 685. The unit or standard measure of capacity Unit of for substances not being liquids, from which all other measures of such substances shall be derived and ascertained, is the standard half-bushel. Divisions of bushol. $686. The peck, half-peck, quarter-peck, quart he half and pint measurers, for measuring commodities which are not liquid, are derived from the halfbushel, by successively dividing that measure by two. § 687. The measures of capacity for coal, ashes, marl, manure, indian corn in the ear, fruit and roots of every kind, and for all other commodities commonly sold by heap measure, shall be the halfbushel and its multiples and subdivisions; and the measures used to measure such commodities shall be made cylindrical, with plane and even bottom, and shall be of the following diameters, from outside to outside; the bushel, nineteen and a half inches; half bushel, fifteen and a half inches; and the peck, twelve and a third inches. sure. 688. All commodities sold by heap measure Heap meashall be duly heaped up in the form of a cone; the outside of the measure by which the same shall be |